English dictionary words starting with Y from page 17751 to 17800


Yel”low, n.

1. A bright golden color, reflecting more light than any other except

white; the color of that part of the spectrum which is between the

orange and green. “A long motley coat guarded with yellow.” Shak.

2. A yellow pigment. Cadmium yellow, Chrome yellow, Indigo yellow,

King’s yellow, etc. See under Cadmium, Chrome, etc.

 — Naples yellow, a yellow amorphous pigment, used in oil,

porcelain, and enamel painting, consisting of a basic lead

metantimonate, obtained by fusing together tartar emetic lead

nitrate, and common salt.

 — Patent yellow (Old Chem.), a yellow pigment consisting

essentially of a lead oxychloride; — called also Turner’s yellow.


Yel”low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yellowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Yellowing.]

Defn: To make yellow; to cause to have a yellow tinge or color; to

dye yellow.


Yel”low, v. i.

Defn: To become yellow or yellower.


Yel”low*am`mer, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Yellow-hammer.


Yel”low*bill`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The American scoter.


Yel”low*bird`, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) The American goldfinch, or thistle bird. See Goldfinch.

(b) The common yellow warbler; — called also summer yellowbird. See

Illust. of Yellow warbler, under Yellow, a.


Yellow Book. [F. livre jaune.]

Defn: In France, an official government publication bound in yellow



Yel”low-cov`ered, a.

Defn: Covered or bound in yellow paper. Yellow-covered literature,

cheap sensational novels and trashy magazines; — formerly so called

from the usual color of their covers. [Colloq. U. S.] Bartlett.


Yel”low-eyed`, a.

Defn: Having yellow eyes. Yellow-eyed grass (Bot.), any plant of the

genus Xyris.


Yel”low*fin`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A large squeteague.


Yel”low*fish`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A rock trout (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) found on the coast

of Alaska; — called also striped fish, and Atka mackerel.


Yel”low-golds`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A certain plant, probably the yellow oxeye. B. Jonson.


Yel”low*ham`mer, n. Etym: [For yellow-ammer, where ammer is fr. AS.

amore a kind of bird; akin to G. ammer a yellow-hammer, OHG. amero.]


(a) A common European finch (Emberiza citrinella). The color of the

male is bright yellow on the breast, neck, and sides of the head,

with the back yellow and brown, and the top of the head and the tail

quills blackish. Called also yellow bunting, scribbling lark, and

writing lark. [Written also yellow-ammer.]

(b) The flicker. [Local, U. S.]


Yel”low*ing, n.

Defn: The act or process of making yellow.

Softened . . . by the yellowing which time has given. G. Eliot.


Yel”low*ish, a.

Defn: Somewhat yellow; as, amber is of a yellowish color.

 — Yel”low*ish*ness, n.


Yel”low*legs`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of long-legged sandpipers of the

genus Totanus, in which the legs are bright yellow; — called also

stone snipe, tattler, telltale, yellowshanks; and yellowshins. See

Tattler, 2.


Yel”low*ness, n.

1. The quality or state of being yellow; as, the yellowness of an


2. Jealousy. [Obs.]

I will possess him with yellowness. Shak.


Yel”low*root`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Any one of several plants with yellow roots. Specifically:

(a) See Xanthorhiza.

(b) Same as Orangeroot.


Yel”lows, n.

1. (Far.)

Defn: A disease of the bile in horses, cattle, and sheep, causing

yellowness of the eyes; jaundice.

His horse . . . sped with spavins, rayed with the yellows. Shak.

2. (Bot.)

Defn: A disease of plants, esp. of peach trees, in which the leaves

turn to a yellowish color; jeterus.

3. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A group of butterflies in which the predominating color is

yellow. It includes the common small yellow butterflies. Called also

redhorns, and sulphurs. See Sulphur.


Yel”low*seed`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of pepper grass (Lepidium campestre).


Yel”low*shanks`, Yel”low*shins`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Yellolegs.


Yel”low*tail`, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) Any one of several species of marine carangoid fishes of the

genus Seriola; especially, the large California species (S. dorsalis)

which sometimes weighs thirty or forty pounds, and is highly esteemed

as a food fish; — called also cavasina, and white salmon.

(b) The mademoiselle, or silver perch.

(c) The menhaden.

(d) The runner, 12.

(e) A California rockfish (Sebastodes flavidus).

(f) The sailor’s choice (Diplodus rhomboides).

Note: Several other fishes are also locally called yellowtail.


Yel”low*throat`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of American ground warblers of the

genus Geothlypis, esp. the Maryland yellowthroat (G. trichas), which

is a very common species.


Yel”low*top`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of grass, perhaps a species of Agrostis.


Yel”low*wood`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: The wood of any one of several different kinds of trees; also,

any one of the trees themselves. Among the trees so called are the

Cladrastis tinctoria, an American leguminous tree; the several

species of prickly ash (Xanthoxylum); the Australian Flindersia

Oxleyana, a tree related to the mahogany; certain South African

species of Podocarpus, trees related to the yew; the East Indian

Podocarpus latifolia; and the true satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).

All these Old World trees furnish valuable timber.


Yel”low*wort`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A European yellow-flowered, gentianaceous (Chlora perfoliata).

The whole plant is intensely bitter, and is sometimes used as a

tonic, and also in dyeing yellow.


Yelp, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Yelped; p. pr. & vb. n. Yelping.] Etym:

[OE. yelpen, , to boast, boast noisily, AS. gielpan, gilpan, gylpan;

akin to OHG. gelph arrogant: cf. Icel. gjalpa to yelp. Cf. Yap.]

1. To boast. [Obs.]

I keep [care] not of armes for to yelpe. Chaucer.

2. To utter a sharp, quick cry, as a hound; to bark shrilly with

eagerness, pain, or fear; to yaup.

A little herd of England’s timorous deer, Mazed with a yelping kennel

of French curs Shak.

At the least flourish of a broomstick or ladle, he would fly to the

door with a yelping precipitation. W. Irving.


Yelp, n.

Defn: A sharp, quick cry; a bark. Chaucer.


Yelp”er, n.

Defn: An animal that yelps, or makes a yelping noise. Specifically:


(a) The avocet; — so called from its sharp, shrill cry. [Prov. Eng.]

(b) The tattler. [Local, U. S.]


Yel”ting, n. [Orig. uncert.]

Defn: The Florida and West Indian red snapper (Lutianus aya); also,

sometimes, one of certain other allied species, as L. caxis.


Ye”man, n.

