English dictionary words starting with Y from page 17751 to 17800

YELLOW

Yel”low, n.

1. A bright golden color, reflecting more light than any other except

white; the color of that part of the spectrum which is between the

orange and green. “A long motley coat guarded with yellow.” Shak.

2. A yellow pigment. Cadmium yellow, Chrome yellow, Indigo yellow,

King’s yellow, etc. See under Cadmium, Chrome, etc.

 — Naples yellow, a yellow amorphous pigment, used in oil,

porcelain, and enamel painting, consisting of a basic lead

metantimonate, obtained by fusing together tartar emetic lead

nitrate, and common salt.

 — Patent yellow (Old Chem.), a yellow pigment consisting

essentially of a lead oxychloride; — called also Turner’s yellow.

YELLOW

Yel”low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yellowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Yellowing.]

Defn: To make yellow; to cause to have a yellow tinge or color; to

dye yellow.

YELLOW

Yel”low, v. i.

Defn: To become yellow or yellower.

YELLOWAMMER

Yel”low*am`mer, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Yellow-hammer.

YELLOWBILL

Yel”low*bill`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The American scoter.

YELLOWBIRD

Yel”low*bird`, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) The American goldfinch, or thistle bird. See Goldfinch.

(b) The common yellow warbler; — called also summer yellowbird. See

Illust. of Yellow warbler, under Yellow, a.

YELLOW BOOK

Yellow Book. [F. livre jaune.]

Defn: In France, an official government publication bound in yellow

covers.

YELLOW-COVERED

Yel”low-cov`ered, a.

Defn: Covered or bound in yellow paper. Yellow-covered literature,

cheap sensational novels and trashy magazines; — formerly so called

from the usual color of their covers. [Colloq. U. S.] Bartlett.

YELLOW-EYED

Yel”low-eyed`, a.

Defn: Having yellow eyes. Yellow-eyed grass (Bot.), any plant of the

genus Xyris.

YELLOWFIN

Yel”low*fin`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A large squeteague.

YELLOWFISH

Yel”low*fish`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A rock trout (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) found on the coast

of Alaska; — called also striped fish, and Atka mackerel.

YELLOW-GOLDS

Yel”low-golds`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A certain plant, probably the yellow oxeye. B. Jonson.

YELLOWHAMMER

Yel”low*ham`mer, n. Etym: [For yellow-ammer, where ammer is fr. AS.

amore a kind of bird; akin to G. ammer a yellow-hammer, OHG. amero.]

(Zoöl.)

(a) A common European finch (Emberiza citrinella). The color of the

male is bright yellow on the breast, neck, and sides of the head,

with the back yellow and brown, and the top of the head and the tail

quills blackish. Called also yellow bunting, scribbling lark, and

writing lark. [Written also yellow-ammer.]

(b) The flicker. [Local, U. S.]

YELLOWING

Yel”low*ing, n.

Defn: The act or process of making yellow.

Softened . . . by the yellowing which time has given. G. Eliot.

YELLOWISH

Yel”low*ish, a.

Defn: Somewhat yellow; as, amber is of a yellowish color.

 — Yel”low*ish*ness, n.

YELLOWLEGS

Yel”low*legs`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of long-legged sandpipers of the

genus Totanus, in which the legs are bright yellow; — called also

stone snipe, tattler, telltale, yellowshanks; and yellowshins. See

Tattler, 2.

YELLOWNESS

Yel”low*ness, n.

1. The quality or state of being yellow; as, the yellowness of an

orange.

2. Jealousy. [Obs.]

I will possess him with yellowness. Shak.

YELLOWROOT

Yel”low*root`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Any one of several plants with yellow roots. Specifically:

(a) See Xanthorhiza.

(b) Same as Orangeroot.

YELLOWS

Yel”lows, n.

1. (Far.)

Defn: A disease of the bile in horses, cattle, and sheep, causing

yellowness of the eyes; jaundice.

His horse . . . sped with spavins, rayed with the yellows. Shak.

2. (Bot.)

Defn: A disease of plants, esp. of peach trees, in which the leaves

turn to a yellowish color; jeterus.

3. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A group of butterflies in which the predominating color is

yellow. It includes the common small yellow butterflies. Called also

redhorns, and sulphurs. See Sulphur.

YELLOWSEED

Yel”low*seed`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of pepper grass (Lepidium campestre).

YELLOWSHANKS; YELLOWSHINS

Yel”low*shanks`, Yel”low*shins`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Yellolegs.

YELLOWTAIL

Yel”low*tail`, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) Any one of several species of marine carangoid fishes of the

genus Seriola; especially, the large California species (S. dorsalis)

which sometimes weighs thirty or forty pounds, and is highly esteemed

as a food fish; — called also cavasina, and white salmon.

(b) The mademoiselle, or silver perch.

(c) The menhaden.

(d) The runner, 12.

(e) A California rockfish (Sebastodes flavidus).

(f) The sailor’s choice (Diplodus rhomboides).

Note: Several other fishes are also locally called yellowtail.

YELLOWTHROAT

Yel”low*throat`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of American ground warblers of the

genus Geothlypis, esp. the Maryland yellowthroat (G. trichas), which

is a very common species.

YELLOWTOP

Yel”low*top`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of grass, perhaps a species of Agrostis.

YELLOWWOOD

Yel”low*wood`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: The wood of any one of several different kinds of trees; also,

any one of the trees themselves. Among the trees so called are the

Cladrastis tinctoria, an American leguminous tree; the several

species of prickly ash (Xanthoxylum); the Australian Flindersia

Oxleyana, a tree related to the mahogany; certain South African

species of Podocarpus, trees related to the yew; the East Indian

Podocarpus latifolia; and the true satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).

All these Old World trees furnish valuable timber.

YELLOWWORT

Yel”low*wort`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A European yellow-flowered, gentianaceous (Chlora perfoliata).

The whole plant is intensely bitter, and is sometimes used as a

tonic, and also in dyeing yellow.

YELP

Yelp, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Yelped; p. pr. & vb. n. Yelping.] Etym:

[OE. yelpen, , to boast, boast noisily, AS. gielpan, gilpan, gylpan;

akin to OHG. gelph arrogant: cf. Icel. gjalpa to yelp. Cf. Yap.]

