English dictionary words starting with Z from page 17801 to 17850

Z

Z (ze; in England commonly, and in America sometimes, zêd; formerly,

also, îz”zêrd)

Defn: Z, the twenty-sixth and last letter of the English alphabet, is

a vocal consonant. It is taken from the Latin letter Z, which came

from the Greek alphabet, this having it from a Semitic source. The

ultimate origin is probably Egyptian. Etymologically, it is most

closely related to s, y, and j; as in glass, glaze; E. yoke, Gr.

yugum; E. zealous, jealous. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 273, 274.

ZA

Za, n. (Min.)

Defn: An old solfeggio name for B flat; the seventh harmonic, as

heard in the or æolian string; — so called by Tartini. It was long

considered a false, but is the true note of the chord of the flat

seventh. H. W. Poole.

ZABAISM; ZABISM

Za”ba*ism, Za”bism, n.

Defn: See Sabianism.

ZABIAN

Za”bi*an, a. & n.

Defn: See Sabian.

ZACCO

Zac”co, n. (Arch.)

Defn: See Zocco.

ZACHUN

Za*chun”, n. (Bot.)

Defn: An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of a small thorny

tree (Balanites Ægyptiaca), and sold to piligrims for a healing

ointment. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

ZAERTHE

Zaer”the, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Zärthe.

ZAFFER

Zaf”fer, n. Etym: [F. zafre, safre; cf. Sp. zafra, safra, It.

saffera, G. zaffer; all probably of Arabic origin. Cf. Zaphara.]

Defn: A pigment obtained, usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand

or quartz, as a dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt

oxide, or of an impure cobalt arseniate. It is used in porcelain

painting, and in enameling pottery, to produce a blue color, and is

often confounded with smalt, from which, however, it is distinct, as

it contains no potash. The name is often loosely applied to mixtures

of zaffer proper with silica, or oxides of iron, manganese, etc.

[Written also zaffre, and formerly zaffree, zaffar, zaffir.]

ZAIM

Zaim, n. Etym: [Turk. & Ar. za’im.]

Defn: A Turkish chief who supports a mounted militia bearing the same

name. Smart.

ZAIMET

Zaim”et, n. Etym: [Turk. & Ar. za’imet.]

Defn: A district from which a Zaim draws his revenue. Smart.

ZAIN

Zain, n.

Defn: A horse of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and having no

spots. Smart.

ZALAMBDODONT

Za*lamb”do*dont, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to a tribe (Zalambdodonta) of Insectivora in

which the molar teeth have but one V-shaped ridge.

ZALAMBDODONT

Za*lamb”do*dont, n.

Defn: One of the Zalambdodonta. The tenrec, solenodon, and golden

moles are examples.

ZAMANG

Za*mang”, n. (Bot.)

Defn: An immense leguminous tree (Pithecolobium Saman) of Venezuela.

Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one hundred and eighty

feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly for feeding

cattle. Also called rain tree. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

ZAMBO

Zam”bo, n.; pl. Zambos. Etym: [See Sambo.]

Defn: The child of a mulatto and a negro; also, the child of an

Indian and a negro; colloquially or humorously, a negro; a sambo.

ZAMIA

Za”mi*a, n. Etym: [L. zamia a kind of fir cone, from Gr. (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of cycadaceous plants, having the appearance of low

palms, but with exogenous wood. See Coontie, and Illust. of Strobile.

ZAMINDAR

Zam`in*dar”, n. Etym: [Hind. zemindar, zamindar, a landholder, Per.

zamindar; zamin land dar holding.]

Defn: A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a

kind of feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he

pays to the government a certain fixed revenue. [Written also

zemindar.] [India]

ZAMINDARY; ZAMINDARI

Zam”in*da*ry, Zam”in*da*ri, n.

Defn: The jurisdiction of a zamindar; the land possessed by a

zamindar. [Written also zemindary, zemindari.]

ZAMITE

Za”mite, n. (Paleon.)

Defn: A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.

ZAMOUSE

Za*mouse”, n. Etym: [From a native name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A West African buffalo (Bubalus brachyceros) having short horns

depressed at the base, and large ears fringed internally with three

rows of long hairs. It is destitute of a dewlap. Called also short-

horned buffalo, and bush cow.

ZAMPOGNA

Zam*po”gna, n. Etym: [It.] (Mus.)

Defn: A sort of bagpipe formerly in use among Italian peasants. It is

now almost obsolete. [Written also zampugna.]

ZANDER

Zan”der, n. Etym: [Cf. D. zand sand.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the

wall-eye; — called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.

ZANDMOLE

Zand”mole`, n. Etym: [Cf. D. zand sand. See Sand, and Mole the

animal.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The sand mole.

ZANTE

Zan”te, n. (Bot.)

Defn: See Zantewood.

ZANTE CURRANT

Zan”te cur”rant.

Defn: A kind of seedless grape or raisin; — so called from Zante,

one of the Ionian Islands.

ZANTEWOOD

Zan”te*wood`, n. (Bot.)

(a) A yellow dyewood; fustet; — called also zante, and zante fustic.

See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic.

(b) Satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).

ZANTIOT

Zan”ti*ot, n.

Defn: A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.

ZANY

Za”ny, n.; pl. Zanies. Etym: [It. zanni a buffoon, merry-andrew,

orig. same as Giovanni John, i. e., merry John, L. Ioannes, Gr.

Yokhanan, prop., the Lord graciously gave: cf. F. zani, fr. the

Italian. Cf. Jenneting.]

Defn: A merry-andrew; a buffoon.

Then write that I may follow, and so be Thy echo, thy debtor, thy

foil, thy zany. Donne.

Preacher at once, and zany of thy age. Pope.

ZANY

Za”ny, v. t.

Defn: To mimic. [Obs.]

Your part is acted; give me leave at distance To zany it. Massinger.

ZANYISM

Za”ny*ism, n.

Defn: State or character of a zany; buffoonery. Coleridge. H. Morley.

ZAPAS

Za*pas”, n. [Russ.]

Defn: See Army organization, above.

ZAPATERA

Za`pa*te”ra, n. [Sp. aceituna zapatera.] (Olive trade)

Defn: A cured olive which has spoiled or is on the verge of

decomposition; loosely, an olive defective because of bruises,

wormholes, or the like.

ZAPHARA

Zaph”a*ra, n.

Defn: Zaffer.

ZAPHRENTIS

Za*phren”tis, n. Etym: [NL.] (Paleon.)

Defn: An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the

Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with

a deep pit in one side of the cup.

ZAPOTILLA

Zap`o*til”la, n. (Bot.)

Defn: See Sapodilla.

ZAPTIAH

Zap”ti*ah, n.

Defn: A Turkish policeman. [Written also zaptieh.]

ZARATHUSTRIAN; ZARATHUSTRIC

Zar`a*thus”tri*an, Zar`a*thus”tric, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian.

Tylor.

ZARATHUSTRISM

Zar`a*thus”trism, n.

Defn: See Zoroastrianism.

ZARATITE

Zar”a*tite, n. (Min.) Etym: [Named after Gen. Zarata of Spain.]

Defn: A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green

incrustation on chromite; — called also emerald nickel.

ZAREBA

Za*re”ba, n. (Mil.)

Defn: An improvised stockade; especially, one made of thorn bushes,

etc. [Written also zareeba, and zeriba.] [Egypt]

“Ah,” he moralizes, “what wonderful instinct on the part of this

little creature to surround itself with a zareba like the troops

after Osman Digma.” R. Jefferies.

ZARF

Zarf, n. [Ar.] (Art)

Defn: A metallic cuplike stand used for holding a finjan.

ZARNICH

Zar”nich, n. Etym: [F., fr. Ar. az-zernikh, fr. Gr. Arsenic.] (Min.)

Defn: Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar,

and orpiment.

ZARTHE; ZAERTHE

Zär”the, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A European bream (Abramis vimba). [Written also zaerthe.]

ZASTRUGI

Zas*tru”gi, n. pl.; sing. -ga (#). [Russ. zastruga furrow made on the

shore by water.]

Defn: Grooves or furrows formed in snow by the action of the wind,

and running parallel with the direction of the wind. This formation

results from the erosion of transverse waves previously formed.

ZATI

Za”ti, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A species of macaque (Macacus pileatus) native of India and

Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and tuft of radiating

hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped macaque.

ZAUSCHNERIA

Zau*schne”ri*a, n. Etym: [NL., named for M. Zauschner, a Bohemian

botanist.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica is a

suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling those

of the garden fuchsia.

ZAX

Zax, n.

Defn: A tool for trimming and puncturing roofing states. [Written

also sax.]

ZAYAT

Za”yat, n.

Defn: A public shed, or portico, for travelers, worshipers, etc.

[Burmah]

ZEA

Ze”a, n. Etym: [L., a kind of grain, fr. Gr. yava barley.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn (Zea Mays) is

the only species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize.

ZEAL

Zeal, n. Etym: [F. zèle; cf. Pg. & It. zelo, Sp. zelo, celo; from L.

zelus, Gr. Yeast, Jealous.]

1. Passionate ardor in the pursuit of anything; eagerness in favor of

a person or cause; ardent and active interest; engagedness;

enthusiasm; fervor. “Ambition varnished o’er with zeal.” Milton.

“Zeal, the blind conductor of the will.” Dryden. “Zeal’s never-dying

fire.” Keble.

I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to

knowledge. Rom. x. 2.

A zeal for liberty is sometimes an eagerness to subvert with little

care what shall be established. Johnson.

2. A zealot. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

ZEAL

Zeal, v. i.

Defn: To be zealous. [Obs. & R.] Bacon.

ZEALANT

Zeal”ant, n.

Defn: One who is zealous; a zealot; an enthusiast. [Obs.]