Defn: A yeoman. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yen, n.

Defn: The unit of value and account in Japan. Since Japan’s adoption

of the gold standard, in 1897, the value of the yen has been about 50

cents. The yen is equal to 100 sen.


Yend, v. t.

Defn: To throw; to cast. [Prov. Eng.]


Ye”nite, n. Etym: [After Jena, in Germany.] (Min.)

Defn: A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic

crystals; — also called ilvaite. [Spelt also jenite.]


Yeo”man, n.; pl. Yeomen. Etym: [OE. yoman, ýeman, ýoman; of uncertain

origin; perhaps the first, syllable is akin to OFries. ga district,

region, G. gau, OHG. gewi, gouwi, Goth. gawi. sq. root100.]

1. A common man, or one of the commonly of the first or most

respectable class; a freeholder; a man free born.

Note: A yeoman in England is considered as next in order to the

gentry. The word is little used in the United States, unless as a

title in law proceedings and instruments, designating occupation, and

this only in particular States.

2. A servant; a retainer. [Obs.]

A yeman hadde he and servants no mo. Chaucer.

3. A yeoman of the guard; also, a member of the yeomanry cavalry.


4. (Naut.)

Defn: An interior officer under the boatswain, gunner, or carpenters,

charged with the stowage, account, and distribution of the stores.

Yeoman of the guard, one of the bodyguard of the English sovereign,

consisting of the hundred yeomen, armed with partisans, and habited

in the costume of the sixteenth century. They are members of the

royal household.


Yeo”man*like`, a.

Defn: Resembling, or suitable to, a yeoman; yeomanly.


Yeo”man*ly, a.

Defn: Pertaining to a yeoman; becoming or suitable to, a yeoman;

yeomanlike. B. Jonson.

Well could he dress his tackle yeomanly. Chaucer.


Yeo”man*ry, n.

1. The position or rank of a yeoman. [Obs.] “His estate of yeomanry.”


2. The collective body of yeomen, or freeholders.

The enfranchised yeomanry began to feel an instinct for dominion.


3. The yeomanry cavalry. [Eng.] Yeomanry cavalry, certain bodies of

volunteer cavalry liable to service in Great Britain only. [Eng.]


Yeor”ling, n. Etym: [Cf. Yellow.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer.


Yer, prep.

Defn: Ere; before. [Obs.] Sylvester.


Yer”ba, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Bot.)

Defn: An herb; a plant.

Note: This word is much used in compound names of plants in Spanish;

as, yerba buena Etym: [Sp., a good herb], a name applied in Spain to

several kinds of mint (Mentha sativa, viridis, etc.), but in

California universally applied to a common, sweet-scented labiate

plant (Micromeria Douglasii). Yerba dol osa. Etym: [Sp., herb of the

she-bear.] A kind of buckthorn (Rhamnus Californica).

 — Yerba mansa. Etym: [Sp., a mild herb, soft herb.] A plant

(Anemopsis Californica) with a pungent, aromatic rootstock, used

medicinally by the Mexicans and the Indians.

 — Yerba reuma. Etym: [Cf. Sp. reuma rheum, rheumatism.] A low

California undershrub (Frankenia grandifolia).


Yerd, n.

Defn: See 1st & 2d Yard. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yerk, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yerked; p. pr. & vb. n. Yerking.] Etym:

[See Yerk.]

1. To throw or thrust with a sudden, smart movement; to kick or

strike suddenly; to jerk.

Their wounded steeds . . . Yerk out their armed heels at their dead

masters. Shak.

2. To strike or lash with a whip. [Obs. or Scot.]


Yerk, v. i.

1. To throw out the heels; to kick; to jerk.

They flirt, they yerk, they backward . . . fling. Drayton.

2. To move a quick, jerking motion.


Yerk, n.

Defn: A sudden or quick thrust or motion; a jerk.


Yern, v. i.

Defn: See 3d Yearn. [Obs.]


Yern, a. Etym: [OE. ýern, ýeorne, AS. georn desirous, eager. See

Yearn to long.]

Defn: Eager; brisk; quick; active. [Obs.] “Her song . . . loud and

yern.” Chaucer.


Yerne, adv. Etym: [OE. ýeorne. See Yern, a.]

Defn: Eagerly; briskly; quickly. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

My hands and my tongue go so yerne. Chaucer.


Yer”nut`, n. Etym: [Cf. Dan. jordnöd, Sw. jordnöt, earthnut. Cf.


Defn: An earthnut, or groundnut. See Groundnut (d). [Written also



Yerst, adv.

Defn: See Erst. [Obs.] Sylvester.


Yes, adv. Etym: [OE. yis, ýis, ýes, ýise, AS. gese, gise; probably

fr. geá yea + swa so. sq. root188. See Yea, and So.]

Defn: Ay; yea; — a word which expresses affirmation or consent; —

opposed to Ant: no.

Note: Yes is used, like yea, to enforce, by repetition or addition,

something which precedes; as, you have done all this — yes, you have

done more. “Yes, you despise the man books confined.” Pope.

Note: “The fine distinction between `yea’ and `yes,’ `nay’ and `no,’

that once existed in English, has quite disappeared. `Yea’ and `nay’

in Wyclif’s time, and a good deal later, were the answers to

questions framed in the affirmative. `Will he come’ To this it would

have been replied, `Yea’ or `Nay’, as the case might be. But, `Will

he not come’ To this the answer would have been `Yes’ or `No.’ Sir

Thomas More finds fault with Tyndale, that in his translation of the

Bible he had not observed this distinction, which was evidently

therefore going out even then, that is, in the reign of Henry VIII.;

and shortly after it was quite forgotten.” Trench.


Yest, n.

Defn: See Yeast. Shak.


Yes”ter, a. Etym: [See Yesterday.]

Defn: Last; last past; next before; of or pertaining to yesterday.

[An enemy] whom yester sun beheld Mustering her charms. Dryden.

Note: This word is now seldom used except in a few compounds; as,

yesterday, yesternight, etc.


Yes”ter*day, n. Etym: [OE. ýisterdai, AS. geostran dæg, from

geostran, geostra, giestran, gistran, gystran, yesterday (akin to D.

gisteren, G. gestern, OHG. gestaron, Icel. gær yesterday, to-morrow,

Goth. gistradagis to-morrow, L. heri yesterday, Gr. hyas) + dæg day.

Cf. Hestern.

1. The day last past; the day next before the present.

All our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Shak.

We are but of yesterday, and know nothing. Job viii. 9.

