Nam Nguyen's wire posts

    • Nam Nguyen

      By Nam Nguyen
      junction<=> noun a joining point junior doctor<=> noun a doc tor who is completing his or her training in hospital
      • Nam Nguyen

        By Nam Nguyen
        jumper’s knee<=> noun a pain ful condition suffered by athletes and dancers in which inflammation develops in the knee joint
        • Nam Nguyen

          By Nam Nguyen
          jugular vein<=> noun one of the veins which pass down either side of the neck. Also called jugular juice<=> noun 1.<=> liquid from a fruit or vegetable a glass of orange juice or tomato juice 2.<=> a natural fluid of the body. gastric juice
          • Nam Nguyen

            By Nam Nguyen
            jugular trunk<=> noun a ter minal lymph vessel in the neck, draining into the subclavian vein
            • Nam Nguyen

              By Nam Nguyen
              jugular nerve<=> noun one of the nerves in the neck
              • Nam Nguyen

                By Nam Nguyen
                joule<=> noun the SI unit of measurement of work or energy. 4.184 joules equals one calorie. Symbol J jugular<=> adjective referring to the throat or neck noun same as jugular vein <=>COMMENT: There are three jugular veins on each side: the internal jugular is large and leads to the brachiocephalic vein, the external jugular is smaller and leads to the subclavian vein and the anterior jugular is the smallest.
                • Nam Nguyen

                  By Nam Nguyen
                  joint mouse<=> plural noun a loose piece of bone or cartilage in the knee joint, making the joint lock
                  • Nam Nguyen

                    By Nam Nguyen
                    joint investment plan<=> noun a plan that health and social services draw up together for specific areas of care
                    • Nam Nguyen

                      By Nam Nguyen
                      European Convention on State Immunity <=>An international convention of 1972 setting out when and how member states of the European Community (now the European Union) may sue or be sued (by other states or by individuals). It is in force only in those EU states that have signed up to the convention. See also IMMUNITY.
                      • Nam Nguyen

                        By Nam Nguyen
                        European Convention on Human Rights <=>A convention, originally formulated in 1950,aimed at protecting the *human rights of all people in the member states of the Council of Europe. Part 1 of the Convention, together with a number of subsequent protocols, define the freedoms that each signatory state must guarantee to all within its jurisdiction, although states may derogate from the Convention in respect of particular activities (see DEROGATION). The Convention established a Commission on Human Rights <=>and a Court of Human Rights <=>in Strasbourg. The Commission may hear complaints (known as petitions) <=>by one state against another. It may also hear complaints by an individual, group, or nongovernmental organization claiming to be a victim of a breach of the Convention, provided that the state against which the complaint has been made declares that it recognizes the authority of the Commission to receive such petitions. The Commission cannot deal with any complaint, however, unless the applicant has first tried all possible remedies in the national courts (in England he must usually first appeal to the House of Lords). All complaints must be made not later than six months from the date on which the final decision against the applicant was made in the national courts. The Commission will only investigate a complaint if it is judged to fulfil various conditions that make it admissible. If the Commission thinks there has. been a breach of the Convention, it places itself at the disposal of the parties in an attempt to achieve a friendly settlement. If this fails, the Commission sends a report on the case to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The case may then be brought before the Court within three months by either the Commission or one of the states concerned (an individual victim cannot take the matter to the Court himself). No case can be brought before the Court, however, unless the state against which the complaint is made has accepted the Court's jurisdiction. The Court then has power to make a final ruling, which is binding on the parties, and in some cases to award compensation. If the matter is not taken to the Court, a decision is made instead by the Committee of Ministers. The Convention has established a considerable body of jurisprudence. As of 2 October 2000 the Convention and its terms were transformed into English law as the *Human Rights Act 1998.
                        • Nam Nguyen

                          By Nam Nguyen
                          European company <=>A proposed type of company to be incorporated under European *Community law rather than under the national law of a member state. European companies would be recognized by all member states and would facilitate mergers between two or more limited companies each incorporated under the national law of a member state.
                          • Nam Nguyen

                            By Nam Nguyen
                            European Community Treaty <=>See TREATY OF ROME.
                            • Nam Nguyen

                              By Nam Nguyen
                              European Community (EC) <=> The original members of the ECwere Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The UK, the Republic of Ireland, and Denmark joined in 1972,Greece in 1981, and Spain and Portugal in 1986,and Austria, Sweden, and Finland in 1995(in 1994 Norway voted by referendum not to join). The changes in UK law necessary as a result of her joining were made by the European Communities Act 1972.
                              • Nam Nguyen

                                By Nam Nguyen
                                European Community (EC) <=> *European Coal and Steel Community (established in 1951) and the *European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom; established in 1957); the separate executive and legislative bodies of these three European Communities <=>were merged in 1967 (see EUROPEAN COMMISSION; COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION). The *Single European Act 1986,given effect in the UKby the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1986,contains provisions designed to make "concrete progress" towards European unity, including measures to establish a *Single Market for the free movement of goods, services, capital, and persons within the Community: the Single Market came into operation on 1 January 1993. In February 1992 the member states signed the Treaty on European Union (see MAASTRICHT TREATY). This amended the founding treaties of the Communities by establishing a *European Union based upon the three Communities; renamed the EECthe European Community; and introduced new policy areas with the aim of creating closer economic, political, and monetary union between member states. The Treaty came into force on 1 November 1993; it was amended by the *Amsterdam Treaty.
                                • Nam Nguyen

                                  By Nam Nguyen
                                  European Community (EC) <=>An economic and political association of European states that originated as the European Economic Community (EEC). <=>It was created by the *Treaty of Rome in 1957with the broad object of furthering economic development within the Community by the establishment of a Common Market <=>and the approximation of the economic policies of member states. Its more detailed aims included eliminating customs duties internally and adopting a common customs tariff externally, the following by member states of common policies on agriculture and transport, promoting the free movement of labour and capital between member states, and outlawing within the Community all practices leading to the distortion of competition (see ARTICLE 81). Two of its institutions, the *European Parliament and the *European Court of Justice, were shared with the