1. To boast. [Obs.]

I keep [care] not of armes for to yelpe. Chaucer.

2. To utter a sharp, quick cry, as a hound; to bark shrilly with

eagerness, pain, or fear; to yaup.

A little herd of England’s timorous deer, Mazed with a yelping kennel

of French curs Shak.

At the least flourish of a broomstick or ladle, he would fly to the

door with a yelping precipitation. W. Irving.

YELP

Yelp, n.

Defn: A sharp, quick cry; a bark. Chaucer.

YELPER

Yelp”er, n.

Defn: An animal that yelps, or makes a yelping noise. Specifically:

(Zoöl.)

(a) The avocet; — so called from its sharp, shrill cry. [Prov. Eng.]

(b) The tattler. [Local, U. S.]

YELTING

Yel”ting, n. [Orig. uncert.]

Defn: The Florida and West Indian red snapper (Lutianus aya); also,

sometimes, one of certain other allied species, as L. caxis.

YEMAN

Ye”man, n.

Defn: A yeoman. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YEN

Yen, n.

Defn: The unit of value and account in Japan. Since Japan’s adoption

of the gold standard, in 1897, the value of the yen has been about 50

cents. The yen is equal to 100 sen.

YEND

Yend, v. t.

Defn: To throw; to cast. [Prov. Eng.]

YENITE

Ye”nite, n. Etym: [After Jena, in Germany.] (Min.)

Defn: A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic

crystals; — also called ilvaite. [Spelt also jenite.]

YEOMAN

Yeo”man, n.; pl. Yeomen. Etym: [OE. yoman, ýeman, ýoman; of uncertain

origin; perhaps the first, syllable is akin to OFries. ga district,

region, G. gau, OHG. gewi, gouwi, Goth. gawi. sq. root100.]

1. A common man, or one of the commonly of the first or most

respectable class; a freeholder; a man free born.

Note: A yeoman in England is considered as next in order to the

gentry. The word is little used in the United States, unless as a

title in law proceedings and instruments, designating occupation, and

this only in particular States.

2. A servant; a retainer. [Obs.]

A yeman hadde he and servants no mo. Chaucer.

3. A yeoman of the guard; also, a member of the yeomanry cavalry.

[Eng.]

4. (Naut.)

Defn: An interior officer under the boatswain, gunner, or carpenters,

charged with the stowage, account, and distribution of the stores.

Yeoman of the guard, one of the bodyguard of the English sovereign,

consisting of the hundred yeomen, armed with partisans, and habited

in the costume of the sixteenth century. They are members of the

royal household.

YEOMANLIKE

Yeo”man*like`, a.

Defn: Resembling, or suitable to, a yeoman; yeomanly.

YEOMANLY

Yeo”man*ly, a.

Defn: Pertaining to a yeoman; becoming or suitable to, a yeoman;

yeomanlike. B. Jonson.

Well could he dress his tackle yeomanly. Chaucer.

YEOMANRY

Yeo”man*ry, n.

1. The position or rank of a yeoman. [Obs.] “His estate of yeomanry.”

Chaucer.

2. The collective body of yeomen, or freeholders.

The enfranchised yeomanry began to feel an instinct for dominion.

Bancroft.

3. The yeomanry cavalry. [Eng.] Yeomanry cavalry, certain bodies of

volunteer cavalry liable to service in Great Britain only. [Eng.]

YEORLING

Yeor”ling, n. Etym: [Cf. Yellow.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer.

YER

Yer, prep.

Defn: Ere; before. [Obs.] Sylvester.

YERBA

Yer”ba, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Bot.)

Defn: An herb; a plant.

Note: This word is much used in compound names of plants in Spanish;

as, yerba buena Etym: [Sp., a good herb], a name applied in Spain to

several kinds of mint (Mentha sativa, viridis, etc.), but in

California universally applied to a common, sweet-scented labiate

plant (Micromeria Douglasii). Yerba dol osa. Etym: [Sp., herb of the

she-bear.] A kind of buckthorn (Rhamnus Californica).

 — Yerba mansa. Etym: [Sp., a mild herb, soft herb.] A plant

(Anemopsis Californica) with a pungent, aromatic rootstock, used

medicinally by the Mexicans and the Indians.

 — Yerba reuma. Etym: [Cf. Sp. reuma rheum, rheumatism.] A low

California undershrub (Frankenia grandifolia).

YERD

Yerd, n.

Defn: See 1st & 2d Yard. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YERK

Yerk, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yerked; p. pr. & vb. n. Yerking.] Etym:

[See Yerk.]

1. To throw or thrust with a sudden, smart movement; to kick or

strike suddenly; to jerk.

Their wounded steeds . . . Yerk out their armed heels at their dead

masters. Shak.

2. To strike or lash with a whip. [Obs. or Scot.]

YERK

Yerk, v. i.

1. To throw out the heels; to kick; to jerk.

They flirt, they yerk, they backward . . . fling. Drayton.

2. To move a quick, jerking motion.

YERK

Yerk, n.

Defn: A sudden or quick thrust or motion; a jerk.

YERN

Yern, v. i.

Defn: See 3d Yearn. [Obs.]

YERN

Yern, a. Etym: [OE. ýern, ýeorne, AS. georn desirous, eager. See

Yearn to long.]

Defn: Eager; brisk; quick; active. [Obs.] “Her song . . . loud and

yern.” Chaucer.

YERNE

Yerne, adv. Etym: [OE. ýeorne. See Yern, a.]

Defn: Eagerly; briskly; quickly. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

My hands and my tongue go so yerne. Chaucer.

YERNUT

Yer”nut`, n. Etym: [Cf. Dan. jordnöd, Sw. jordnöt, earthnut. Cf.

Jarnut.]

Defn: An earthnut, or groundnut. See Groundnut (d). [Written also

yarnut.]

YERST

Yerst, adv.

Defn: See Erst. [Obs.] Sylvester.

YES

Yes, adv. Etym: [OE. yis, ýis, ýes, ýise, AS. gese, gise; probably

fr. geá yea + swa so. sq. root188. See Yea, and So.]

Defn: Ay; yea; — a word which expresses affirmation or consent; —

opposed to Ant: no.

Note: Yes is used, like yea, to enforce, by repetition or addition,

something which precedes; as, you have done all this — yes, you have

done more. “Yes, you despise the man books confined.” Pope.