2. Fig.: A recent time; time not long past.

The proudest royal houses are but of yesterday, when compared with

the line of supreme pontiffs. Macaulay.


Yes”ter*day, adv.

Defn: On the day last past; on the day preceding to-day; as, the

affair took place yesterday.


Yes”ter*eve`, Yes”ter-e`ven*ing, n.

Defn: The evening of yesterday; the evening last past.


Yes”ter*morn`, Yes”ter-morn`ing, n.

Defn: The morning of yesterday. Coleridge.


Yes”tern, a. Etym: [See Yester.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to yesterday; relating to the day last past.


Yes”ter*night`, n.

Defn: The last night; the night last past.


Yes”ter*night`, adv. Etym: [AS. gystran niht. See Yesterday.]

Defn: On the last night. B. Jonson.


Yes”ter*noon`, n.

Defn: The noon of yesterday; the noon last past.


Yes”ter*week`, n.

Defn: The week last past; last week.


Yes”ter*year`, n.

Defn: The year last past; last year.


Yes`treen”, n.

Defn: Yester-evening; yesternight; last night. [R. or Scot.]

Yestreen I did not know How largely I could live. Bp. Coxe.


Yest”y, a.

Defn: See Yeasty. Shak.


Yet, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of large marine gastropods belonging

to the genus Yetus, or Cymba; a boat shell.


Yet, adv. Etym: [OE. yet, ýet, ýit, AS. git, gyt, giet, gieta; akin

to OFries. ieta, eta, ita, MHG. iezuo, ieze, now, G. jetzo, jetzt.]

1. In addition; further; besides; over and above; still. “A little

longer; yet a little longer.” Dryden.

This furnishes us with yet one more reason why our savior, lays such

a particular stress acts of mercy. Atterbury.

The rapine is made yet blacker by the pretense of piety and justice.


2. At the same time; by continuance from a former state; still.

Facts they had heard while they were yet heathens. Addison.

3. Up to the present time; thus far; hitherto; until now; — and with

the negative, not yet, not up to the present time; not as soon as

now; as, Is it time to go Not yet. See As yet, under As, conj.

Ne never yet no villainy ne said. Chaucer.

4. Before some future time; before the end; eventually; in time. “He

‘ll be hanged yet.” Shak.

5. Even; — used emphatically.

Men may not too rashly believe the confessions of witches, nor yet

the evidence against them. Bacon.


Yet, conj.

Defn: Nevertheless; notwithstanding; however.

Yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not

arrayed like one of these. Matt. vi. 29.


 — See However.


Yeve, v. i.

Defn: To give. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yev”en, p. p.

Defn: Given. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yew, v. i.

Defn: See Yaw.


Yew, n. Etym: [OE. ew, AS. eów, iw, eoh; akin to D. ijf, OHG. iwa,

iha, G. eibe, Icel. ; cf. Ir. iubhar, Gael. iubhar, iughar, W. yw,

ywen, Lith. jëva the black alder tree.]

1. (Bot.)

Defn: An evergreen tree (Taxus baccata) of Europe, allied to the

pines, but having a peculiar berrylike fruit instead of a cone. It

frequently grows in British churchyards.

2. The wood of the yew. It is light red in color, compact, fine-

grained, and very elastic. It is preferred to all other kinds of wood

for bows and whipstocks, the best for these purposes coming from


Note: The American yew (Taxus baccata, var. Canadensis) is a low and

straggling or prostrate bush, never forming an erect trunk. The

California yew (Taxus brevifolia) is a good-sized tree, and its wood

is used for bows, spear handles, paddles, and other similar

implements. Another yew is found in Florida, and there are species in

Japan and the Himalayas.

3. A bow for shooting, made of the yew.


Yew (u), a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to yew trees; made of the wood of a yew tree;

as, a yew whipstock.


Yew”en, a.

Defn: Made of yew; as, yewen bows.


Yex, v. i. Etym: [OE. ýexen, yesken, AS. giscian to sob.]

Defn: To hiccough. [Written also yox, yux.] [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

He yexeth and he speaketh through the nose. Chaucer.


Yex, n. Etym: [AS. geocsa a sobbing, hiccough. Cf. Yex, v. i.]

Defn: A hiccough. [Written also yox, and yux.] [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

“The excessive yex.” Holland.


Yez`de*ger”di*an, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to Yezdegerd, the last Sassanian monarch of

Persia, who was overthrown by the Mohammedans; as, the Yezdegerdian

era, which began on the 16th of June, a. d. 632. The era is still

used by the Parsees.


Yez”di, n.

Defn: Same as Izedi. Taylor.


Yez”i*dee, Yez”i*di, n.

Defn: Same as Izedi.


Y*fere”, adv.

Defn: Together. See Ifere. [Obs.]

As friends do when they be met yfere. Chaucer.


Yg”dra*syl, n. (Scand. Myth.)

Defn: See in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.


Y”ghe, n.

Defn: Eye. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Y*go”, obs. p. p. of Go.

Defn: Gone. Chaucer.


Y*ground”, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Grind. Chaucer.


Y*hold”e, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Hold. Chaucer.


Yid, n. [See Yiddish.]

Defn: A Jew. [Slang or Colloq.] “Almost any young Yid who goes out

from among her people.”  John Corbin.


Yid”dish, n. [G. jüdisch, prop., Jewish, fr. Jude Jew. See Jew,


Defn: A language used by German and other Jews, being a Middle German

dialect developed under Hebrew and Slavic influence. It is written in

Hebrew characters.


Yid”dish*er, n. [See Yiddish.]

Defn: A Yid. [Slang]


Yield, v. t.

[imp. & p. p. Yielded; obs. p. p. Yold; p. pr. & vb. n.


Etym: [OE. yelden, ýelden, ýilden, AS. gieldan, gildan, to

pay, give, restore, make an offering; akin to OFries. jelda, OS.

geldan, D. gelden to cost, to be worth, G. gelten, OHG. geltan to

pay, restore, make an offering, be worth, Icel. gjalda to pay, give

up, Dan. gielde to be worth, Sw. gälla to be worth, gälda to pay,

Goth. gildan in fragildan, usgildan. Cf. 1st Geld, Guild.]

1. To give in return for labor expended; to produce, as payment or

interest on what is expended or invested; to pay; as, money at

interest yields six or seven per cent.

To yelde Jesu Christ his proper rent. Chaucer.

When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee

her strength. Gen. iv. 12.