To certain zealants, all speech of pacification is odious. Bacon.

ZEALED

Zealed, a.

Defn: Full of zeal; characterized by zeal. [Obs.] “Zealed religion.”

Beau. & Fl.

ZEALFUL

Zeal”ful, a.

Defn: Full of zeal. [R.] Sylvester.

ZEALLESS

Zeal”less, a.

Defn: Wanting zeal. Hammond.

ZEALOT

Zeal”ot, n. Etym: [F. zélote, L. zelotes, Gr. Zeal.]

Defn: One who is zealous; one who engages warmly in any cause, and

pursues his object with earnestness and ardor; especially, one who is

overzealous, or carried away by his zeal; one absorbed in devotion to

anything; an enthusiast; a fanatical partisan.

Zealots for the one [tradition] were in hostile array against zealots

for the other. Sir J. Stephen.

In Ayrshire, Clydesdale, Nithisdale, Annandale, every parish was

visited by these turbulent zealots. Macaulay.

ZEALOTICAL

Zea*lot”ic*al, a.

Defn: Like, or suitable to, a zealot; ardently zealous. [R.] Strype.

ZEALOTISM

Zeal”ot*ism, n.

Defn: The character or conduct of a zealot; zealotry.

ZEALOTIST

Zeal”ot*ist, n.

Defn: A zealot. [Obs.] Howell.

ZEALOTRY

Zeal”ot*ry, n.

Defn: The character and behavior of a zealot; excess of zeal;

fanatical devotion to a cause.

Enthusiasm, visionariness, seems the tendency of the German; zeal,

zealotry, of the English; fanaticism, of the French. Coleridge.

ZEALOUS

Zeal”ous, a. Etym: [LL. zelosus. See Zeal.]

1. Filled with, or characterized by, zeal; warmly engaged, or ardent,

in behalf of an object.

He may be zealous in the salvation of souls. Law.

2. Filled with religious zeal. [Obs.] Shak.

 — Zeal”ous*ly, adv.

 — Zeal”ous*ness, n.

ZEBEC

Ze”bec, n. (Naut.)

Defn: See Xebec.

ZEBRA

Ze”bra, n. Etym: [Pg. zebra; cf. Sp. cebra; probably from a native

African name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Either one of two species of South African wild horses

remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white, and

conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands.

Note: The true or mountain zebra (Equus, or Asinus, zebra) is nearly

white, and the bands which cover the body and legs are glossy black.

Its tail has a tuft of black hair at the tip. It inhabits the

mountains of Central and Southern Africa, and is noted for its

wariness and wildness, as well as for its swiftness. The second

species (Equus, or Asinus, Burchellii), known as Burchell’s zebra,

and dauw, inhabits the grassy plains of South Africa, and differs

from the preceding in not having dark bands on the legs, while those

on the body are more irregular. It has a long tail, covered with long

white flowing hair. Zebra caterpillar, the larva of an American

noctuid moth (Mamestra picta). It is light yellow, with a broad black

stripe on the back and one on each side; the lateral stripes are

crossed with withe lines. It feeds on cabbages, beets, clover, and

other cultivated plants.

 — Zebra opossum, the zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

 — Zebra parrakeet, an Australian grass parrakeet, often kept as a

cage bird. Its upper parts are mostly pale greenish yellow,

transversely barred with brownish black crescents; the under parts,

rump, and upper tail coverts, are bright green; two central tail

feathers and the cheek patches are blue. Called also canary parrot,

scallop parrot, shell parrot, and undulated parrot.

 — Zebra poison (Bot.), a poisonous tree (Euphorbia arborea) of the

Spurge family, found in South Africa. Its milky juice is so poisonous

that zebras have been killed by drinking water in which its branches

had been placed, and it is also used as an arrow poison. J. Smith

(Dict. Econ. Plants).

 — Zebra shark. Same as Tiger shark, under Tiger.

 — Zebra spider, a hunting spider.

 — Zebra swallowtail, a very large North American swallow-tailed

butterfly (Iphiclides ajax), in which the wings are yellow, barred

with black; — called also ajax.

 — Zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

ZEBRAWOOD

Ze”bra*wood`, n.

(a) A kind of cabinet wood having beautiful black, brown, and whitish

stripes, the timber of a tropical American tree (Connarus

Guianensis).

(b) The wood of a small West Indian myrtaceous tree (Eugenia

fragrans).

(c) The wood of an East Indian tree of the genus Guettarda.

ZEBRINE

Ze”brine, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, the zebra.

ZEBRINNY

Ze*brin”ny, n.; pl. -nies.

Defn: A cross between a male horse and a female zebra.

ZEBRULA; ZEBRULE

Ze”bru*la, Ze”brule, n.

Defn: A cross between a male zebra and a female horse.

ZEBU

Ze”bu, n.

[zébu; of uncertain origin.]

(Zoöl.)

Defn: A bovine mammal (Ros Indicus) extensively domesticated in

India, China, the East Indies, and East Africa. It usually has short

horns, large pendulous ears, slender legs, a large dewlap, and a

large, prominent hump over the shoulders; but these characters vary

in different domestic breeds, which range in size from that of the

common ox to that of a large mastiff.

Note: Some of the varieties are used as beasts of burden, and some

fore for riding, while others are raised for their milk and flesh.

The Brahmin bull, regarded as sacred by the Hindoos, also belongs to

this species. The male is called also Indian bull, Indian ox, Madras

ox, and sacred bull.

ZEBUB

Ze”bub, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A large noxious fly of Abyssinia, which like the tsetse fly, is

destructive to cattle.

ZECHIN

Ze”chin, n.

Defn: See Sequin.

ZECHSTEIN

Zech”stein`, n. Etym: [Gr., fr. zeche a mine + stein a stone.]

(Geol.)

Defn: The upper division of the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The

prevailing rock is a magnesian limestone.

ZED

Zed, n. Etym: [F., probably through It. zeta, fr. L. zeta. See Zeta.]

Defn: The letter Z; — called also zee, and formerly izzard. “Zed,

thou unnecessary letter!” Shak.

ZEDOARY

Zed”o*a*ry, n. Etym: [F. zédoaire, LL. zedoaria; cf. It. zedoaria,

zettovario, Pg. zedoaria, Sp. zedoaria, cedoaria; all fr. Ar. & Per.

zedw.] (Med.)

Defn: A medicinal substance obtained in the East Indian, having a

fragrant smell, and a warm, bitter, aromatic taste. It is used in

medicine as a stimulant.

Note: It is the rhizome of different species of Curcuma, esp. C.

zedoaria, and comes in short, firm pieces, externally of a wrinkled

gray, ash-colored appearance, but within of a brownish red color.

There are two kinds, round zedoary, and long zedoary.

ZEEKOE

Zee”koe, n. Etym: [D., sea cow, lake cow.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A hippopotamus.

ZEEMAN EFFECT

Zee”man ef*fect”. (Physics)

Defn: The widening and duplication, triplication, etc., of spectral

lines when the radiations emanate in a strong magnetic field, first

observed in 1896 by P. Zeeman, a Dutch physicist, and regarded as an

important confirmation of the electromagnetic theory of light.

ZEHNER

Zeh”ner, n. Etym: [G.]

Defn: An Austrian silver coin equal to ten kreutzers, or about five

cents.

ZEIN

Ze”in, n. Etym: [Cf. F. zé\’8bne. See Zea.] (Chem.)

Defn: A nitrogenous substance of the nature of gluten, obtained from

the seeds of Indian corn (Zea) as a soft, yellowish, amorphous

substance. [Formerly written zeine.]

ZEITGEIST

Zeit”geist`, n. [G.; zeit time + geist spirit. See Tide, n.; Ghost,

n.]

Defn: The spirit of the time; the general intellectual and moral

state or temper characteristic of any period of time.

ZEMINDAR

Zem`in*dar”, n.

Defn: Same as Zamindar.

ZEMINDARY; ZEMINDARI

Zem”in*da*ry, Zem”in*da*ri, n.

Defn: Same as Zamindary.

ZEMNI

Zem”ni, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The blind mole rat (Spalax typhlus), native of Eastern Europe

and Asia. Its eyes and ears are rudimentary, and its fur is soft and

brownish, more or less tinged with gray. It constructs extensive

burrows.

ZEMSTVO

Zem”stvo, n. [Russ., fr. zemlya land.]

Defn: In Russia, an elective local district and provincial

administrative assembly. Originally it was composed of

representatives elected by the peasantry, the householders of the

towns, and the landed proprietors. In the reign of Alexander III. the

power of the noble landowners was increased, the peasants allowed

only to elect candidates from whom the governor of the province

nominated the deputy, and all acts of the zemstvo subjected to the

approval of the governor. Theoretically the zemstvo has large powers

relating to taxation, education, public health, etc., but practically

these powers are in most cases limited to the adjustment of the state

taxation.

ZENANA

Ze*na”na, n. Etym: [Hind. zenana, zanana, fr. Per. zanana, fr. zan

woman; akin to E. queen.]

Defn: The part of a dwelling appropriated to women. [India]

ZEND

Zend, n. Etym: [See Zend-Avesta.]

Defn: Properly, the translation and exposition in the Huzvâresh, or

literary Pehlevi, language, of the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred

writings; as commonly used, the language (an ancient Persian dialect)

in which the Avesta is written.

ZEND-AVESTA

Zend`-A*ves”ta, n. Etym: [Properly, the Avesta, or sacred text, and

its zend, or interpretation, in a more modern and intelligible

language. W. D. Whitney.]

Defn: The sacred writings of the ancient Persian religion, attributed

to Zoroaster, but chiefly of a later date.

ZENDIK

Zen”dik, n. Etym: [Ar. zandik.]