Note: “The fine distinction between `yea’ and `yes,’ `nay’ and `no,’

that once existed in English, has quite disappeared. `Yea’ and `nay’

in Wyclif’s time, and a good deal later, were the answers to

questions framed in the affirmative. `Will he come’ To this it would

have been replied, `Yea’ or `Nay’, as the case might be. But, `Will

he not come’ To this the answer would have been `Yes’ or `No.’ Sir

Thomas More finds fault with Tyndale, that in his translation of the

Bible he had not observed this distinction, which was evidently

therefore going out even then, that is, in the reign of Henry VIII.;

and shortly after it was quite forgotten.” Trench.

YEST

Yest, n.

Defn: See Yeast. Shak.

YESTER

Yes”ter, a. Etym: [See Yesterday.]

Defn: Last; last past; next before; of or pertaining to yesterday.

[An enemy] whom yester sun beheld Mustering her charms. Dryden.

Note: This word is now seldom used except in a few compounds; as,

yesterday, yesternight, etc.

YESTERDAY

Yes”ter*day, n. Etym: [OE. ýisterdai, AS. geostran dæg, from

geostran, geostra, giestran, gistran, gystran, yesterday (akin to D.

gisteren, G. gestern, OHG. gestaron, Icel. gær yesterday, to-morrow,

Goth. gistradagis to-morrow, L. heri yesterday, Gr. hyas) + dæg day.

Cf. Hestern.

1. The day last past; the day next before the present.

All our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Shak.

We are but of yesterday, and know nothing. Job viii. 9.

2. Fig.: A recent time; time not long past.

The proudest royal houses are but of yesterday, when compared with

the line of supreme pontiffs. Macaulay.

YESTERDAY

Yes”ter*day, adv.

Defn: On the day last past; on the day preceding to-day; as, the

affair took place yesterday.

YESTEREVE; YESTER-EVENING

Yes”ter*eve`, Yes”ter-e`ven*ing, n.

Defn: The evening of yesterday; the evening last past.

YESTERMORN; YESTER-MORNING

Yes”ter*morn`, Yes”ter-morn`ing, n.

Defn: The morning of yesterday. Coleridge.

YESTERN

Yes”tern, a. Etym: [See Yester.]

Defn: Of or pertaining to yesterday; relating to the day last past.

YESTERNIGHT

Yes”ter*night`, n.

Defn: The last night; the night last past.

YESTERNIGHT

Yes”ter*night`, adv. Etym: [AS. gystran niht. See Yesterday.]

Defn: On the last night. B. Jonson.

YESTERNOON

Yes”ter*noon`, n.

Defn: The noon of yesterday; the noon last past.

YESTERWEEK

Yes”ter*week`, n.

Defn: The week last past; last week.

YESTERYEAR

Yes”ter*year`, n.

Defn: The year last past; last year.

YESTREEN

Yes`treen”, n.

Defn: Yester-evening; yesternight; last night. [R. or Scot.]

Yestreen I did not know How largely I could live. Bp. Coxe.

YESTY

Yest”y, a.

Defn: See Yeasty. Shak.

YET

Yet, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of large marine gastropods belonging

to the genus Yetus, or Cymba; a boat shell.

YET

Yet, adv. Etym: [OE. yet, ýet, ýit, AS. git, gyt, giet, gieta; akin

to OFries. ieta, eta, ita, MHG. iezuo, ieze, now, G. jetzo, jetzt.]

1. In addition; further; besides; over and above; still. “A little

longer; yet a little longer.” Dryden.

This furnishes us with yet one more reason why our savior, lays such

a particular stress acts of mercy. Atterbury.

The rapine is made yet blacker by the pretense of piety and justice.

L’Estrange.

2. At the same time; by continuance from a former state; still.

Facts they had heard while they were yet heathens. Addison.

3. Up to the present time; thus far; hitherto; until now; — and with

the negative, not yet, not up to the present time; not as soon as

now; as, Is it time to go Not yet. See As yet, under As, conj.

Ne never yet no villainy ne said. Chaucer.

4. Before some future time; before the end; eventually; in time. “He

‘ll be hanged yet.” Shak.

5. Even; — used emphatically.

Men may not too rashly believe the confessions of witches, nor yet

the evidence against them. Bacon.

YET

Yet, conj.

Defn: Nevertheless; notwithstanding; however.

Yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not

arrayed like one of these. Matt. vi. 29.

Syn.

 — See However.

YEVE

Yeve, v. i.

Defn: To give. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YEVEN

Yev”en, p. p.

Defn: Given. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YEW

Yew, v. i.

Defn: See Yaw.

YEW

Yew, n. Etym: [OE. ew, AS. eów, iw, eoh; akin to D. ijf, OHG. iwa,

iha, G. eibe, Icel. ; cf. Ir. iubhar, Gael. iubhar, iughar, W. yw,

ywen, Lith. jëva the black alder tree.]

1. (Bot.)

Defn: An evergreen tree (Taxus baccata) of Europe, allied to the

pines, but having a peculiar berrylike fruit instead of a cone. It

frequently grows in British churchyards.

2. The wood of the yew. It is light red in color, compact, fine-

grained, and very elastic. It is preferred to all other kinds of wood

for bows and whipstocks, the best for these purposes coming from

Spain.

Note: The American yew (Taxus baccata, var. Canadensis) is a low and

straggling or prostrate bush, never forming an erect trunk. The

California yew (Taxus brevifolia) is a good-sized tree, and its wood

is used for bows, spear handles, paddles, and other similar

implements. Another yew is found in Florida, and there are species in

Japan and the Himalayas.

3. A bow for shooting, made of the yew.

YEW

Yew (u), a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to yew trees; made of the wood of a yew tree;

as, a yew whipstock.

YEWEN

Yew”en, a.

Defn: Made of yew; as, yewen bows.

YEX

Yex, v. i. Etym: [OE. ýexen, yesken, AS. giscian to sob.]

Defn: To hiccough. [Written also yox, yux.] [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

He yexeth and he speaketh through the nose. Chaucer.

YEX

Yex, n. Etym: [AS. geocsa a sobbing, hiccough. Cf. Yex, v. i.]

Defn: A hiccough. [Written also yox, and yux.] [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

“The excessive yex.” Holland.

