List of countries and capital cities around the world

Country Capital Continent Afghanistan Kabul Asia Albania Tirana Europe Algeria Algiers Africa Andorra Andorra la Vella Europe Angola Luanda Africa Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s America Argentina Buenos Aires America Armenia Yerevan Asia Australia Canberra Oceania Austria Vienna Europe Azerbaijan Baku Asia Bahamas Nassau America Bahrain Manama Asia Bangladesh Dhaka Asia Barbados Bridgetown America Belarus … Read moreList of countries and capital cities around the world

VIETNAM

Introduction ::VIETNAM Background: The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam … Read moreVIETNAM

UNITED STATES

Introduction ::UNITED STATES Background: Britain’s American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the … Read moreUNITED STATES

ZIMBABWE

Introduction ::ZIMBABWE Background: The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the [British] South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the … Read moreZIMBABWE

ZAMBIA

Introduction ::ZAMBIA Background: The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, … Read moreZAMBIA

YEMEN

Introduction ::YEMEN Background: North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds … Read moreYEMEN

WORLD

Introduction ::WORLD Background: Globally, the 20th century was marked by: (a) two devastating world wars; (b) the Great Depression of the 1930s; (c) the end of vast colonial empires; (d) rapid advances in science and technology, from the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (US) to the landing on the moon; (e) the … Read moreWORLD

WESTERN SAHARA

Introduction ::WESTERN SAHARA Background: Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara in 1976, Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania’s withdrawal. A … Read moreWESTERN SAHARA

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