Defn: An atheist or unbeliever; — name given in the East to those

charged with disbelief of any revealed religion, or accused of

magical heresies.

ZENICK

Ze”nick, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A South African burrowing mammal (Suricata tetradactyla),

allied to the civets. It is grayish brown, with yellowish transverse

stripes on the back. Called also suricat.

ZENIK

Ze”nik, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Zenick.

ZENITH

Ze”nith, n. Etym: [OE. senyth, OF. cenith, F. zénith, Sp. zenit,

cenit, abbrev. fr. Ar. samt-urras way of the head, vertical place;

samt way, path + al the + ras head. Cf. Azimuth.]

1. That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical

to the spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; —

opposed to nadir.

From morn To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, A summer’s day; and

with the setting sun Dropped from the zenith, like a falling star.

Milton.

2. hence, figuratively, the point of culmination; the greatest

height; the height of success or prosperity.

I find my zenith doth depend upon A most auspicious star. Shak.

This dead of midnight is the noon of thought, And wisdom mounts her

zenith with the stars. Mrs. Barbauld.

It was during those civil troubles . . . this aspiring family reached

the zenith. Macaulay.

Zenith distance. (Astron.) See under Distance.

 — Zenith sector. (Astron.) See Sector, 3.

 — Zenith telescope (Geodesy), a telescope specially designed for

determining the latitude by means of any two stars which pass the

meridian about the same time, and at nearly equal distances from the

zenith, but on opposite sides of it. It turns both on a vertical and

a horizontal axis, is provided with a graduated vertical semicircle,

and a level for setting it to a given zenith distance, and with a

micrometer for measuring the difference of the zenith distances of

the two stars.

ZENITHAL

Ze”nith*al, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to the zenith. “The deep zenithal blue.”

Tyndall.

ZEOLITE

Ze”o*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite: cf. F. zéolithe.] (Min.)

Defn: A term now used to designate any one of a family of minerals,

hydrous silicates of alumina, with lime, soda, potash, or rarely

baryta. Here are included natrolite, stilbite, analcime, chabazite,

thomsonite, heulandite, and others. These species occur of secondary

origin in the cavities of amygdaloid, basalt, and lava, also, less

frequently, in granite and gneiss. So called because many of these

species intumesce before the blowpipe. Needle zeolite, needlestone;

natrolite.

ZEOLITIC

Ze`o*lit”ic, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to a zeolite; consisting of, or resembling, a

zeolite.

ZEOLITIFORM

Ze`o*lit”i*form, a.

Defn: Having the form of a zeolite.

ZEPHYR

Zeph”yr, n. Etym: [L. zephyrus, Gr. zéphyr.]

Defn: The west wind; poetically, any soft, gentle breeze. “Soft the

zephyr blows.” Gray.

As gentle As zephyrs blowing below the violet. Shak.

Zephyr cloth, a thin kind of cassimere made in Belgium; also, a

waterproof fabric of wool.

 — Zephyr shawl, a kind of thin, light, embroidered shawl made of

worsted and cotton.

 — Zephyr yarn, or worsted, a fine, soft kind of yarn or worsted, —

used for knitting and embroidery.

ZEPHYRUS

Zeph”y*rus, n. Etym: [L. See Zephyr.]

Defn: The west wind, or zephyr; — usually personified, and made the

most mild and gentle of all the sylvan deities.

Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. Milton.

ZEPPELIN

Zep`pe*lin” (tsep`pe*le”; Angl. zep”pe*lin), n.

Defn: A dirigible balloon of the rigid type, consisting of a

cylindrical trussed and covered frame supported by internal gas

cells, and provided with means of propulsion and  control. It was

first successfully used by Ferdinand Count von Zeppelin.

ZEQUIN

Ze”quin, n.

Defn: See Sequin.

ZERDA

Zer”da, n. Etym: [Of African origin.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The fennec.

ZERIBA

Ze*ri”ba, n. (Mil.)

Defn: Same as Zareba.

ZERO

Ze”ro, n; pl. Zeros or Zeroes. Etym: [F. zéro, from Ar. çafrun,

çifrun, empty, a cipher. Cf. Cipher.]

1. (Arith.)

Defn: A cipher; nothing; naught.

2. The point from which the graduation of a scale, as of a

thermometer, commences.

Note: Zero in the Centigrade, or Celsius thermometer, and in the

Réaumur thermometer, is at the point at which water congeals. The

zero of the Fahrenheit thermometer is fixed at the point at which the

mercury stands when immersed in a mixture of snow and common salt. In

Wedgwood’s pyrometer, the zero corresponds with 1077° on the

Fahrenheit scale. See Illust. of Thermometer.

3. Fig.: The lowest point; the point of exhaustion; as, his patience

had nearly reached zero. Absolute zero. See under Absolute.

 — Zero method (Physics), a method of comparing, or measuring,

forces, electric currents, etc., by so opposing them that the pointer

of an indicating apparatus, or the needle of a galvanometer, remains

at, or is brought to, zero, as contrasted with methods in which the

deflection is observed directly; — called also null method.

 — Zero point, the point indicating zero, or the commencement of a

scale or reckoning.

ZEST

Zest, n. Etym: [F. zeste, probably fr. L. schistos split, cleft,

divided, Gr. Schism.]

1. A piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be

squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc.

2. Hence, something that gives or enhances a pleasant taste, or the

taste itself; an appetizer; also, keen enjoyment; relish; gusto.

Almighty Vanity! to thee they owe Their zest of pleasure, and their

balm of woe. Young.

Liberality of disposition and conduct gives the highest zest and

relish to social intercourse. Gogan.

3. The woody, thick skin inclosing the kernel of a walnut. [Obs.]

ZEST

Zest, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zested; p. pr. & vb. n. Zesting.]

1. To cut into thin slips, as the peel of an orange, lemon, etc.; to

squeeze, as peel, over the surface of anything.

2. To give a relish or flavor to; to heighten the taste or relish of;

as, to zest wine. Gibber.

ZETA

Ze”ta, n. Etym: [L., from Gr. Zed.]

Defn: A Greek letter [z] corresponding to our z.

ZETETIC

Ze*tet”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. zététique.]

Defn: Seeking; proceeding by inquiry. Zetetic method (Math.), the

method used for finding the value of unknown quantities by direct

search, in investigation, or in the solution of problems. [R.]

Hutton.

ZETETIC

Ze*tet”ic, n.

Defn: A seeker; — a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.

ZETETICS

Ze*tet”ics, n. Etym: [See Zetetic, a.] (Math.)

Defn: A branch of algebra which relates to the direct search for

unknown quantities. [R.]

ZEUGLODON

Zeu”glo*don, n. Etym: [Gr. (Paleon.)

Defn: A genus of extinct Eocene whales, remains of which have been

found in the Gulf States. The species had very long and slender

bodies and broad serrated teeth. See Phocodontia.

ZEUGLODONT

Zeu”glo*dont, (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any species of Zeuglodonta.

ZEUGLODONTA

Zeu`glo*don”ta, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Phocodontia.

ZEUGMA

Zeug”ma, n. Etym: [L., from Gr. Yoke.] (Gram.)

Defn: A figure by which an adjective or verb, which agrees with a

nearer word, is, by way of supplement, referred also to another more

remote; as, “hic illius arma, hic currus fuit;” where fuit, which

agrees directly with currus, is referred also to arma.

ZEUGMATIC

Zeug*mat”ic, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to zeugma; characterized by zeugma.

ZEUGOBRANCHIATA

Zeu`go*bran`chi*a”ta, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Zygobranchia.

ZEUS

Zeus, n. (Gr. Myth.)

Defn: The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of the upper world

(cf. Hades). He was identified with Jupiter.

ZEUZERIAN

Zeu*ze”ri*an, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of a group of bombycid moths of which the genus Zeuzera

is the type. Some of these moths are of large size. The goat moth is

an example.

ZEYLANITE

Zey”lan*ite, n. (Min.)

Defn: See Ceylanite.

ZIBET; ZIBETH

Zib”et, Zib”eth, n. Etym: [Cf. It. zibetto. See Civet.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A carnivorous mammal (Viverra zibetha) closely allied to the

civet, from which it differs in having the spots on the body less

distinct, the throat whiter, and the black rings on the tail more

numerous.

Note: It inhabits India, Southern China, and the East Indies. It

yields a perfume similar to that of the civet. It is often

domesticated by the natives, and then serves the same purposes as the

domestic cat. Called also Asiatic, or Indian, civet.

ZIEGA

Zie”ga, n.

Defn: Curd produced from milk by adding acetic acid, after rennet has

ceased to cause coagulation. Brande & C.

ZIETRISIKITE

Zie`tri*si”kite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A mineral wax, vert similar to ozocerite. It is found at

Zietrisika, Moldavia, whence its name.

ZIF

Zif, n. Etym: [Heb. ziv.]

Defn: The second month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year,

corresponding to our May.

ZIGGER; ZIGHYR

Zig”ger, Zig”hyr, v. i. (Mining)

Defn: Same as Sicker. [Prov. Eng.] Raymond.

ZIGZAG

Zig”zag`, n. Etym: [F. zigzag, G. zickzack, from zacke, zacken, a

dentil, tooth. Cf. Tack a small nail.]

1. Something that has short turns or angles.

The fanatics going straight forward and openly, the politicians by

the surer mode of zigzag. Burke.

2. (Arch.)

Defn: A molding running in a zigzag line; a chevron, or series of

chevrons. See Illust. of Chevron, 3.

3. (Fort.)

Defn: See Boyau.

ZIGZAG

Zig”zag`, a.

Defn: Having short, sharp turns; running this way and that in an

onward course.

ZIGZAG

Zig”zag`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zigzagged; p. pr. & vb. n. Zigzagging.]