YEZDEGERDIAN

Yez`de*ger”di*an, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to Yezdegerd, the last Sassanian monarch of

Persia, who was overthrown by the Mohammedans; as, the Yezdegerdian

era, which began on the 16th of June, a. d. 632. The era is still

used by the Parsees.

YEZDI

Yez”di, n.

Defn: Same as Izedi. Taylor.

YEZIDEE; YEZIDI

Yez”i*dee, Yez”i*di, n.

Defn: Same as Izedi.

YFERE

Y*fere”, adv.

Defn: Together. See Ifere. [Obs.]

As friends do when they be met yfere. Chaucer.

YGDRASYL

Yg”dra*syl, n. (Scand. Myth.)

Defn: See in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.

YGHE

Y”ghe, n.

Defn: Eye. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YGO

Y*go”, obs. p. p. of Go.

Defn: Gone. Chaucer.

YGROUND

Y*ground”, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Grind. Chaucer.

YHOLDE

Y*hold”e, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Hold. Chaucer.

YID

Yid, n. [See Yiddish.]

Defn: A Jew. [Slang or Colloq.] “Almost any young Yid who goes out

from among her people.”  John Corbin.

YIDDISH

Yid”dish, n. [G. jüdisch, prop., Jewish, fr. Jude Jew. See Jew,

Jewish.]

Defn: A language used by German and other Jews, being a Middle German

dialect developed under Hebrew and Slavic influence. It is written in

Hebrew characters.

YIDDISHER

Yid”dish*er, n. [See Yiddish.]

Defn: A Yid. [Slang]

YIELD

Yield, v. t.

[imp. & p. p. Yielded; obs. p. p. Yold; p. pr. & vb. n.

Yielding.]

Etym: [OE. yelden, ýelden, ýilden, AS. gieldan, gildan, to

pay, give, restore, make an offering; akin to OFries. jelda, OS.

geldan, D. gelden to cost, to be worth, G. gelten, OHG. geltan to

pay, restore, make an offering, be worth, Icel. gjalda to pay, give

up, Dan. gielde to be worth, Sw. gälla to be worth, gälda to pay,

Goth. gildan in fragildan, usgildan. Cf. 1st Geld, Guild.]

1. To give in return for labor expended; to produce, as payment or

interest on what is expended or invested; to pay; as, money at

interest yields six or seven per cent.

To yelde Jesu Christ his proper rent. Chaucer.

When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee

her strength. Gen. iv. 12.

2. To furnish; to afford; to render; to give forth. “Vines yield

nectar.” Milton.

[He] makes milch kine yield blood. Shak.

The wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children. Job

xxiv. 5.

3. To give up, as something that is claimed or demanded; to make over

to one who has a claim or right; to resign; to surrender; to

relinquish; as a city, an opinion, etc.

And, force perforce, I’ll make him yield the crown. Shak.

Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame. Milton.

4. To admit to be true; to concede; to allow.

I yield it just, said Adam, and submit. Milton.

5. To permit; to grant; as, to yield passage.

6. To give a reward to; to bless. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Tend me to-night two hours, I ask no more, And the gods yield you for

‘t. Shak.

God yield thee, and God thank ye. Beau. & Fl.

To yield the breath, the ghost, or the life, to die; to expire; —

often followed by up.

One calmly yields his willing breath. Keble.

YIELD

Yield, v. i.

1. To give up the contest; to submit; to surrender; to succumb.

He saw the fainting Grecians yield. Dryden.

2. To comply with; to assent; as, I yielded to his request.

3. To give way; to cease opposition; to be no longer a hindrance or

an obstacle; as, men readily yield to the current of opinion, or to

customs; the door yielded.

Will ye relent, And yield to mercy while ‘t is offered you Shak.

4. To give place, as inferior in rank or excellence; as, they will

yield to us in nothing.

Nay tell me first, in what more happy fields The thistle springs, to

which the lily yields Pope.

YIELD

Yield, n.

Defn: Amount yielded; product; — applied especially to products

resulting from growth or cultivation. “A goodly yield of fruit doth

bring.” Bacon.

YIELDABLE

Yield”a*ble, a.

Defn: Disposed to yield or comply. [R.] — Yield”a*ble*ness, n. [R.]

Bp. Hall.

YIELDANCE

Yield”ance, n.

1. The act of producing; yield; as, the yieldance of the earth. [R.]

Bp. Hall.

2. The act of yielding; concession. [R.] South.

YIELDER

Yield”er, n.

Defn: One who yields. Shak.

YIELDING

Yield”ing, a.

Defn: Inclined to give way, or comply; flexible; compliant;

accommodating; as, a yielding temper. Yielding and paying (Law), the

initial words of that clause in leases in which the rent to be paid

by the lessee is mentioned and reserved. Burrill.

Syn.

 — Obsequious; attentive.

 — Yielding, Obsequious, Attentive. In many cases a man may be

attentive or yielding in a high degree without any sacrifice of his

dignity; but he who is obsequious seeks to gain favor by excessive

and mean compliances for some selfish end.

 — Yield”ing*ly, adv.

 — Yield”ing*ness, n.

YIELDLESS

Yield”less, a.

Defn: Without yielding; unyielding. [Obs.]

YIFT

Yift, n.

Defn: Gift. [Obs.] “Great yiftes.” Chaucer.

YIN

Yin, n.

Defn: A Chinese weight of 2

YIS

Yis, adv.

Defn: Yes. [Obs.]

“Yis, sir,” quod he, “yis, host.” Chaucer.

YIT

Yit, conj.

Defn: Yet. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YITE

Yite, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer.

YIVE

Yive, v. t. & i.

Defn: To give. [Obs.] Chaucer.

-YL

-yl. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.)

Defn: A suffix used as a characteristic termination of chemical

radicals; as in ethyl, carbonyl, hydroxyl, etc.

Note: -yl was first used in 1832 by Liebig and Wöhler in naming

benzoyl, in the sense of stuff, or fundamental material, then in 1834

by Dumas and Peligot in naming methyl, in the sense of wood. After

this -yl was generally used as in benzoyl, in the sense of stuff,

characteristic ground, fundamental material.

YLANG-YLANG

Y*lang`-y*lang”, n.

Defn: See Ihlang-ihlang.

YLE

Yle, n.

Defn: Isle. [Obs.] “The barren yle.” Chaucer.