2. To furnish; to afford; to render; to give forth. “Vines yield

nectar.” Milton.

[He] makes milch kine yield blood. Shak.

The wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children. Job

xxiv. 5.

3. To give up, as something that is claimed or demanded; to make over

to one who has a claim or right; to resign; to surrender; to

relinquish; as a city, an opinion, etc.

And, force perforce, I’ll make him yield the crown. Shak.

Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame. Milton.

4. To admit to be true; to concede; to allow.

I yield it just, said Adam, and submit. Milton.

5. To permit; to grant; as, to yield passage.

6. To give a reward to; to bless. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Tend me to-night two hours, I ask no more, And the gods yield you for

‘t. Shak.

God yield thee, and God thank ye. Beau. & Fl.

To yield the breath, the ghost, or the life, to die; to expire; —

often followed by up.

One calmly yields his willing breath. Keble.


Yield, v. i.

1. To give up the contest; to submit; to surrender; to succumb.

He saw the fainting Grecians yield. Dryden.

2. To comply with; to assent; as, I yielded to his request.

3. To give way; to cease opposition; to be no longer a hindrance or

an obstacle; as, men readily yield to the current of opinion, or to

customs; the door yielded.

Will ye relent, And yield to mercy while ‘t is offered you Shak.

4. To give place, as inferior in rank or excellence; as, they will

yield to us in nothing.

Nay tell me first, in what more happy fields The thistle springs, to

which the lily yields Pope.


Yield, n.

Defn: Amount yielded; product; — applied especially to products

resulting from growth or cultivation. “A goodly yield of fruit doth

bring.” Bacon.


Yield”a*ble, a.

Defn: Disposed to yield or comply. [R.] — Yield”a*ble*ness, n. [R.]

Bp. Hall.


Yield”ance, n.

1. The act of producing; yield; as, the yieldance of the earth. [R.]

Bp. Hall.

2. The act of yielding; concession. [R.] South.


Yield”er, n.

Defn: One who yields. Shak.


Yield”ing, a.

Defn: Inclined to give way, or comply; flexible; compliant;

accommodating; as, a yielding temper. Yielding and paying (Law), the

initial words of that clause in leases in which the rent to be paid

by the lessee is mentioned and reserved. Burrill.


 — Obsequious; attentive.

 — Yielding, Obsequious, Attentive. In many cases a man may be

attentive or yielding in a high degree without any sacrifice of his

dignity; but he who is obsequious seeks to gain favor by excessive

and mean compliances for some selfish end.

 — Yield”ing*ly, adv.

 — Yield”ing*ness, n.


Yield”less, a.

Defn: Without yielding; unyielding. [Obs.]


Yift, n.

Defn: Gift. [Obs.] “Great yiftes.” Chaucer.


Yin, n.

Defn: A Chinese weight of 2


Yis, adv.

Defn: Yes. [Obs.]

“Yis, sir,” quod he, “yis, host.” Chaucer.


Yit, conj.

Defn: Yet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yite, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer.


Yive, v. t. & i.

Defn: To give. [Obs.] Chaucer.


-yl. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.)

Defn: A suffix used as a characteristic termination of chemical

radicals; as in ethyl, carbonyl, hydroxyl, etc.

Note: -yl was first used in 1832 by Liebig and Wöhler in naming

benzoyl, in the sense of stuff, or fundamental material, then in 1834

by Dumas and Peligot in naming methyl, in the sense of wood. After

this -yl was generally used as in benzoyl, in the sense of stuff,

characteristic ground, fundamental material.


Y*lang`-y*lang”, n.

Defn: See Ihlang-ihlang.


Yle, n.

Defn: Isle. [Obs.] “The barren yle.” Chaucer.


Y” lev`el. (Surv.)

Defn: See under Y, n.


Y*liche”, Y*like”, a. & adv.

Defn: Like; alike. [Obs.] “All . . . yliche good.” Chaucer.


Yl`lan*ra*ton”, n. Etym: [From the native name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The agouara.


Y*mak”ed, obs. p. p. of Make.

Defn: Made.


Y*mel”, prep. Etym: [OE. ymel, imelle, of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. i

milli, i millum (properly, in the middle, fr. mi, me, middle, akin to

E. middle), Dan. imellem, Sw. emellan. See In, and Middle.]

Defn: Among. [Obs.] “Ymel them all.” Chaucer.


Y*nam”bu, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A South American tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens); — called also

perdiz grande, and rufous tinamou. See Illust. of Tinamou.


Y*nough”, Y*now”, a. Etym: [See Enough.]

Defn: Enough. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yock”el, n. Etym: [Cf. Yokel.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle.


Yode, obs. imp. of Go. Etym: [OE. yode, yede, , , eode, AS. eóde,

used as the imp. of gan to go; akin to Goth. iddja I, he, went, L.

ire to go, Gr. i, ya. Issue.]

Defn: Went; walked; proceeded. [Written also yede.] See Yede.

Quer [whether] they rade [rode] or yoke. Cursor Mundi.

Then into Cornhill anon I yode. Lydgate.


Yo”del, Yo”dle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Yodeled, Yodled; p. pr. &

vb. n. Yodeling, Yodling.] Etym: [G. jodeln.]

Defn: To sing in a manner common among the Swiss and Tyrolese

mountaineers, by suddenly changing from the head voice, or falsetto,

to the chest voice, and the contrary; to warble.


Yo”del, Yo”dle, n.

Defn: A song sung by yodeling, as by the Swiss mountaineers.


Yo”dler, n.

Defn: One who yodels.


Yo”ga, n. Etym: [Skr. yoga union.]

Defn: A species of asceticism among the Hindoos, which consists in a

complete abstraction from all worldly objects, by which the votary

expects to obtain union with the universal spirit, and to acquire

superhuman faculties.


Yo”gi, n. Etym: [Skr. yogin.]

Defn: A follower of the yoga philosophy; an ascetic. [Spelt also

yokin.] Whitworth.


Yo”gism, n.

Defn: Yoga, or its practice.


Yo”icks, interj. (Hunting)

Defn: A cry of encouragement to foxhounds.


Yoit, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer. [Prov. Eng.]


Yo”jan, n. Etym: [Skr. y.]

Defn: A measure of distance, varying from four to ten miles, but

usually about five. [India] [Written also yojana.]


Yoke, n. Etym: [OE. yok, , AS. geoc; akin to D. juk, OHG. joh, G.

joch, Icel. & Sw. ok, Dan. aag, Goth. juk, Lith. jungas, Russ. igo,

L. jugum, Gr. yuga, and to L. jungere to join, Gr. yui. Join, Jougs,

Joust, Jugular, Subjugate, Syzycy, Yuga, Zeugma.]