Defn: To form with short turns.

ZIGZAG

Zig”zag`, v. i.

Defn: To move in a zigzag manner; also, to have a zigzag shape. R.

Browning.

ZIGZAGGERY

Zig”zag`ger*y, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being zigzag; crookedness. [R.]

The . . . zigzaggery of my father’s approaches. Sterne.

ZIGZAGGY

Zig”zag`gy, a.

Defn: Having sharp turns. Barham.

ZIKKURAT

Zik”ku*rat, n.

Defn: A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a

lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside

staircases, and a shrine at the top.

ZILLA

Zil”la, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A low, thorny, suffrutescent, crucifeous plant (Zilla

myagroides) found in the deserts of Egypt. Its leaves are boiled in

water, and eaten, by the Arabs.

ZILLAH

Zil”lah, n. Etym: [Ar. zila.]

Defn: A district or local division, as of a province. [India]

ZIMB

Zimb, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A large, venomous, two-winged fly, native of Abyssinia. It is

allied to the tsetse fly, and, like the latter, is destructive to

cattle.

ZIMENT-WATER

Zim”ent-wa`ter, n. Etym: [G. cement-wasser. See Cement.]

Defn: A kind of water found in copper mines; water impregnated with

copper.

ZIMOCCA

Zi*moc”ca, n.

Defn: A sponge (Euspongia zimocca) of flat form and fine quality,

from the Adriatic, about the Greek islands, and the coast of Barbary.

ZINC

Zinc, n. Etym: [G. zinc, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from

the German. Cf. Tin.] (Chem.)

Defn: An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted

principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and

franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is

malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist

air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It

is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also

largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic weight 64.9

[Formerly written also zink.] Butter of zinc (Old Chem.), zinc

chloride, ZnCl2, a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance.

 — Oxide of zinc. (Chem.) See Zinc oxide, below.

 — Zinc amine (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, Zn(NH2)2,

obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; — called also zinc

amide.

 — Zinc amyle (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of

zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes,

and absorbs oxygen with rapidity.

 — Zinc blende Etym: [cf. G. zinkblende] (Min.), a native zinc

sulphide. See Blende, n. (a) — Zinc bloom Etym: [cf. G. zinkblumen

flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.), hydrous carbonate of zinc,

usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; — called also

hydrozincite.

 — Zinc ethyl (Chem.), a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid,

composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on

exposure to the atmosphere.

 — Zinc green, a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides;

— called also Rinmann’s green.

 — Zinc methyl (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid Zn(CH3)2, produced

by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a

disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It

has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds,

and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc

ethyl, zinc amyle, etc.

 — Zinc oxide (Chem.), the oxide of zinc, ZnO, forming a light

fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; — called also flowers of zinc,

philosopher’s wool, nihil album, etc. The impure oxide produced by

burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called

also pompholyx, and tutty.

 — Zinc spinel (Min.), a mineral, related to spinel, consisting

essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite.

 — Zinc vitriol (Chem.), zinc sulphate. See White vitriol, under

Vitriol.

 — Zinc white, a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a

pigment.

ZINC

Zinc, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zincked or Zinced (; p. pr. & vb. n.

Zincking or Zincing (.]

Defn: To coat with zinc; to galvanize.

ZINCANE

Zinc”ane, n. (Chem.)

Defn: Zinc chloride. [Obs.]

ZINCIC

Zinc”ic, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zinc; zincous.

ZINCIDE

Zinc”ide, n.

Defn: A binary compound of zinc. [R.]

ZINCIFEROUS

Zinc*if”er*ous, a. Etym: [Zinc + -ferous.]

Defn: Containing or affording zinc.

ZINCIFICATION

Zinc`i*fi*ca”tion, n.

Defn: The act or process of applying zinc; the condition of being

zincified, or covered with zinc; galvanization.

ZINCIFY

Zinc”i*fy, v. t. Etym: [Zinc + -fy.] (Metal.)

Defn: To coat or impregnate with zinc.

ZINCITE

Zinc”ite, n. (Min.)

Defn: Native zinc oxide; a brittle, translucent mineral, of an

orange-red color; — called also red zinc ore, and red oxide of zinc.

ZINCKING; ZINCING

Zinck”ing, or Zinc”ing, n. (Metal.)

Defn: The act or process of applying zinc; galvanization.

ZINCKY

Zinck”y

Defn: , Pertaining to zinc, or having its appearance. [Written also

zinky.]

ZINCO-

Zin”co-.

Defn: A combining form from zinc; in chemistry, designating zinc as

an element of certain double compounds. Also used adjectively.

ZINCODE

Zinc”ode, n. Etym: [Zinc + -ode, as in electrode.] (Elec.)

Defn: The positive electrode of an electrolytic cell; anode. [R.]

Miller.

ZINCOGRAPH

Zin”co*graph, n.

Defn: A zinc plate prepared for printing by zincography; also, a

print from such a plate.

ZINCOGRAPHER

Zin*cog”ra*pher, n.

Defn: Am engraver on zinc.

ZINCOGRAPHIC; ZINCOGRAPHICAL

Zin`co*graph”ic, Zin`co*graph”ic*al, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to zincography; as, zincographic processes.

ZINCOGRAPHY

Zin*cog”ra*phy, n. Etym: [Zinco- + -graphy.]

Defn: The art or process of engraving or etching on zinc, in which

the design is left in relief in the style of a wood cut, the rest of

the ground being eaten away by acid.

ZINCOID

Zinc”oid, a. Etym: [Zinc + -oid.]

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; — said of the electricity

of the zincous plate in connection with a copper plate in a voltaic

circle; also, designating the positive pole. [Obs.]

ZINCO-POLAR

Zin`co-po”lar, a. Etym: [Zinco- + polar.] (Elec.)

Defn: Electrically polarized like the surface of the zinc presented

to the acid in a battery, which has zincous affinity. [Obs.]

ZINCOUS

Zinc”ous, a.

1. (Chem.)

(a) Of, pertaining to, or containing, zinc; zincic; as, zincous

salts.

(b) Hence, formerly, basic, basylous, as opposed to chlorous.

2. (Physics)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the positive pole of a galvanic battery;

electro-positive.

ZINGARO

Zin”ga*ro, n.; pl. Zingari. Etym: [It.]

Defn: A gypsy.

ZINGEL

Zing”el, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A small, edible, freshwater European perch (Aspro zingel),

having a round, elongated body and prominent snout.

ZINGIBERACEOUS

Zin`gi*ber*a”ceous, a. Etym: [L. zingiber ginger. See Ginger.] (Bot.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to ginger, or to a tribe (Zingibereæ) of

endogenous plants of the order Scitamineæ. See Scitamineous.

ZINK

Zink, n. (Chem.)

Defn: See Zinc. [Obs.]

ZINKENITE

Zink”en*ite, n. Etym: [From Zinken, director at one time of the

Hanoverian mines.] (Min.)

Defn: A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.

ZINKY

Zink”y, a.

Defn: See Zincky. Kirwan.

ZINNIA

Zin”ni*a, n. Etym: [NL. So called after Professor Zinn, of

Göttingen.] (Bot.)

Defn: Any plant of the composite genus Zinnia, Mexican herbs with

opposite leaves and large gay-colored blossoms. Zinnia elegans is the

commonest species in cultivation.

ZINNWALDITE

Zinn”wald*ite, n. Etym: [So called after Zinnwald, in Bohemia, where

it occurs.] (Min.)

Defn: A kind of mica containing lithium, often associated with tin

ore.

ZINSANG

Zin”sang, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The delundung.

ZINZIBERACEOUS

Zin`zi*ber*a”ceous, a. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Zingiberaceous.

ZION

Zi”on, n. Etym: [Heb. tsiy, originally, a hill.]

1. (Jewish Antiq.)

Defn: A hill in Jerusalem, which, after the capture of that city by

the Israelites, became the royal residence of David and his

successors.

2. Hence, the theocracy, or church of God.

3. The heavenly Jerusalem; heaven.

ZIONISM

Zi”on*ism, n.  [Zion + -ism.]

Defn: Among the Jews, a theory, plan, or movement for colonizing

their own race in Palestine, the land of Zion, or, if that is

impracticable, elsewhere, either for religious or nationalizing

purposes; — called also Zion movement. –Zi”on*ist, n. —

Zi`on*is”tic (#), a.

ZIP

Zip, n. [Imitative.]

Defn: A hissing or sibilant sound such as that made by a flying

bullet.

ZIP

Zip, v. i.

Defn: To make, or move with, such a sound.

ZIPHIOID

Ziph”i*oid, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Xiphioid.

ZIRCO-

Zir”co-. (Chem.)

Defn: A combining form (also used adjectively) designating zirconium

as an element of certain double compounds; zircono-; as in

zircofluoric acid, sodium zircofluoride.

ZIRCOFLUORIDE

Zir`co*flu”or*ide, n. (Chem.)

Defn: A double fluoride of zirconium and hydrogen, or some other

positive element or radical; as, zircofluoride of sodium.

ZIRCON

Zir”con, n. Etym: [F., the same word as jargon. See Jargon a variety

of zircon.] (Min.)

Defn: A mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually of a brown

or gray color. It consists of silica and zirconia. A red variety,

used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Colorless, pale-yellow or smoky-

brown varieties from Ceylon are called jargon. Zircon syenite, a

coarse-grained syenite containing zircon crystals and often also

elæolite. It is largely developed in Southern Norway.

ZIRCONA

Zir”co*na, n. Etym: [NL.] (Chem.)

Defn: Zirconia.

ZIRCONATE

Zir”con*ate, n. (Chem.)

Defn: A salt of zirconic acid.

ZIRCONIA

Zir*co”ni*a, n. Etym: [NL.] (Chem.)