Y LEVEL

Y” lev`el. (Surv.)

Defn: See under Y, n.

YLICHE; YLIKE

Y*liche”, Y*like”, a. & adv.

Defn: Like; alike. [Obs.] “All . . . yliche good.” Chaucer.

YLLANRATON

Yl`lan*ra*ton”, n. Etym: [From the native name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The agouara.

YMAKED

Y*mak”ed, obs. p. p. of Make.

Defn: Made.

YMEL

Y*mel”, prep. Etym: [OE. ymel, imelle, of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. i

milli, i millum (properly, in the middle, fr. mi, me, middle, akin to

E. middle), Dan. imellem, Sw. emellan. See In, and Middle.]

Defn: Among. [Obs.] “Ymel them all.” Chaucer.

YNAMBU

Y*nam”bu, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A South American tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens); — called also

perdiz grande, and rufous tinamou. See Illust. of Tinamou.

YNOUGH; YNOW

Y*nough”, Y*now”, a. Etym: [See Enough.]

Defn: Enough. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YOCKEL

Yock”el, n. Etym: [Cf. Yokel.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle.

YODE

Yode, obs. imp. of Go. Etym: [OE. yode, yede, , , eode, AS. eóde,

used as the imp. of gan to go; akin to Goth. iddja I, he, went, L.

ire to go, Gr. i, ya. Issue.]

Defn: Went; walked; proceeded. [Written also yede.] See Yede.

Quer [whether] they rade [rode] or yoke. Cursor Mundi.

Then into Cornhill anon I yode. Lydgate.

YODEL; YODLE

Yo”del, Yo”dle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Yodeled, Yodled; p. pr. &

vb. n. Yodeling, Yodling.] Etym: [G. jodeln.]

Defn: To sing in a manner common among the Swiss and Tyrolese

mountaineers, by suddenly changing from the head voice, or falsetto,

to the chest voice, and the contrary; to warble.

YODEL; YODLE

Yo”del, Yo”dle, n.

Defn: A song sung by yodeling, as by the Swiss mountaineers.

YODLER

Yo”dler, n.

Defn: One who yodels.

YOGA

Yo”ga, n. Etym: [Skr. yoga union.]

Defn: A species of asceticism among the Hindoos, which consists in a

complete abstraction from all worldly objects, by which the votary

expects to obtain union with the universal spirit, and to acquire

superhuman faculties.

YOGI

Yo”gi, n. Etym: [Skr. yogin.]

Defn: A follower of the yoga philosophy; an ascetic. [Spelt also

yokin.] Whitworth.

YOGISM

Yo”gism, n.

Defn: Yoga, or its practice.

YOICKS

Yo”icks, interj. (Hunting)

Defn: A cry of encouragement to foxhounds.

YOIT

Yoit, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer. [Prov. Eng.]

YOJAN

Yo”jan, n. Etym: [Skr. y.]

Defn: A measure of distance, varying from four to ten miles, but

usually about five. [India] [Written also yojana.]

YOKE

Yoke, n. Etym: [OE. yok, , AS. geoc; akin to D. juk, OHG. joh, G.

joch, Icel. & Sw. ok, Dan. aag, Goth. juk, Lith. jungas, Russ. igo,

L. jugum, Gr. yuga, and to L. jungere to join, Gr. yui. Join, Jougs,

Joust, Jugular, Subjugate, Syzycy, Yuga, Zeugma.]

1. A bar or frame of wood by which two oxen are joined at the heads

or necks for working together.

A yearling bullock to thy name shall smoke, Untamed, unconscious of

the galling yoke. Pope.

Note: The modern yoke for oxen is usually a piece of timber hollowed,

or made curving, near each end, and laid on the necks of the oxen,

being secured in place by two bows, one inclosing each neck, and

fastened through the timber. In some countries the yoke consists of a

flat piece of wood fastened to the foreheads of the oxen by thongs

about the horns.

2. A frame or piece resembling a yoke, as in use or shape.

Specifically:

(a) A frame of wood fitted to a person’s shoulders for carrying

pails, etc., suspended on each side; as, a milkmaid’s yoke.

(b) A frame worn on the neck of an animal, as a cow, a pig, a goose,

to prevent passage through a fence.

(c) A frame or convex piece by which a bell is hung for ringing it.

See Illust. of Bell.

(d) A crosspiece upon the head of a boat’s rudder. To its ends lines

are attached which lead forward so that the boat can be steered from

amidships.

(e) (Mach.) A bent crosspiece connecting two other parts.

(f) (Arch.) A tie securing two timbers together, not used for part of

a regular truss, but serving a temporary purpose, as to provide

against unusual strain.

(g) (Dressmaking) A band shaped to fit the shoulders or the hips, and

joined to the upper full edge of the waist or the skirt.

3. Fig.: That which connects or binds; a chain; a link; a bond

connection.

Boweth your neck under that blissful yoke . . . Which that men

clepeth spousal or wedlock. Chaucer.

This yoke of marriage from us both remove. Dryden.

4. A mark of servitude; hence, servitude; slavery; bondage; service.

Our country sinks beneath the yoke. Shak.

My yoke is easy, and my burden is light. Matt. xi. 30.

5. Two animals yoked together; a couple; a pair that work together.

I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them. Luke xiv.

19.

6. The quantity of land plowed in a day by a yoke of oxen. [Obs.]

Gardner.

7. A portion of the working day; as, to work two yokes, that is, to

work both portions of the day, or morning and afternoon. [Prov. Eng.]

Halliwell. Neck yoke, Pig yoke. See under Neck, and Pig.

 — Yoke elm (Bot.), the European hornbeam (Carpinus Betulus), a

small tree with tough white wood, often used for making yokes for

cattle.

YOKE

Yoke, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yoked; p. pr. & vb. n. Yoking.]

1. To put a yoke on; to join in or with a yoke; as, to yoke oxen, or

pair of oxen.

2. To couple; to join with another. “Be ye not unequally yoked with

unbelievers.” 2 Cor. vi. 14.

Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb. Shak.

3. To enslave; to bring into bondage; to restrain; to confine.

Then were they yoked with garrisons. Milton.

The words and promises that yoke The conqueror are quickly broke.

Hudibras.

YOKE

Yoke, v. i.