1. A bar or frame of wood by which two oxen are joined at the heads

or necks for working together.

A yearling bullock to thy name shall smoke, Untamed, unconscious of

the galling yoke. Pope.

Note: The modern yoke for oxen is usually a piece of timber hollowed,

or made curving, near each end, and laid on the necks of the oxen,

being secured in place by two bows, one inclosing each neck, and

fastened through the timber. In some countries the yoke consists of a

flat piece of wood fastened to the foreheads of the oxen by thongs

about the horns.

2. A frame or piece resembling a yoke, as in use or shape.


(a) A frame of wood fitted to a person’s shoulders for carrying

pails, etc., suspended on each side; as, a milkmaid’s yoke.

(b) A frame worn on the neck of an animal, as a cow, a pig, a goose,

to prevent passage through a fence.

(c) A frame or convex piece by which a bell is hung for ringing it.

See Illust. of Bell.

(d) A crosspiece upon the head of a boat’s rudder. To its ends lines

are attached which lead forward so that the boat can be steered from


(e) (Mach.) A bent crosspiece connecting two other parts.

(f) (Arch.) A tie securing two timbers together, not used for part of

a regular truss, but serving a temporary purpose, as to provide

against unusual strain.

(g) (Dressmaking) A band shaped to fit the shoulders or the hips, and

joined to the upper full edge of the waist or the skirt.

3. Fig.: That which connects or binds; a chain; a link; a bond


Boweth your neck under that blissful yoke . . . Which that men

clepeth spousal or wedlock. Chaucer.

This yoke of marriage from us both remove. Dryden.

4. A mark of servitude; hence, servitude; slavery; bondage; service.

Our country sinks beneath the yoke. Shak.

My yoke is easy, and my burden is light. Matt. xi. 30.

5. Two animals yoked together; a couple; a pair that work together.

I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them. Luke xiv.


6. The quantity of land plowed in a day by a yoke of oxen. [Obs.]


7. A portion of the working day; as, to work two yokes, that is, to

work both portions of the day, or morning and afternoon. [Prov. Eng.]

Halliwell. Neck yoke, Pig yoke. See under Neck, and Pig.

 — Yoke elm (Bot.), the European hornbeam (Carpinus Betulus), a

small tree with tough white wood, often used for making yokes for



Yoke, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yoked; p. pr. & vb. n. Yoking.]

1. To put a yoke on; to join in or with a yoke; as, to yoke oxen, or

pair of oxen.

2. To couple; to join with another. “Be ye not unequally yoked with

unbelievers.” 2 Cor. vi. 14.

Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb. Shak.

3. To enslave; to bring into bondage; to restrain; to confine.

Then were they yoked with garrisons. Milton.

The words and promises that yoke The conqueror are quickly broke.



Yoke, v. i.

Defn: To be joined or associated; to be intimately connected; to

consort closely; to mate.

We ‘ll yoke together, like a double shadow. Shak.


Yoke”age, n.

Defn: See Rokeage. [Local, U. S.]


Yoke”fel`low, n. Etym: [Yoke + fellow.]

Defn: An associate or companion in, or as in; a mate; a fellow;

especially, a partner in marriage. Phil. iv. 3.

The two languages [English and French] became yokefellows in a still

more intimate manner. Earle.

Those who have most distinguished themselves by railing at the sex,

very often choose one of the most worthless for a companion and

yokefellow. Addison.


Yo”kel, n. Etym: [Perhaps from an AS. word akin to E. gawk.]

Defn: A country bumpkin. [Eng.] Dickens.


Yoke”let, n.

Defn: A small farm; — so called as requiring but one yoke of oxen to

till it. [Prov. Eng.]


Yoke”mate`, n.

Defn: Same as Yokefellow.


Yoke”-toed`, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Having two toes in front and two behind, as the trogons and



Yold, obs. p. p. of Yield.

Defn: Yielded. Spenser.


Yold”en, obs. p. p. of Yield.

Defn: Yielded.


Yolk, n. Etym: [OE. yolke, yelke, ýolke, ýelke, AS. geoloca, geoleca,

fr. geolu yellow. See Yellow.] [Written also yelk.]

1. The yellow part of an egg; the vitellus.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: An oily secretion which naturally covers the wool of sheep.

Yolk cord (Zoöl.), a slender cord or duct which connects the yolk

glands with the egg chambers in certain insects, as in the aphids.

 — Yolk gland (Zoöl.), a special organ which secretes the yolk of

the eggs in many turbellarians, and in some other invertebrates. See

Illust. of Hermaphrodite in Appendix.

 — Yolk sack (Anat.), the umbilical vesicle. See under Unbilical.


Yoll, v. i.

Defn: To yell. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yom, n. [Heb. yom.]

Defn: Day; — a Hebrew word used in the names of various Jewish feast

days; as, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement; Yom Teruah (lit., day of

shouting), the Feast of Trumpets.


Yon, a. Etym: [OE. yon, , AS. geon; akin to G. jener, OHG. jen, Icel.

enn, inn; cf. Goth. jains. Beyond, Yond, Yonder.]

Defn: At a distance, but within view; yonder. [Poetic]

Read thy lot in yon celestial sign. Milton.

Though fast yon shower be fleeting. Keble.


Yon, adv.

Defn: Yonder. [Obs. or Poetic]

But, first and chiefest, with thee bring Him that yon soars on golden

wing. Milton.


Yon”co*pin, n. Etym: [Perhaps corrupted from Illinois micoupena,

Chippewa makopin, the American lotus.] (Bot.)

Defn: A local name in parts of the Mississippi Valley for the

American lotus (Nelumbo lutea).


Yond, a. Etym: [Cf. AS. anda, onda, anger, andian to be angry.]

Defn: Furious; mad; angry; fierce. [Obs.] “Then wexeth wood and

yond.” Spenser.


Yond, adv. & a. Etym: [OE. yond, ýond, ýeond, through, beyond, over,

AS. geond, adv. & prep.; cf. Goth. jaind thither. sq. root188. See

Yon, a.]

Defn: Yonder. [Obs.] “Yond in the garden.” Chaucer.


Yon”der, adv. Etym: [OE. yonder, ýonder; cf. OD. ginder, Goth. jaindr

there. Yond, adv.]

Defn: At a distance, but within view.