Defn: The oxide of zirconium, obtained as a white powder, and

possessing both acid and basic properties. On account of its

infusibility, and brilliant luminosity when incandescent, it is used

as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd light.

ZIRCONIC

Zir*con”ic, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zirconium; as,

zirconic oxide; zirconic compounds. Zirconic acid, an acid of

zirconium analogous to carbonic and silicic acids, known only in its

salts.

ZIRCONIUM

Zir*co”ni*um, n. Etym: [NL.] (Chem.)

Defn: A rare element of the carbon-silicon group, intermediate

between the metals and nonmetals, obtained from the mineral zircon as

a dark sooty powder, or as a gray metallic crystalline substance.

Symbol Zr. Atomic weight, 90.4.

ZIRCON LIGHT

Zir”con light. (Physics)

Defn: A light, similar to the calcium light, produced by incandescent

zirconia.

ZIRCONO

Zir”co*no.

Defn: See Zirco-.

ZIRCONOID

Zir”con*oid, n. Etym: [Zircon + oid.] (Crystallog.)

Defn: A double eight-sided pyramid, a form common with tetragonal

crystals; — so called because this form often occurs in crystals of

zircon.

ZITHER

Zith”er, n. Etym: [G. zither. See Cittern.] (Mus.)

Defn: An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from

thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which

lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both

hands in playing on it.

Note: [Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped cittern, or

cithern.]

ZITTERN

Zit”tern, n. (Min.)

Defn: See Cittern.

ZIZANIA

Zi*za”ni*a, n. Etym: [NL., from L. zizanium darnel, cockle, Gr.

(Bot.)

Defn: A genus of grasses including Indian rice. See Indian rice,

under Rice.

ZIZEL

Ziz”el, n. Etym: [G. ziesel.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The suslik. [Written also zisel.]

ZIZITH

Zi”zith, n. pl. [Heb. tsitsith.]

Defn: The tassels of twisted cords or threads on the corners of the

upper garment worn by strict Jews. The Hebrew for this word is

translated in both the Authorized and Revised Versions (Deut. xxii.

12) by the word “fringes.”

ZOANTHACEA

Zo`an*tha”ce*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A suborder of Actinaria, including Zoanthus and allied genera,

which are permanently attached by their bases.

ZOANTHARIA

Zo`an*tha”ri*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Anthozoa.

ZOANTHARIAN

Zo`an*tha”ri*an, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the Zoantharia.

 — n.

Defn: One of the Anthozoa.

ZOANTHODEME

Zo*an”tho*deme, n. Etym: [See Zoantharia, and Deme.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The zooids of a compound anthozoan, collectively.

ZOANTHOID

Zo*an”thoid, a. Etym: [See Zoantharia, and -oid.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the Zoanthacea.

ZOANTHROPY

Zo*an”thro*py, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.)

Defn: A kind of monomania in which the patient believes himself

transformed into one of the lower animals.

ZOANTHUS

Zo*an”thus, n. Etym: [NL. See Zoantharia.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A genus of Actinaria, including numerous species, found mostly

in tropical seas. The zooids or polyps resemble small, elongated

actinias united together at their bases by fleshy stolons, and thus

forming extensive groups. The tentacles are small and bright colored.

ZOBO

Zo”bo, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A kind of domestic cattle reared in Asia for its flesh and

milk. It is supposed to be a hybrid between the zebu and the yak.

ZOCCO; ZOCCOLO

Zoc”co, Zoc”co*lo, n. Etym: [It. fr. L. socculus. See Socle, and cf.

Zacco.] (Arch.)

Defn: Same as Socle.

ZOCLE

Zo”cle, n. (Arch.)

Defn: Same as Socle.

ZODIAC

Zo”di*ac, n. Etym: [F. zodiaque (cf. It. zodiaco), fr. L. zodiacus,

Gr.

1. (Astron.)

(a) An imaginary belt in the heavens, 16º or 18º broad, in the middle

of which is the ecliptic, or sun’s path. It comprises the twelve

constellations, which one constituted, and from which were named, the

twelve signs of the zodiac.

(b) A figure representing the signs, symbols, and constellations of

the zodiac.

2. A girdle; a belt. [Poetic & R.]

By his side, As in a glistering zodiac, hung the sword. Milton.

ZODIACAL

Zo*di”a*cal, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zodiacal.] (Astron.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the zodiac; situated within the zodiac; as,

the zodiacal planets. Zodiacal light, a luminous tract of the sky, of

an elongated, triangular figure, lying near the ecliptic, its base

being on the horizon, and its apex at varying altitudes. It is to be

seen only in the evening, after twilight, and in the morning before

dawn. It is supposed to be due to sunlight reflected from multitudes

of meteoroids revolving about the sun nearly in the plane of the

ecliptic.

ZOEA

Zo”ë*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A peculiar larval stage of certain decapod Crustacea,

especially of crabs and certain Anomura. [Written also zoæa.]

Note: In this stage the anterior part of the body is relatively

large, and usually bears three or four long spines. The years are

conspicuous, and the antennæ and jaws are long, fringed organs used

in swimming. The thoracic legs are undeveloped or rudimentary, the

abdomen long, slender, and often without appendages. The zoëa, after

casting its shell, changes to a megalops.

ZOETROPE

Zo”e*trope, n. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: An optical toy, in which figures made to revolve on the inside

of a cylinder, and viewed through slits in its circumference, appear

like a single figure passing through a series of natural motions as

if animated or mechanically moved.

ZOHAR

Zo”har, n. Etym: [Heb. z candor, splendor.]

Defn: A Jewish cabalistic book attributed by tradition to Rabbi Simon

ben Yochi, who lived about the end of the 1st century, a. d. Modern

critics believe it to be a compilation of the 13th century. Encyc.

Brit.

ZOIC

Zo”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to animals, or animal life.

ZOIDE

Zo”ide, n. (Biol.)

Defn: See Meride.

ZOILEAN

Zo*il”e*an, a.

Defn: Having the characteristic of Zoilus, a bitter, envious, unjust

critic, who lived about 270 years before Christ.

ZOILISM

Zo”i*lism, n.

Defn: Resemblance to Zoilus in style or manner; carping criticism;

detraction.

Bring candid eyes the perusal of men’s works, and let not Zoilism or

detraction blast well-intended labors. Sir T. Browne.

ZOISITE

Zois”ite, n. Etym: [After its discoverer, Von Zois, an Austrian

mineralogist.] (Min.)

Defn: A grayish or whitish mineral occurring in orthorhombic,

prismatic crystals, also in columnar masses. It is a silicate of

alumina and lime, and is allied to epidote.

ZOISM

Zo”ism, n. [Gr. zwh` life + -ism.]

1. Reverence for animal life or belief in animal powers and

influences, as among savages.

2.  (Biol.) A doctrine, now discarded, that the phenomena of life are

due to a peculiar vital principle; the theory of vital force.

ZOKOR

Zo”kor, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: An Asiatic burrowing rodent (Siphneus aspalax) resembling the

mole rat. It is native of the Altai Mountains.

ZOLAESQUE

Zo`la*esque”, a.

Defn: In the style of Zola (see Zolaism).

ZOLAISM

Zo”la*ism, n.

Defn: The literary theories and practices of the French novelist

Emile Zola (1840-1902); naturalism, esp. in a derogatory sense. —

Zo”la*ist, n. — Zo`la*is”tic (#), a. — Zo”la*ize (#), v.

ZOLLNER’S LINES

Zöll”ner’s lines`. [So called after Friedrich Zöllner, a German

physicist.]

Defn: Parallel lines that are made to appear convergent or divergent

by means of oblique intersections.

ZOLLVEREIN

Zoll”ve*rein`, n. Etym: [G., from zoll duty + verein union.]

Defn: Literally, a customs union; specifically, applied to the

several customs unions successively formed under the leadership of

Prussia among certain German states for establishing liberty of

commerce among themselves and common tariff on imports, exports, and

transit.

Note: In 1834 a zollverein was established which included most of the

principal German states except Austria. This was terminated by the

events of 1866, and in 1867 a more closely organized union was

formed, the administration of which was ultimately merged in that of

the new German empire, with which it nearly corresponds

territorially.

ZOMBORUK

Zom”bo*ruk, n. (Mil.)

Defn: See Zumbooruk.

ZONA

Zo”na, n.; pl. Zonæ. Etym: [L., a girdle. See Zone.]

Defn: A zone or band; a layer. Zona pellucida. Etym: [NL.] (Biol.)

(a) The outer transparent layer, or envelope, of the ovum. It is a

more or less elastic membrane with radiating striæ, and corresponds

to the cell wall of an ordinary cell. See Ovum, and Illust. of

Microscope. (b) The zona radiata.

 — Zona radiata Etym: [NL.] (Biol.), a radiately striated membrane

situated next the yolk of an ovum, or separated from it by a very

delicate membrane only.

ZONAL

Zon”al, a. Etym: [L. zonalis.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to a zone; having the form of a zone or zones.

Zonal equation (Crystallog.), the mathematical relation which belongs

to all the planes of a zone, and expresses their common position with

reference to the axes.

 — Zonal structure (Crystallog.), a structure characterized by the

arrangements of color, inclusions, etc., of a crystal in parallel or

concentric layers, which usually follow the outline of the crystal,

and mark the changes that have taken place during its growth.

 — Zonal symmetry. (Biol.) See the Note under Symmetry.

ZONAR

Zo”nar, n. Etym: [Mod. Gr. Zone.]

Defn: A belt or girdle which the Christians and Jews of the Levant

were obliged to wear to distinguish them from Mohammedans. [Written

also zonnar.]

ZONARIA

Zo*na”ri*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A division of Mammalia in which the placenta is zonelike.