Defn: To be joined or associated; to be intimately connected; to

consort closely; to mate.

We ‘ll yoke together, like a double shadow. Shak.

YOKEAGE

Yoke”age, n.

Defn: See Rokeage. [Local, U. S.]

YOKEFELLOW

Yoke”fel`low, n. Etym: [Yoke + fellow.]

Defn: An associate or companion in, or as in; a mate; a fellow;

especially, a partner in marriage. Phil. iv. 3.

The two languages [English and French] became yokefellows in a still

more intimate manner. Earle.

Those who have most distinguished themselves by railing at the sex,

very often choose one of the most worthless for a companion and

yokefellow. Addison.

YOKEL

Yo”kel, n. Etym: [Perhaps from an AS. word akin to E. gawk.]

Defn: A country bumpkin. [Eng.] Dickens.

YOKELET

Yoke”let, n.

Defn: A small farm; — so called as requiring but one yoke of oxen to

till it. [Prov. Eng.]

YOKEMATE

Yoke”mate`, n.

Defn: Same as Yokefellow.

YOKE-TOED

Yoke”-toed`, a. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Having two toes in front and two behind, as the trogons and

woodpeckers.

YOLD

Yold, obs. p. p. of Yield.

Defn: Yielded. Spenser.

YOLDEN

Yold”en, obs. p. p. of Yield.

Defn: Yielded.

YOLK

Yolk, n. Etym: [OE. yolke, yelke, ýolke, ýelke, AS. geoloca, geoleca,

fr. geolu yellow. See Yellow.] [Written also yelk.]

1. The yellow part of an egg; the vitellus.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: An oily secretion which naturally covers the wool of sheep.

Yolk cord (Zoöl.), a slender cord or duct which connects the yolk

glands with the egg chambers in certain insects, as in the aphids.

 — Yolk gland (Zoöl.), a special organ which secretes the yolk of

the eggs in many turbellarians, and in some other invertebrates. See

Illust. of Hermaphrodite in Appendix.

 — Yolk sack (Anat.), the umbilical vesicle. See under Unbilical.

YOLL

Yoll, v. i.

Defn: To yell. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YOM

Yom, n. [Heb. yom.]

Defn: Day; — a Hebrew word used in the names of various Jewish feast

days; as, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement; Yom Teruah (lit., day of

shouting), the Feast of Trumpets.

YON

Yon, a. Etym: [OE. yon, , AS. geon; akin to G. jener, OHG. jen, Icel.

enn, inn; cf. Goth. jains. Beyond, Yond, Yonder.]

Defn: At a distance, but within view; yonder. [Poetic]

Read thy lot in yon celestial sign. Milton.

Though fast yon shower be fleeting. Keble.

YON

Yon, adv.

Defn: Yonder. [Obs. or Poetic]

But, first and chiefest, with thee bring Him that yon soars on golden

wing. Milton.

YONCOPIN

Yon”co*pin, n. Etym: [Perhaps corrupted from Illinois micoupena,

Chippewa makopin, the American lotus.] (Bot.)

Defn: A local name in parts of the Mississippi Valley for the

American lotus (Nelumbo lutea).

YOND

Yond, a. Etym: [Cf. AS. anda, onda, anger, andian to be angry.]

Defn: Furious; mad; angry; fierce. [Obs.] “Then wexeth wood and

yond.” Spenser.

YOND

Yond, adv. & a. Etym: [OE. yond, ýond, ýeond, through, beyond, over,

AS. geond, adv. & prep.; cf. Goth. jaind thither. sq. root188. See

Yon, a.]

Defn: Yonder. [Obs.] “Yond in the garden.” Chaucer.

YONDER

Yon”der, adv. Etym: [OE. yonder, ýonder; cf. OD. ginder, Goth. jaindr

there. Yond, adv.]

Defn: At a distance, but within view.

Yonder are two apple women scolding. Arbuthnot.

YONDER

Yon”der, a.

Defn: Being at a distance within view, or conceived of as within

view; that or those there; yon. “Yon flowery arbors, yonder alleys

green.” Milton. “Yonder sea of light.” Keble.

Yonder men are too many for an embassage. Bacon.

YONI

Yo”ni, n. Etym: [Skr. y.] (Hindoo Myth.)

Defn: The symbol under which Sakti, or the personification of the

female power in nature, is worshiped. Cf. Lingam.

YONKER

Yon”ker, n. Etym: [See Younker.]

Defn: A young fellow; a younker. [Obs. or Colloq.] Sir W. Scott.

YORE

Yore, adv. Etym: [OE. , yare, , AS. geára;akin to geár a year, E.

year. Year.]

Defn: In time long past; in old time; long since. [Obs. or Poetic]

As it hath been of olde times yore. Chaucer.

Which though he hath polluted oft and yore, Yet I to them for

judgment just do fly. Spenser.

Of yore, of old time; long ago; as, in times or days of yore. “But

Satan now is wiser than of yore.” Pope.

Where Abraham fed his flock of yore. Keble.

YORKER

York”er, n. (Cricket)

Defn: A tice.

YORK RITE

York rite. (Freemasonry)

Defn: The rite or ceremonial observed by one of the Masonic systems,

deriving its name from the city of York, in England; also, the system

itself, which, in England, confers only the first three degrees.

YORKSHIRE

York”shire, n.

Defn: A county in the north of England. Yorkshire grit, a kind of

stone used for polishing marble, and copperplates for engravers.

Simmonds.

 — Yorkshire pudding, a batter pudding baked under meat.

YORK USE

York” use`. (Eccl.)

Defn: The one of the three printed uses of England which was followed

in the north. It was based on the Sarum use. See Use, n., 6. Shipley.

YOT

Yot, v. t.

Defn: To unite closely. [Prov. Eng.]

YOTE

Yote, v. t. Etym: [OE. , , to pour, AS. geótan. See Found to cast.]

Defn: To pour water on; to soak in, or mix with, water. [Obs. or

Prov. Eng.] Grose.

My fowls, which well enough, I, as before, found feeding at their

trough Their yoted wheat. Chapman.

YOU

You, pron. [Possess. Your or Yours (; dat. & obj. You.] Etym: [OE.

you, eou, eow, dat. & acc., AS. eów, used as dat. & acc. of ge, g,

ye; akin to OFries. iu, io, D. u, G. euch, OHG. iu, dat., iuwih,

acc., Icel. y, dat. & acc., Goth. izwis; of uncertain origin. sq.

root189. Cf. Your.]