Yonder are two apple women scolding. Arbuthnot.


Yon”der, a.

Defn: Being at a distance within view, or conceived of as within

view; that or those there; yon. “Yon flowery arbors, yonder alleys

green.” Milton. “Yonder sea of light.” Keble.

Yonder men are too many for an embassage. Bacon.


Yo”ni, n. Etym: [Skr. y.] (Hindoo Myth.)

Defn: The symbol under which Sakti, or the personification of the

female power in nature, is worshiped. Cf. Lingam.


Yon”ker, n. Etym: [See Younker.]

Defn: A young fellow; a younker. [Obs. or Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.


Yore, adv. Etym: [OE. , yare, , AS. geára;akin to geár a year, E.

year. Year.]

Defn: In time long past; in old time; long since. [Obs. or Poetic]

As it hath been of olde times yore. Chaucer.

Which though he hath polluted oft and yore, Yet I to them for

judgment just do fly. Spenser.

Of yore, of old time; long ago; as, in times or days of yore. “But

Satan now is wiser than of yore.” Pope.

Where Abraham fed his flock of yore. Keble.


York”er, n. (Cricket)

Defn: A tice.


York rite. (Freemasonry)

Defn: The rite or ceremonial observed by one of the Masonic systems,

deriving its name from the city of York, in England; also, the system

itself, which, in England, confers only the first three degrees.


York”shire, n.

Defn: A county in the north of England. Yorkshire grit, a kind of

stone used for polishing marble, and copperplates for engravers.


 — Yorkshire pudding, a batter pudding baked under meat.


York” use`. (Eccl.)

Defn: The one of the three printed uses of England which was followed

in the north. It was based on the Sarum use. See Use, n., 6. Shipley.


Yot, v. t.

Defn: To unite closely. [Prov. Eng.]


Yote, v. t. Etym: [OE. , , to pour, AS. geótan. See Found to cast.]

Defn: To pour water on; to soak in, or mix with, water. [Obs. or

Prov. Eng.] Grose.

My fowls, which well enough, I, as before, found feeding at their

trough Their yoted wheat. Chapman.


You, pron. [Possess. Your or Yours (; dat. & obj. You.] Etym: [OE.

you, eou, eow, dat. & acc., AS. eów, used as dat. & acc. of ge, g,

ye; akin to OFries. iu, io, D. u, G. euch, OHG. iu, dat., iuwih,

acc., Icel. y, dat. & acc., Goth. izwis; of uncertain origin. sq.

root189. Cf. Your.]

Defn: The pronoun of the second person, in the nominative, dative,

and objective case, indicating the person or persons addressed. See

the Note under Ye.

Ye go to Canterbury; God you speed. Chaucer.

Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you To leave this place. Shak.

In vain you tell your parting lover You wish fair winds may waft him

over. Prior.

Note: Though you is properly a plural, it is in all ordinary

discourse used also in addressing a single person, yet properly

always with a plural verb. “Are you he that hangs the verses on the

trees, wherein Rosalind is so admired ” Shak. You and your are

sometimes used indefinitely, like we, they, one, to express persons

not specified. “The looks at a distance like a new-plowed land; but

as you come near it, you see nothing but a long heap of heavy,

disjointed clods.” Addison. “Your medalist and critic are much nearer

related than the world imagine.” Addison. “It is always pleasant to

be forced to do what you wish to do, but what, until pressed, you

dare not attempt.” Hook. You is often used reflexively for yourself

of yourselves. “Your highness shall repose you at the tower.” Shak.


Youl, v. i.

Defn: To yell; to yowl. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Young, a. [Compar. Younger; superl. Youngest.] Etym: [OE. yung, yong,

, , AS. geong; akin to OFries. iung, iong, D. joing, OS., OHG., & G.

jung, Icel. ungr, Sw. & Dan. ung, Goth. juggs, Lith. jaunas, Russ.

iunuii, L. juvencus, juvenis, Skr. juva, juven. Junior, Juniper,

Juvenile, Younker, Youth.]

1. Not long born; still in the first part of life; not yet arrived at

adolescence, maturity, or age; not old; juvenile; — said of animals;

as, a young child; a young man; a young fawn.

For he so young and tender was of age. Chaucer.

“Whom the gods love, die young,” has been too long carelessly said; .

. . whom the gods love, live young forever. Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

2. Being in the first part, pr period, of growth; as, a young plant;

a young tree.

While the fears of the people were young. De Foe.

3. Having little experience; inexperienced; unpracticed; ignorant;


Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this. Shak.


Young, n.

Defn: The offspring of animals, either a single animal or offspring


[The egg] bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed Their callow

young. Milton.

With young, with child; pregnant.


Young”ger, n.

Defn: One who is younger; an inferior in age; a junior. “The elder

shall serve the younger.” Rom. ix. 12.


Young”ish, a.

Defn: Somewhat young. Tatler.


Young”ling, n. Etym: [AS. geongling.]

Defn: A young person; a youth; also, any animal in its early life.

“More dear . . . than younglings to their dam.” Spenser.

He will not be so willing, I think, to join with you as with us

younglings. Ridley.


Young”ling, a.

Defn: Young; youthful. Wordsworth.


Young”ly, a. Etym: [AS. geonglic.]

Defn: Like a young person or thing; young; youthful. [Obs.] Shak.


Young”ly, adv.

1. In a young manner; in the period of youth; early in life. [Obs.]


2. Ignorantly; weakly. [R.]


Young Men’s Christian Association.

Defn: An organization for promoting the spiritual, intellectual,

social, and physical welfare of young men, founded, June 6, 1844, by

George Williams (knighted therefor by Queen Victoria) in London. In

1851 it extended to the United States and Canada, and in 1855

representatives of similar organizations throughout Europe and

America formed an international body. The movement has successfully

expanded not only among young men in general, but also specifically

among railroad men, in the army and navy, with provision for Indians

and negroes, and a full duplication of all the various lines of

oepration in the boys’ departments.


Young”ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being young.


Young one.

Defn: A young human being; a child; also, a young animal, as a colt.


Young”ster, n.

Defn: A young person; a youngling; a lad. [Colloq.] “He felt himself

quite a youngster, with a long life before him.” G. Eliot.


Youngth, n.

Defn: Youth. [Obs.]

Youngth is a bubble blown up with breath. Spenser.


Youngth”ly, a.

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, youth; youthful. [Obs.] Spenser.


Young Women’s Christian Association.