ZONATE

Zon”ate, a. (Bot.)

Defn: Divided by parallel planes; as, zonate tetraspores, found in

certain red algæ.

ZONE

Zone, n. Etym: [F. zone, L. zona, Gr. j to gird, Zend yah.]

1. A girdle; a cincture. [Poetic]

An embroidered zone surrounds her waist. Dryden.

Loose were her tresses seen, her zone unbound. Collins.

2. (Geog.)

Defn: One of the five great divisions of the earth, with respect to

latitude and temperature.

Note: The zones are five: the torrid zone, extending from tropic to

tropic 46º 56min, or 23º 28min on each side of the equator; two

temperate or variable zones, situated between the tropics and the

polar circles; and two frigid zones, situated between the polar

circles and the poles.

Commerce . . . defies every wind, outrides every tempest, and

invades. Bancroft.

3. (Math.)

Defn: The portion of the surface of a sphere included between two

parallel planes; the portion of a surface of revolution included

between two planes perpendicular to the axis. Davies & Peck (Math.

Dict.)

4. (Nat. Hist.)

(a) A band or stripe extending around a body.

(b) A band or area of growth encircling anything; as, a zone of

evergreens on a mountain; the zone of animal or vegetable life in the

ocean around an island or a continent; the Alpine zone, that part of

mountains which is above the limit of tree growth.

5. (Crystallog.)

Defn: A series of planes having mutually parallel intersections.

6. Circuit; circumference. [R.] Milton. Abyssal zone. (Phys. Geog.)

See under Abyssal.

 — Zone axis (Crystallog.), a straight line passing through the

center of a crystal, to which all the planes of a given zone are

parallel.

ZONE

Zone, v. t.

Defn: To girdle; to encircle. [R.] Keats.

ZONED

Zoned, a.

1. Wearing a zone, or girdle. Pope.

2. Having zones, or concentric bands; striped.

3. (Bot.)

Defn: Zonate.

ZONELESS

Zone”less, a.

Defn: Not having a zone; ungirded.

The reeling goddess with the zoneless waist. Cowper.

In careless folds, loose fell her zoneless vest. Mason.

ZONNAR

Zon”nar, n.

Defn: See Zonar.

ZONULAR

Zon”u*lar, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to a zone; zone-shaped. “The zonular type of a

placenta.” Dana.

ZONULE

Zon”ule, n.

Defn: A little zone, or girdle.

ZONULET

Zon”u*let, n.

Defn: A zonule. Herrick.

ZONURE

Zon”ure, n. Etym: [Zone + Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several of South African lizards of the genus

Zonura, common in rocky situations.

ZOO-; ZOOE-

Zo”ö-.

Defn: A combining form from Gr. zwo^,n an animal, as in zoögenic,

zoölogy, etc.

ZOOCHEMICAL; ZOOECHEMICAL

Zo`ö*chem”ic*al, a.

Defn: Pertaining to zoöchemistry.

ZOOCHEMISTRY; ZOOECHEMISTRY

Zo`ö*chem”is*try, n. Etym: [Zoö- + chemistry.]

Defn: Animal chemistry; particularly, the description of the chemical

compounds entering into the composition of the animal body, in

distinction from biochemistry.

ZOOCHEMY; ZOOECHEMY

Zo*öch”e*my, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr.

Defn: Animal chemistry; zoöchemistry. Dunglison.

ZOOCHLORELLA; ZOOECHLORELLA

Zo`ö*chlo*rel”la, n. Etym: [NL., dim. from Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: One of the small green granulelike bodies found in the interior

of certain stentors, hydras, and other invertebrates.

ZOOCYST; ZOOECYST

Zo”ö*cyst, n. Etym: [Zoö- + cyst.] (Biol.)

Defn: A cyst formed by certain Protozoa and unicellular plants which

the contents divide into a large number of granules, each of which

becomes a germ.

ZOOCYTIUM; ZOOECYTIUM

Zo`ö*cy”ti*um, n.; pl. Zoöcytia. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The common support, often branched, of certain species of

social Infusoria.

ZOODENDRIUM; ZOOEDENDRIUM

Zo`ö*den”dri*um, n.; pl. Zoödendria. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The branched, and often treelike, support of the colonies of

certain Infusoria.

ZOOECIUM

Zo*oe”ci*um, n.; pl. Zooecia. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: One of the cells or tubes which inclose the feeling zooids of

Bryozoa. See Illust. of Sea Moss.

ZOOERYTHRINE; ZOOEERYTHRINE

Zo`ö*e*ryth”rine, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A peculiar organic red coloring matter found in the feathers of

various birds.

ZOOGAMOUS; ZOOEGAMOUS

Zo*ög”a*mous, a. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: Of or pertaining zoögamy.

ZOOGAMY; ZOOEGAMY

Zo*ög”a*my, n. (Biol.)

Defn: The sexual reproduction of animals.

ZOOGENIC; ZOOEGENIC

Zo`ö*gen”ic, a. Etym: [Zoö- + -gen + -ic: cf. Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoögeny, animal production.

ZOOGENY; ZOOEGENY; ZOOGONY; ZOOEGONY

Zo*ög”e*ny, Zo*ög”o*ny, n. Etym: [Zoö- + root of Gr.

Defn: The doctrine of the formation of living beings.

ZOOGEOGRAPHICAL; ZOOEGEOGRAPHICAL

Zo`ö*ge`o*graph”ic*al, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoögraphy.

ZOOGEOGRAPHY; ZOOEGEOGRAPHY

Zo`ö*ge*og”ra*phy, n. Etym: [Zoö- + geography.]

Defn: The study or description of the geographical distribution of

animals.

ZOOGLOEA; ZOOEGLOEA

Zo`ö*gloe”a, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: A colony or mass of bacteria imbedded in a viscous gelatinous

substance. The zoögloea is characteristic of a transitory stage

through which rapidly multiplying bacteria pass in the course of

their evolution. Also used adjectively.

ZOOGRAPHER; ZOOEGRAPHER

Zo*ög”ra*pher, n.

Defn: One who describes animals, their forms and habits.

ZOOGRAPHIC; ZOOEGRAPHIC; ZOOGRAPHICAL; ZOOEGRAPHICAL

Zo`ö*graph”ic, Zo`ö*graph”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zoographique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to the description of animals.

ZOOGRAPHIST; ZOOEGRAPHIST

Zo*ög”ra*phist, n.

Defn: A zoögrapher.

ZOOGRAPHY; ZOOEGRAPHY

Zo*ög”ra*phy, n. Etym: [Zoö- + -graphy: cf. F. zoographie.]

Defn: A description of animals, their forms and habits.

ZOOID

Zo”oid, a. Etym: [Zoö- + -oid.] (Biol.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, an animal.

ZOOID

Zo”oid, n.

1. (Biol.)

Defn: An organic body or cell having locomotion, as a spermatic cell

or spermatozooid.

2. (Zoöl.)

(a) An animal in one of its inferior stages of development, as one of

the intermediate forms in alternate generation.

(b) One of the individual animals in a composite group, as of

Anthozoa, Hydroidea, and Bryozoa; — sometimes restricted to those

individuals in which the mouth and digestive organs are not

developed.

ZOOIDAL

Zo*oid”al, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to a zooid; as, a zooidal form.

ZOOLATRY; ZOOELATRY

Zo*öl”a*try, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr.

Defn: The worship of animals.

ZOOLOGER; ZOOELOGER

Zo*öl”o*ger, n.

Defn: A zoölogist. Boyle.

ZOOLOGICAL; ZOOELOGICAL

Zo`ö*log”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zoologique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoölogy, or the science of animals.

ZOOLOGICALLY; ZOOELOGICALLY

Zo`ö*log”ic*al*ly, adv.

Defn: In a zoölogical manner; according to the principles of zoölogy.

ZOOLOGIST; ZOOELOGIST

Zo*öl”o*gist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. zoologiste.]

Defn: One who is well versed in zoölogy.

ZOOLOGIZE

Zo*öl”o*gize, v. i.

Defn: To study zoölogy; esp., to collect animals for study.

ZOOLOGY; ZOOELOGY

Zo*öl”o*gy, n.; pl. Zoölogies. Etym: [Zoö- + -logy: cf. F. zoologie.

See Zodiac.]

1. That part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom,

including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification,

habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct.

2. A treatise on this science.

ZOOMELANIN; ZOOEMELANIN

Zo`ö*mel”a*nin, n. Etym: [Zoö- + melanin.] (Physiol. Chem.)

Defn: A pigment giving the black color to the feathers of many birds.

ZOOMORPHIC; ZOOEMORPHIC

Zo`ö*mor”phic, a. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr.

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoömorphism.

ZOOMORPHISM; ZOOEMORPHISM

Zo`ö*mor”phism, n.

1. The transformation of men into beasts. [R.] Smart.

2. The quality of representing or using animal forms; as, zoömorphism

in ornament.

3. The representation of God, or of gods, in the form, or with the

attributes, of the lower animals.

To avoid the error of anthropomorphism, we fall into the vastly

greater, and more absurd, error of zoömorphism. Mivart.

ZOON; ZOOEN

Zo”ön, n.; pl. Zoa. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

(a) An animal which is the sole product of a single egg; — opposed

to zooid. H. Spencer.

(b) Any one of the perfectly developed individuals of a compound

animal.

ZOONIC; ZOOENIC

Zo*ön”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. zoonique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to animals; obtained from animal substances.

ZOONITE; ZOOENITE

Zo”ö*nite, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) One of the segments of the body of an articulate animal.

(b) One of the theoretic transverse divisions of any segmented

animal.

ZOONOMY; ZOOENOMY

Zo*ön”o*my, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr. zoonomie.]

Defn: The laws animal life, or the science which treats of the

phenomena of animal life, their causes and relations.