Defn: The pronoun of the second person, in the nominative, dative,

and objective case, indicating the person or persons addressed. See

the Note under Ye.

Ye go to Canterbury; God you speed. Chaucer.

Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you To leave this place. Shak.

In vain you tell your parting lover You wish fair winds may waft him

over. Prior.

Note: Though you is properly a plural, it is in all ordinary

discourse used also in addressing a single person, yet properly

always with a plural verb. “Are you he that hangs the verses on the

trees, wherein Rosalind is so admired ” Shak. You and your are

sometimes used indefinitely, like we, they, one, to express persons

not specified. “The looks at a distance like a new-plowed land; but

as you come near it, you see nothing but a long heap of heavy,

disjointed clods.” Addison. “Your medalist and critic are much nearer

related than the world imagine.” Addison. “It is always pleasant to

be forced to do what you wish to do, but what, until pressed, you

dare not attempt.” Hook. You is often used reflexively for yourself

of yourselves. “Your highness shall repose you at the tower.” Shak.

YOUL

Youl, v. i.

Defn: To yell; to yowl. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YOUNG

Young, a. [Compar. Younger; superl. Youngest.] Etym: [OE. yung, yong,

, , AS. geong; akin to OFries. iung, iong, D. joing, OS., OHG., & G.

jung, Icel. ungr, Sw. & Dan. ung, Goth. juggs, Lith. jaunas, Russ.

iunuii, L. juvencus, juvenis, Skr. juva, juven. Junior, Juniper,

Juvenile, Younker, Youth.]

1. Not long born; still in the first part of life; not yet arrived at

adolescence, maturity, or age; not old; juvenile; — said of animals;

as, a young child; a young man; a young fawn.

For he so young and tender was of age. Chaucer.

“Whom the gods love, die young,” has been too long carelessly said; .

. . whom the gods love, live young forever. Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

2. Being in the first part, pr period, of growth; as, a young plant;

a young tree.

While the fears of the people were young. De Foe.

3. Having little experience; inexperienced; unpracticed; ignorant;

weak.

Come, come, elder brother, you are too young in this. Shak.

YOUNG

Young, n.

Defn: The offspring of animals, either a single animal or offspring

collectively.

[The egg] bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed Their callow

young. Milton.

With young, with child; pregnant.

YOUNGGER

Young”ger, n.

Defn: One who is younger; an inferior in age; a junior. “The elder

shall serve the younger.” Rom. ix. 12.

YOUNGISH

Young”ish, a.

Defn: Somewhat young. Tatler.

YOUNGLING

Young”ling, n. Etym: [AS. geongling.]

Defn: A young person; a youth; also, any animal in its early life.

“More dear . . . than younglings to their dam.” Spenser.

He will not be so willing, I think, to join with you as with us

younglings. Ridley.

YOUNGLING

Young”ling, a.

Defn: Young; youthful. Wordsworth.

YOUNGLY

Young”ly, a. Etym: [AS. geonglic.]

Defn: Like a young person or thing; young; youthful. [Obs.] Shak.

YOUNGLY

Young”ly, adv.

1. In a young manner; in the period of youth; early in life. [Obs.]

Shak.

2. Ignorantly; weakly. [R.]

YOUNG MEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION

Young Men’s Christian Association.

Defn: An organization for promoting the spiritual, intellectual,

social, and physical welfare of young men, founded, June 6, 1844, by

George Williams (knighted therefor by Queen Victoria) in London. In

1851 it extended to the United States and Canada, and in 1855

representatives of similar organizations throughout Europe and

America formed an international body. The movement has successfully

expanded not only among young men in general, but also specifically

among railroad men, in the army and navy, with provision for Indians

and negroes, and a full duplication of all the various lines of

oepration in the boys’ departments.

YOUNGNESS

Young”ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being young.

YOUNG ONE

Young one.

Defn: A young human being; a child; also, a young animal, as a colt.

YOUNGSTER

Young”ster, n.

Defn: A young person; a youngling; a lad. [Colloq.] “He felt himself

quite a youngster, with a long life before him.” G. Eliot.

YOUNGTH

Youngth, n.

Defn: Youth. [Obs.]

Youngth is a bubble blown up with breath. Spenser.

YOUNGTHLY

Youngth”ly, a.

Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, youth; youthful. [Obs.] Spenser.

YOUNG WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION

Young Women’s Christian Association.

Defn: An organization for promoting the spiritual, intellectual,

social, and economic welfare of young women, originating in 1855 with

Lady Kinnaird’s home for young women, and Miss Emma Robert’s prayer

union for young women,in England, which were combined in the year

1884 as a national association. Now nearly all the civilized

countries, and esp. the United States, have local, national, and

international organizations.

YOUNKER

Youn”ker, n. Etym: [D. jonker, jonkeer; jong young + heer a lord,

sir, gentleman. See Young, a.]

Defn: A young person; a stripling; a yonker. [Obs. or Colloq.]

That same younker soon was overthrown. Spenser.

YOUPON

You”pon, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Yaupon.

YOUR

Your, pron. & a. Etym: [OE. your, , eowr, eower, AS. eówer,

originally used as the gen. of ge, ge, ye; akin to OFries. iuwer

your, OS. iuwar, D. uw, OHG. iuwer, G. euer, Icel. ythar, Goth.

izwara, izwar, and E. you. *189. See You.]

Defn: The form of the possessive case of the personal pronoun you.

Note: The possessive takes the form yours when the noun to which it

refers is not expressed, but implied; as, this book is yours. “An old

fellow of yours.” Chaucer.

YOURS

Yours, pron.

Defn: See the Note under Your.

YOURS

Yours (ürz), pron.

Defn: See the Note under Your.

YOURSELF

Your*self”, pron.; pl. Yourselves. Etym: [Your + self.]

Defn: An emphasized or reflexive form of the pronoun of the second

person; — used as a subject commonly with you; as, you yourself

shall see it; also, alone in the predicate, either in the nominative

or objective case; as, you have injured yourself.

Of which right now ye han yourselve heard. Chaucer.

If yourselves are old, make it your cause. Shak.

Why should you be so cruel to yourself Milton.

