The following symbols have been used to show the pronunciation of the main words in the dictionary.
Stress is indicated by a main stress mark ( ) and a secondary stress mark ( ) . Note that these are only guides, as the stress of the word changes according to its position in the sentence.
A /e/nouna human blood type of the ABO system, containing the A antigen (NOTE: Some-one with type A can donate to people of the same group or of the AB group, and can receive blood from people with type A or type O.)
- abbr Alcoholics Anonymous
- & E /e ənd i/, A & E department /e əndi d pɑ tmənt/ noun same as accident and
- /e ənd i med(ə)s n/noun the medical procedures used in A & E de-partments
AB /e bi/nouna human blood type of the ABO system, containing the A and B antigens
(NOTE: Someone with type AB can donate to people of the same group and receive blood from people with type O, A, AB or B.)
ab- / b/prefixaway from
ABC /e bi si/nounthe basic initial checks of a casualty’s condition. Full form airway,
breathing and circulation
abdomen /bdəmən/nouna space inside the body below the diaphragm, above the pel-vis and in front of the spine, containing the stomach, intestines, liver and other vital or-gans pain in the abdomen (NOTE: For other terms referring to the abdomen, see words be-ginning with coeli-, coelio-.)
COMMENT: The abdomen is divided for medi-cal purposes into nine regions: at the top, the right and left hypochondriac regions with the epigastrium between them; in the centre, the right and left lumbar regions with the umbilical between them; and at the bottom, the right and left iliac regions with the hypogastrium between them.
abdomin- /bdɒm n/prefixsame as abdom-ino- (used before vowels)
abdominal /b dɒm n(ə)l/adjectivelocated in the abdomen, or relating to the abdomen abdominal aorta /b dɒm n(ə)l e ɔ tə/noun the part of the aorta which lies between the diaphragm and the point where the aorta divides into the iliac arteries. See illustration at KIDNEY in Supplement
abdominal cavity /b dɒm n(ə)l k v ti/noun the space in the body below the chest
abdominal distension /b dɒm n(ə)l d stenʃ(ə)n/ noun a condition in which the abdo-
men is stretched because of gas or fluid abdominal pain /b dɒm n(ə)l pe n/noun
pain in the abdomen caused by indigestion or more serious disorders
abdominal viscera /b dɒm n(ə)l v sərə/plural noun the organs which are contained in the abdomen, e.g. the stomach, liver and intes-tines