Defn: An organization for promoting the spiritual, intellectual,

social, and economic welfare of young women, originating in 1855 with

Lady Kinnaird’s home for young women, and Miss Emma Robert’s prayer

union for young women,in England, which were combined in the year

1884 as a national association. Now nearly all the civilized

countries, and esp. the United States, have local, national, and

international organizations.


Youn”ker, n. Etym: [D. jonker, jonkeer; jong young + heer a lord,

sir, gentleman. See Young, a.]

Defn: A young person; a stripling; a yonker. [Obs. or Colloq.]

That same younker soon was overthrown. Spenser.


You”pon, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Yaupon.


Your, pron. & a. Etym: [OE. your, , eowr, eower, AS. eówer,

originally used as the gen. of ge, ge, ye; akin to OFries. iuwer

your, OS. iuwar, D. uw, OHG. iuwer, G. euer, Icel. ythar, Goth.

izwara, izwar, and E. you. *189. See You.]

Defn: The form of the possessive case of the personal pronoun you.

Note: The possessive takes the form yours when the noun to which it

refers is not expressed, but implied; as, this book is yours. “An old

fellow of yours.” Chaucer.


Yours, pron.

Defn: See the Note under Your.


Yours (ürz), pron.

Defn: See the Note under Your.


Your*self”, pron.; pl. Yourselves. Etym: [Your + self.]

Defn: An emphasized or reflexive form of the pronoun of the second

person; — used as a subject commonly with you; as, you yourself

shall see it; also, alone in the predicate, either in the nominative

or objective case; as, you have injured yourself.

Of which right now ye han yourselve heard. Chaucer.

If yourselves are old, make it your cause. Shak.

Why should you be so cruel to yourself Milton.

The religious movement which you yourself, as well as I, so

faithfully followed from first to last. J. H. Newman.


Youth (uth), n.; pl. Youths (uths; 264) or collectively Youth. Etym:

[OE. youthe, youhþe, ýuhethe, ýuwethe, ýeoýethe, AS. geoguth,

geogoth; akin to OS. jugth, D. jeugd, OHG. jugund, G. jugend, Goth.

junda. *281. See Young.]

1. The quality or state of being young; youthfulness; juvenility. “In

my flower of youth.” Milton.

Such as in his face Youth smiled celestial. Milton.

2. The part of life that succeeds to childhood; the period of

existence preceding maturity or age; the whole early part of life,

from childhood, or, sometimes, from infancy, to manhood.

He wondered that your lordship Would suffer him to spend his youth at

home. Shak.

Those who pass their youth in vice are justly condemned to spend

their age in folly. Rambler.

3. A young person; especially, a young man.

Seven youths from Athens yearly sent. Dryden.

4. Young persons, collectively.

It is fit to read the best authors to youth first. B. Jonson.


Youth”ful, a.

1. Not yet mature or aged; young. “Two youthful knights.” Dryden.

Defn: Also used figuratively. “The youthful season of the year.”


2. Of or pertaining to the early part of life; suitable to early

life; as, youthful days; youthful sports. “Warm, youthful blood.”

Shak. “Youthful thoughts.” Milton.

3. Fresh; vigorous, as in youth.

After millions of millions of ages . . . still youthful and

flourishing. Bentley.


 — Puerile; juvenile.

 — Youthful, Puerile, Juvenile. Puerile is always used in a bad

sense, or at least in the sense of what is suitable to a boy only;

as, puerile objections, puerile amusements, etc. Juvenile is

sometimes taken in a bad sense, as when speaking of youth in contrast

with manhood; as, juvenile tricks; a juvenile performance. Youthful

is commonly employed in a good sense; as, youthful aspirations; or at

least by way of extenuating; as, youthful indiscretions. “Some men,

imagining themselves possessed with a divine fury, often fall into

toys and trifles, which are only puerilities.” Dryden. “Raw, juvenile

writers imagine that, by pouring forth figures often, they render

their compositions warm and animated.” Blair.

 — Youth”ful*ly, adv.

 — Youth”ful*ness, n.


Youth”hood, n. Etym: [AS. geoguedhhad. See Youth, and -hood.]

Defn: The quality or state of being a youth; the period of youth.



Youth”ly, a. Etym: [AS. geoguedhlic.]

Defn: Young; youthful. [Obs.] “All my youthly days.” Spenser.


Youth”some, a.

Defn: Youthful. [Obs.] Pepys.


Youth”y, a.

Defn: Young. [Obs.] Spectator.


Youze, n. Etym: [From a native East Indian name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The cheetah.


Yow, pron.

Defn: You. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Yowe, n. Etym: [See Ewe.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A ewe. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] G. Eliot.


Yowl, v. i. Etym: [See Yawl, v. i.]

Defn: To utter a loud, long, and mournful cry, as a dog; to howl; to



Yowl, n.

Defn: A loud, protracted, and mournful cry, as that of a dog; a howl.


Yow”ley, n. Etym: [Cf. Yellow.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer. [Prov. Eng.]


Yox, v. i.

Defn: See Yex. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Y*pight”, obs. p. p. of Pitch.

Defn: See Pight.


Yp”o*cras, n.

Defn: Hippocras. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Y”pres lace`.

Defn: Fine bobbin lace made at Ypres in Belgium, usually exactly like

Valenciennes lace.


Yp*sil”i*form, a. Etym: [Gr. -form.] (Biol.)

Defn: Resembling the


Yp”si*loid, a. (Anat.)

Defn: In the form of the letter Y; Y-shaped.


Y*raft”, obs. p. p. of Reave.

Defn: Bereft. Chaucer.


Yr”en, n.

Defn: Iron. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Y*ron”ne, obs. p. p. of Run.

Defn: Run. Chaucer.


Y*same”, adv. Etym: [See Same.]

Defn: Together. [Obs.] “And in a bag all sorts of seeds ysame.”




Defn: , an old method of printing that (AS. æt, edhæt) the “y” taking

the place of the old letter “Þ”). Cf. Ye, the.


Yt, Yt (that),

Defn: an old method of printing that (AS. þæt, ðæt) the “y” taking

the place of the old letter “thorn” (þ).  Cf. Ye, the.


Y*throwe”, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Throw. Chaucer.


Yt*ter”bic, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, ytterbium; containing



Yt*ter”bi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Ytterby, in Sweden. See Erbium.]


Defn: A rare element of the boron group, sometimes associated with

yttrium or other related elements, as in euxenite and gadolinite.

Symbol Yb; provisional atomic weight 173.2. Cf. Yttrium.