ZOONULE; ZOOENULE

Zo”ö*nule, n. Etym: [Dim. fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Zoönite.

ZOOPATHOLOGY; ZOOEPATHOLOGY

Zo`ö*pa*thol”o*gy, n. Etym: [Zoö- + pathology.]

Defn: Animal pathology.

ZOOPHAGA; ZOOEPHAGA

Zo*öph”a*ga, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: An artificial group comprising various carnivorous and

insectivorous animals.

ZOOPHAGAN; ZOOEPHAGAN

Zo*öph”a*gan, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A animal that feeds on animal food.

ZOOPHAGOUS; ZOOEPHAGOUS

Zo*öph”a*gous, a. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: Feeding on animals.

Note: This is a more general term than either sarcophagous or

carnivorous.

ZOOPHILIST; ZOOEPHILIST

Zo*öph”i*list, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr.

Defn: A lover of animals. Southey.

ZOOPHILY; ZOOEPHILY

Zo*öph”i*ly, n.

Defn: Love of animals.

ZOOPHITE; ZOOEPHITE

Zo”ö*phite, n.

Defn: A zoöphyte. [R.]

ZOOPHORIC; ZOOEPHORIC

Zo`ö*phor”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. zoophorique.]

Defn: Bearing or supporting the figure of an animal; as, a zoöphoric

column.

ZOOPHOROUS; ZOOEPHOROUS

Zo*öph”o*rous, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Zoöphoric.] (Anc. Arch.)

Defn: The part between the architrave and cornice; the frieze; — so

called from the figures of animals carved upon it.

ZOOPHYTA; ZOOEPHYTA

Zo*öph”y*ta, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: An extensive artificial and heterogeneous group of animals,

formerly adopted by many zoölogists. It included the coelenterates,

echinoderms, sponges, Bryozoa, Protozoa, etc.

Note: Sometimes the name is restricted to the Coelentera, or to the

Anthozoa.

ZOOPHYTE; ZOOEPHYTE

Zo”ö*phyte, n. Etym: [F. zoophyte, Gr. Zodiac, and Be, v. i.] (Zoöl.)

(a) Any one of numerous species of invertebrate animals which more or

less resemble plants in appearance, or mode of growth, as the corals,

gorgonians, sea anemones, hydroids, bryozoans, sponges, etc.,

especially any of those that form compound colonies having a branched

or treelike form, as many corals and hydroids.

(b) Any one of the Zoöphyta.

ZOOPHYTIC; ZOOEPHYTIC; ZOOPHYTICAL; ZOOEPHYTICAL

Zo`ö*phyt”ic, Zo`ö*phyt”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zoophytique.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoöphytes.

ZOOPHYTOID; ZOOEPHYTOID

Zo*öph”y*toid, a. Etym: [Zoöphyte + -oid.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, a zoöphyte.

ZOOPHYTOLOGICAL; ZOOEPHYTOLOGICAL

Zo`ö*phyt`o*log”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zoophytologique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoöphytology; as, zoöphytological

observations.

ZOOPHYTOLOGY; ZOOEPHYTOLOGY

Zo*öph`y*tol”o*gy, n. Etym: [Zoöphyte + -logy: cf. F. zoophytologie.]

Defn: The natural history zoöphytes.

ZOOPRAXISCOPE; ZOOEPRAXISCOPE

Zo`ö*prax”i*scope, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr. -scope.]

Defn: An instrument similar to, or the same as, the, the

phenakistoscope, by means of which pictures projected upon a screen

are made to exhibit the natural movements of animals, and the like.

ZOOPSYCHOLOGY; ZOOEPSYCHOLOGY

Zo`ö*psy*chol”o*gy, n. Etym: [Zoö- + psychology.]

Defn: Animal psychology.

ZOOSPERM; ZOOESPERM

Zo”ö*sperm, n. Etym: [Zoö- + sperm.] (Biol.)

Defn: One of the spermatic particles; spermatozoid.

ZOOSPORANGIUM; ZOOESPORANGIUM

Zo`ö*spo*ran”gi*um, n.; pl. -sporangia. Etym: [NL. See Zoö-, and

Sporangium.] (Bot.)

Defn: A spore, or conceptacle containing zoöspores.

ZOOSPORE; ZOOESPORE

Zo”ö*spore, n. Etym: [Zoö- + spore.]

1. (Bot.)

Defn: A spore provided with one or more slender cilia, by the

vibration of which it swims in the water. Zoöspores are produced by

many green, and by some olive-brown, algæ. In certain species they

are divided into the larger macrozoöspores and the smaller

microzoöspores. Called also sporozoid, and swarmspore.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Swarmspore.

ZOOSPORIC; ZOOESPORIC

Zo`ö*spor”ic, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoöspores; of the nature of zoöspores.

ZOOTIC; ZOOETIC

Zo*öt”ic, a. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: Containing the remains of organized bodies; — said of rock or

soil.

ZOOTOMICAL; ZOOETOMICAL

Zo`ö*tom”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zootomique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to zoötomy.

ZOOTOMIST; ZOOETOMIST

Zo*öt”o*mist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. zootomiste.]

Defn: One who dissects animals, or is skilled in zoötomy.

ZOOTOMY; ZOOETOMY

Zo*öt”o*my, n. Etym: [Zoö- + Gr. zootomie.]

Defn: The dissection or the anatomy of animals; — distinguished from

androtomy.

ZOOTROPHIC; ZOOETROPHIC

Zo`ö*troph”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. Zoö-, and Trophic.] (Physiol.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the nourishment of animals.

ZOOZOO

Zoo”zoo`, n. Etym: [Of imitative origin.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The wood pigeon. [Prov. Eng.]

ZOPE

Zope, n. Etym: [G.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A European fresh-water bream (Abramis ballerus).

ZOPILOTE

Zo”pi*lote, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The urubu, or American black vulture.

ZORIL

Zor”il, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Zorilla.

ZORILLA

Zo*ril”la, n. Etym: [Sp. zorilla, zorillo, dim. of zorra, zorro, a

fox: cf. F. zorille.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Either one of two species of small African carnivores of the

genus Ictonyx allied to the weasels and skunks. [Written also zoril,

and zorille.]

Note: The best-known species (Ictonyx zorilla) has black shiny fur

with white bands and spots. It has anal glands which produce a very

offensive secretion, similar to that of the skunk. It feeds upon

birds and their eggs and upon small mammals, and is often very

destructive to poultry. It is sometimes tamed by the natives, and

kept to destroy rats and mice. Called also mariput, Cape polecat, and

African polecat. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the

American skunk.

ZOROASTRIAN

Zo`ro*as”tri*an, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to Zoroaster, or his religious system.

ZOROASTRIAN

Zo`ro*as”tri*an, n.

Defn: A follower of Zoroaster; one who accepts Zoroastrianism.

ZOROASTRIANISM

Zo`ro*as”tri*an*ism, n.

Defn: The religious system of Zoroaster, the legislator and prophet

of the ancient Persians, which was the national faith of Persia;

mazdeism. The system presupposes a good spirit (Ormuzd) and an

opposing evil spirit (Ahriman). Cf. Fire worship, under Fire, and

Parsee.

ZOROASTRISM

Zo`ro*as”trism, n.

Defn: Same as Zoroastrianism. Tylor.

ZOSTER

Zos”ter, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Zone.] (Med.)

Defn: Shingles.

ZOSTERA

Zos”te*ra, n. Etym: [NL.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of plants of the Naiadaceæ, or Pondweed family. Zostera

marina is commonly known as sea wrack, and eelgrass.

ZOSTEROPS

Zos”ter*ops, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A genus of birds that comprises the white-eyes. See White-eye.

ZOUAVE

Zouave, n. Etym: [F., fr. Ar. Zouaoua a tribe of Kabyles living among

the Jurjura mountains in Algeria.] (Mil.)

(a) One of an active and hardy body of soldiers in the French

service, originally Arabs, but now composed of Frenchmen who wear the

Arab dress.

(b) Hence, one of a body of soldiers who adopt the dress and drill of

the Zouaves, as was done by a number of volunteer regiments in the

army of the United States in the Civil War, 1861-65.

ZOUNDS

Zounds, interj. Etym: [Contracted from God’s wounds.]

Defn: An exclamation formerly used as an oath, and an expression of

anger or wonder.

ZOUTCH

Zoutch, v. t. (Cookery)

Defn: To stew, as flounders, eels, etc., with just enough or liquid

to cover them. Smart.

ZUBR

Zubr, n. Etym: [Polish .] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The aurochs.

ZUCHE

Zuche, n.

Defn: A stump of a tree. Cowell.

ZUCHETTO

Zu*chet”to, n. Etym: [It. zucchetto.] (R. C. Ch.)

Defn: A skullcap covering the tonsure, worn under the berretta. The

pope’s is white; a cardinal’s red; a bishop’s purple; a priest’s

black.

ZUFOLO

Zu”fo*lo, n. Etym: [It.] (Mus.)

Defn: A little flute or flageolet, especially that which is used to

teach birds. [Written also zuffolo.]

ZUIAN

ZuӖi*an, a.

Defn: Of or pert. to the Zuñis, or designating their linguistic

stock. –n.

Defn: A Zuñi.

ZUISIN

Zui”sin, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The American widgeon. [Local, U. S.]

ZULU

Zu”lu, n. [Also Zooloo.]

1. Any member of the tribe of Zulus; a Zulu-Kaffir. See Zulus.

2.  (Philol.) One of the most important members of the South African,

or Bantu, family of languages, spoken partly in Natal and partly in

Zululand, but understood, and more or less in use, over a wide

territory, at least as far north as the Zambezi; — called also Zulu-

Kaffir.