Note: Ytterbium is associated with other rare elements, and probably

has not been prepared in a pure state.


Yt”tri*a, n. Etym: [NL. See Yttrium.] (Chem.)

Defn: The oxide, Y2O3, or earth, of yttrium.


Yt”tric, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, yttrium.


Yt*trif”er*ous, a.

Defn: Bearing or containing yttrium or the allied elements; as,

gadolinite is one of the yttriferous minerals.


Yt”tri*ous, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Same as Yttric.


Yt”tri*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Ytterby, in Sweden. See Erbium.]


Defn: A rare metallic element of the boron-aluminium group, found in

gadolinite and other rare minerals, and extracted as a dark gray

powder. Symbol Y. Atomic weight, 89. [Written also ittrium.]

Note: Associated with yttrium are certain rare elements, as erbium,

ytterbium, samarium, etc., which are separated in a pure state with

great difficulty. They are studied by means of their spark or

phosphorescent spectra. Yttrium is now regarded as probably not a

simple element, but as a mixture of several substances.


Yt`tro-ce”rite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A mineral of a violet-blue color, inclining to gray and white.

It is a hydrous fluoride of cerium, yttrium, and calcium.


Yt`tro-co*lum”bite, Yt`tro-tan”ta*lite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A tantalate of uranium, yttrium, and calcium, of a brown or

black color.


Yu, n. Etym: [Chin.] (Min.)

Defn: Jade.


Yuc”ca, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Flicker, n., 2.


Yuc”ca, n. Etym: [NL., from Yuca, its name in St. Domingo.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of American liliaceous, sometimes arborescent, plants

having long, pointed, and often rigid, leaves at the top of a more or

less woody stem, and bearing a large panicle of showy white blossoms.

Note: The species with more rigid leaves (as Yucca aloifolia, Y.

Treculiana, and Y. baccata) are called Spanish bayonet, and one with

softer leaves (Y. filamentosa) is called bear grass, and Adam’s

needle. Yucca moth (Zoöl.), a small silvery moth (Pronuba yuccasella)

whose larvæ feed on plants of the genus Yucca.


Yuc”ca bor`er.

 (a) A California boring weevil (Yuccaborus frontalis).

 (b) A large mothlike butterfly (Megathymus yuccæ) of the family

Megatimidæ, whose larva bores in yucca roots.


Yuck, v. i. Etym: [Cf. G. jucken, D. yeuken, joken. See Itch.]

Defn: To itch. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.


Yuck, v. t.

Defn: To scratch. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


Yuck”el, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Yockel.


Yu”en, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The crowned gibbon (Hylobates pileatus), native of Siam,

Southern China, and the Island of Hainan. It is entirely arboreal in

its habits, and has very long arms. the males are dark brown or

blackish, with a caplike mass of long dark hair, and usually with a

white band around the face. The females are yellowish white, with a

dark spot on the breast and another on the crown. Called also wooyen,

and wooyen ape.


Yufts, n. Etym: [Russ. iufte.]

Defn: Russia leather.


Yug, Yu”ga, n. Etym: [Skr. yuga an age, a yoke. See Yoke.] (Hindoo


Defn: Any one of the four ages, Krita, or Satya, Treta, Dwapara, and

Kali, into which the Hindoos divide the duration or existence of the



Yuke, v. i. & t.

Defn: Same as Yuck. [Prov. Eng.]


Yu”lan, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A species of Magnolia (M. conspicua) with large white blossoms

that open before the leaves. See the Note under Magnolia.


Yule, n. Etym: [OE. yol, ýol, AS. geól; akin to geóla December or

January, Icel. jol Yule, Ylir the name of a winter month, Sw. jul

Christmas, Dan. juul, Goth. jiuleis November or December. Cf. Jolly.]

Defn: Christmas or Christmastide; the feast of the Nativity of our


And at each pause they kiss; was never seen such rule In any place

but here, at bonfire, or at Yule. Drayton.

Yule block, or Yule log, a large log of wood formerly put on the

hearth of Christmas eve, as the foundation of the fire. It was

brought in with much ceremony.

 — Yule clog, the yule log. Halliwell. W. Irving.


Yule”tide`, n.

Defn: Christmas time; Christmastide; the season of Christmas.


Yu”man, a.

Defn: Designating, or pertaining to, an important linguistic stock of

North American Indians of the southwestern United States and

northwestern Mexico, nearly all agriculturists and adept potters and

basket makers. Their usual dwelling is the brush wikiup, and in their

native state they wear little clothing. The Yuma, Maricopa, Mohave,

Walapi, and Yavapai are among the chief tribes, all of fine physique.


Yu”mas, n. pl.; sing. Yuma (. (Ethnol.)

Defn: A tribe of Indians native of Arizona and the adjacent parts of

Mexico and California. They are agricultural, and cultivate corn,

wheat, barley, melons, etc.

Note: The a wider sense, the term sometimes includes the Mohaves and

other allied tribes.


Yun”ca (yoon”ka), n.

Defn: An Indian of a linguistic stock of tribes of the Peruvian coast

who had a developed agricultural civilization at the advent of the

Spaniards, before which they had been conquered by the Incas. They

constructed irrigation canals which are still in use, adorned their

buildings with bas-reliefs and frescoes, and were skilled goldsmiths

and silversmiths. — Yun”can (#), a.


Yunx, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A genus of birds comprising the wrynecks.


Yu”pon, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Yaupon.


Yux, n. & v.

Defn: See Yex, n. [Obs.]


Y”vel, a. & adv.

Defn: Evil; ill. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Y*war”, a. Etym: [See Aware.]

Defn: Aware; wary. [Obs.] “Be ywar, and his way shun.” Piers Plowman.


Y*wis”, adv. Etym: [OE. ywis, iwis, AS. gewis certain; akin to D.

gewis, G. gewiss, and E. wit to know. See Wit to know, and Y-.]

Defn: Certainly; most likely; truly; probably. [Obs. or Archaic]

“Ywis,” quod he, “it is full dear, I say.” Chaucer.

She answered me, “I-wisse, all their sport in the park is but a

shadow to that pleasure that I find in Plato.” Ascham.

A right good knight, and true of word ywis. Spenser.

Note: The common form iwis was often written with the prefix apart

from the rest of the word and capitalized, as, I wis, I wisse, etc.

The prefix was mistaken for the pronoun, I and wis, wisse, for a form

of the verb wit to know. See Wis, and cf. Wit, to know.

Our ship, I wis, Shall be of another form than this. Longfellow.

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