ZULU-KAFFIR

Zu”lu-Kaf”fir, n.

Defn: A member of the Bantu race comprising the Zulus and the

Kaffirs.

ZULUS

Zu”lus, n. pl.; sing. Zulu (. (Ethnol.)

Defn: The most important tribe belonging to the Kaffir race. They

inhabit a region on the southeast coast of Africa, but formerly

occupied a much more extensive country. They are noted for their

warlike disposition, courage, and military skill.

ZUMBOORUK

Zum*boo”ruk, n. Etym: [Turk. & Ar. zamb, fr. Ar. zamb a hornet.]

(Mil.)

Defn: A small cannon supported by a swiveled rest on the back of a

camel, whence it is fired, — used in the East.

ZUMIC; ZUMOLOGICAL; ZUMOLOGY; ZUMOMETER

Zu”mic, a., Zu`mo*log”ic*al, a., Zu*mol”o*gy, n., Zu*mom”e*ter, n.,

etc.

Defn: See Zymic, Zymological, etc.

ZUNIS

Zu”nis, n. pl.; sing. Zuni (. (Ethnol.)

Defn: A tribe of Pueblo Indians occupying a village in New Mexico, on

the Zuni River.

ZUNYITE

Zun”yite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A fluosilicate of alumina occurring in tetrahedral crystals at

the Zuñi mine in Colorado.

ZWANZIGER

Zwan”zi*ger, n. Etym: [G.]

Defn: Am Austrian silver coin equivalent to 20 kreutzers, or about 10

cents.

ZWIEBACK

Zwie”back`, n. [G., fr. zwie-two, twice (see Twice) + backen to

bake.]

Defn: A kind of biscuit or  rusk first baked in a loaf and afterwards

cut and toasted.

ZWINGLIAN

Zwing”li*an, a. (Theol.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to Ulric Zwingli (1481-1531), the reformer of

German Switzerland, who maintained that in the Lord’s Supper the true

body of Christ is present by the contemplation of faith but not in

essence or reality, and that the sacrament is a memorial without

mystical elements. — n.

Defn: A follower of Zwingli.

ZYGANTRUM

Zy*gan”trum, n.; pl. Zygantra. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.)

Defn: See under Zygosphene.

ZYGAPOPHYSIS

Zyg`a*poph”y*sis, n.; pl. Zygapophyses. Etym: [Gr. apophysis.]

(Anat.)

Defn: One of the articular processes of a vertebra, of which there

are usually four, two anterior and two posterior. See under Vertebra.

 — Zyg`ap*o*phys”i*al, a.

ZYGENID

Zyg”e*nid, n. Etym: [Cf. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of numerous species of moths of the family Zygænidæ,

most of which are bright colored. The wood nymph and the vine

forester are examples. Also used adjectively.

ZYGOBRANCHIA

Zyg`o*bran”chi*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A division of marine gastropods in which the gills are

developed on both sides of the body and the renal organs are also

paired. The abalone (Haliotis) and the keyhole limpet (Fissurella)

are examples.

ZYGOBRANCHIATE

Zyg`o*bran”chi*ate, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to the Zygobranchia.

ZYGODACTYL; ZYGODACTYLE

Zyg`o*dac”tyl, Zyg`o*dac”tyle, n. Etym: [See Zygodactylic.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any zygodactylous bird.

ZYGODACTYLAE

Zyg`o*dac”ty*læ, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The zygodactylous birds. In a restricted sense applied to a

division of birds which includes the barbets, toucans, honey guides,

and other related birds.

ZYGODACTYLI

Zyg`o*dac”ty*li, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Scansores.

ZYGODACTYLIC; ZYGODACTYLOUS

Zyg`o*dac”ty*lic, Zyg`o*dac”tyl*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. zygodactyle.]

(Zoöl.)

Defn: Yoke-footed; having the toes disposed in pairs; — applied to

birds which have two toes before and two behind, as the parrot,

cuckoo, woodpecker, etc.

ZYGOMA

Zy*go”ma, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.)

(a) The jugal, malar, or cheek bone.

(b) The zygomatic process of the temporal bone.

(c) The whole zygomatic arch.

ZYGOMATIC

Zyg`o*mat”ic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zygomatique.] (Anat.)

Defn: Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the zygoma. Zygomatic

arch, the arch of bone beneath the orbit, formed in most mammals by

the union of the malar, or jugal, with the zygomatic process of the

temporal bone. In the lower vertebrates other bones may help to form

it, and there may be two arches on each side of the skull, as in some

reptiles.

 — Zygomatic process, a process of the temporal or squamosal bone

helping to form the zygomatic arch.

ZYGOMORPHIC; ZYGOMORPHOUS

Zyg`o*mor”phic, Zyg`o*mor”phous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: Symmetrical bilaterally; — said of organisms, or parts of

organisms, capable of division into two symmetrical halves only in a

single plane.

ZYGOPHYTE

Zy”go*phyte, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.)

Defn: Any plant of a proposed class or grand division (Zygophytes,

Zygophyta, or Zygosporeæ), in which reproduction consists in the

union of two similar cells. Cf. Oöphyte.

ZYGOSIS

Zy*go”sis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: Same as Conjugation.

ZYGOSPERM

Zyg”o*sperm, n. Etym: [Gr. sperm.] (Bot.)

Defn: A spore formed by the union of the contents of two similar

cells, either of the same or of distinct individual plants.

Zygosperms are found in certain orders of algæ and fungi.

ZYGOSPHENE

Zyg”o*sphene, n. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.)

Defn: A median process on the front part of the neural arch of the

vertebræ of most snakes and some lizards, which fits into a fossa,

called the zygantrum, on the back part of the arch in front.

ZYGOSPORE

Zyg”o*spore, n. Etym: [Gr. spore.] (Bot.)

(a) Same as Zygosperm.

(b) A spore formed by the union of several zoöspores; — called also

zygozoöspore.

ZYLONITE

Zy”lon*ite, n. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: Celluloid.

ZYMASE

Zym”ase, n. Etym: [From Zyme.] (Physiol. Chem.)

Defn: A soluble ferment, or enzyme. See Enzyme.

ZYME

Zyme, n. Etym: [Gr.

1. A ferment.

2. (Med.)

Defn: The morbific principle of a zymotic disease. Quain.

ZYMIC

Zym”ic, a. (Old Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or produced by, fermentation; — formerly, by

confusion, used to designate lactic acid.

ZYMOGEN

Zym”o*gen, n. Etym: [Zyme + -gen.] (Physiol. Chem.)

Defn: A mother substance, or antecedent, of an enzyme or chemical

ferment; — applied to such substances as, not being themselves

actual ferments, may by internal changes give rise to a ferment.

The pancreas contains but little ready-made ferment, though there is

present in it a body, zymogen, which gives birth to the ferment.

Foster.

ZYMOGENE

Zym”o*gene, n. Etym: [Zyme + root of Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: One of a physiological group of globular bacteria which

produces fermentations of diverse nature; — distinguished from

pathogene.

ZYMOGENIC

Zym`o*gen”ic, a. (Biol.)

(a) Pertaining to, or formed by, a zymogene.

(b) Capable of producing a definite zymogen or ferment. Zymogenic

organism (Biol.), a microörganism, such as the yeast plant of the

Bacterium lactis, which sets up certain fermentative processes by

which definite chemical products are formed; — distinguished from a

pathogenic organism. Cf. Micrococcus.

ZYMOLOGIC; ZYMOLOGICAL

Zy`mo*log”ic, Zy`mo*log”ic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. zymologique.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to zymology.

ZYMOLOGIST

Zy*mol”o*gist, n.

Defn: One who is skilled in zymology, or in the fermentation of

liquors.

ZYMOLOGY

Zy*mol”o*gy, n. Etym: [Zyme + -logy: cf. F. zymologie.]

Defn: A treatise on the fermentation of liquors, or the doctrine of

fermentation. [Written also zumology.]

ZYMOLYSIS

Zy*mol”y*sis, n. [NL. See Zyme, and Lysis.] (Physiol. Chem.)

Defn: The action of enzymes; also, the changes produced by such

action. –Zy`mo*lyt”ic (#), a.

ZYMOME

Zy”mome, n. Etym: [Gr. (Old Chem.)

Defn: A glutinous substance, insoluble in alcohol, resembling

legumin; — now called vegetable fibrin, vegetable albumin, or gluten

casein.

ZYMOMETER; ZYMOSIMETER

Zy*mom”e*ter, Zy`mo*sim”e*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter: cf. F.

zymosimètre.]

Defn: An instrument for ascertaining the degree of fermentation

occasioned by the mixture of different liquids, and the degree of

heat which they acquire in fermentation.

ZYMOPHYTE

Zym”o*phyte, n. Etym: [Zyme + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.)

Defn: A bacteroid ferment.

ZYMOSE

Zy*mose”, n. (Chem.)

Defn: Invertin.

ZYMOSIS

Zy*mo”sis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.)

(a) A fermentation; hence, an analogous process by which an

infectious disease is believed to be developed.

(b) A zymotic disease. [R.]

ZYMOTIC

Zy*mot”ic, a. Etym: [Gr.

1. Of, pertaining to, or caused by, fermentation.

2. (Med.)

Defn: Designating, or pertaining to, a certain class of diseases. See

Zymotic disease, below. Zymotic disease (Med.), any epidemic,

endemic, contagious, or sporadic affection which is produced by some

morbific principle or organism acting on the system like a ferment.

ZYTHEM

Zy”them, n.

Defn: See Zythum.

ZYTHEPSARY

Zy*thep”sa*ry, n. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: A brewery. [R.]

ZYTHUM

Zy”thumn. Etym: [L.fr. Gr.

Defn: A kind of ancient malt beverage; a liquor made from malt and

wheat. [Written also zythem.]

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