The religious movement which you yourself, as well as I, so

faithfully followed from first to last. J. H. Newman.

YOUTH

Youth (uth), n.; pl. Youths (uths; 264) or collectively Youth. Etym:

[OE. youthe, youhþe, ýuhethe, ýuwethe, ýeoýethe, AS. geoguth,

geogoth; akin to OS. jugth, D. jeugd, OHG. jugund, G. jugend, Goth.

junda. *281. See Young.]

1. The quality or state of being young; youthfulness; juvenility. “In

my flower of youth.” Milton.

Such as in his face Youth smiled celestial. Milton.

2. The part of life that succeeds to childhood; the period of

existence preceding maturity or age; the whole early part of life,

from childhood, or, sometimes, from infancy, to manhood.

He wondered that your lordship Would suffer him to spend his youth at

home. Shak.

Those who pass their youth in vice are justly condemned to spend

their age in folly. Rambler.

3. A young person; especially, a young man.

Seven youths from Athens yearly sent. Dryden.

4. Young persons, collectively.

It is fit to read the best authors to youth first. B. Jonson.

YOUTHFUL

Youth”ful, a.

1. Not yet mature or aged; young. “Two youthful knights.” Dryden.

Defn: Also used figuratively. “The youthful season of the year.”

Shak.

2. Of or pertaining to the early part of life; suitable to early

life; as, youthful days; youthful sports. “Warm, youthful blood.”

Shak. “Youthful thoughts.” Milton.

3. Fresh; vigorous, as in youth.

After millions of millions of ages . . . still youthful and

flourishing. Bentley.

Syn.

 — Puerile; juvenile.

 — Youthful, Puerile, Juvenile. Puerile is always used in a bad

sense, or at least in the sense of what is suitable to a boy only;

as, puerile objections, puerile amusements, etc. Juvenile is

sometimes taken in a bad sense, as when speaking of youth in contrast

with manhood; as, juvenile tricks; a juvenile performance. Youthful

is commonly employed in a good sense; as, youthful aspirations; or at

least by way of extenuating; as, youthful indiscretions. “Some men,

imagining themselves possessed with a divine fury, often fall into

toys and trifles, which are only puerilities.” Dryden. “Raw, juvenile

writers imagine that, by pouring forth figures often, they render

their compositions warm and animated.” Blair.

 — Youth”ful*ly, adv.

 — Youth”ful*ness, n.

YOUTHHOOD

Youth”hood, n. Etym: [AS. geoguedhhad. See Youth, and -hood.]

Defn: The quality or state of being a youth; the period of youth.

Cheyne.

YOUTHLY

Youth”ly, a. Etym: [AS. geoguedhlic.]

Defn: Young; youthful. [Obs.] “All my youthly days.” Spenser.

YOUTHSOME

Youth”some, a.

Defn: Youthful. [Obs.] Pepys.

YOUTHY

Youth”y, a.

Defn: Young. [Obs.] Spectator.

YOUZE

Youze, n. Etym: [From a native East Indian name.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The cheetah.

YOW

Yow, pron.

Defn: You. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YOWE

Yowe, n. Etym: [See Ewe.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A ewe. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] G. Eliot.

YOWL

Yowl, v. i. Etym: [See Yawl, v. i.]

Defn: To utter a loud, long, and mournful cry, as a dog; to howl; to

yell.

YOWL

Yowl, n.

Defn: A loud, protracted, and mournful cry, as that of a dog; a howl.

YOWLEY

Yow”ley, n. Etym: [Cf. Yellow.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European yellow-hammer. [Prov. Eng.]

YOX

Yox, v. i.

Defn: See Yex. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YPIGHT

Y*pight”, obs. p. p. of Pitch.

Defn: See Pight.

YPOCRAS

Yp”o*cras, n.

Defn: Hippocras. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YPRES LACE

Y”pres lace`.

Defn: Fine bobbin lace made at Ypres in Belgium, usually exactly like

Valenciennes lace.

YPSILIFORM

Yp*sil”i*form, a. Etym: [Gr. -form.] (Biol.)

Defn: Resembling the

YPSILOID

Yp”si*loid, a. (Anat.)

Defn: In the form of the letter Y; Y-shaped.

YRAFT

Y*raft”, obs. p. p. of Reave.

Defn: Bereft. Chaucer.

YREN

Yr”en, n.

Defn: Iron. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YRONNE

Y*ron”ne, obs. p. p. of Run.

Defn: Run. Chaucer.

YSAME

Y*same”, adv. Etym: [See Same.]

Defn: Together. [Obs.] “And in a bag all sorts of seeds ysame.”

Spenser.

YT

Yt.

Defn: , an old method of printing that (AS. æt, edhæt) the “y” taking

the place of the old letter “Þ”). Cf. Ye, the.

YT; YT

Yt, Yt (that),

Defn: an old method of printing that (AS. þæt, ðæt) the “y” taking

the place of the old letter “thorn” (þ).  Cf. Ye, the.

YTHROWE

Y*throwe”, obs.

Defn: p. p. of Throw. Chaucer.

YTTERBIC

Yt*ter”bic, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, ytterbium; containing

ytterbium.

YTTERBIUM

Yt*ter”bi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Ytterby, in Sweden. See Erbium.]

(Chem.)

Defn: A rare element of the boron group, sometimes associated with

yttrium or other related elements, as in euxenite and gadolinite.

Symbol Yb; provisional atomic weight 173.2. Cf. Yttrium.

Note: Ytterbium is associated with other rare elements, and probably

has not been prepared in a pure state.

YTTRIA

Yt”tri*a, n. Etym: [NL. See Yttrium.] (Chem.)

Defn: The oxide, Y2O3, or earth, of yttrium.

YTTRIC

Yt”tric, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, yttrium.

YTTRIFEROUS

Yt*trif”er*ous, a.

Defn: Bearing or containing yttrium or the allied elements; as,

gadolinite is one of the yttriferous minerals.

YTTRIOUS

Yt”tri*ous, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Same as Yttric.

YTTRIUM

Yt”tri*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Ytterby, in Sweden. See Erbium.]

(Chem.)

Defn: A rare metallic element of the boron-aluminium group, found in

gadolinite and other rare minerals, and extracted as a dark gray

powder. Symbol Y. Atomic weight, 89. [Written also ittrium.]

Note: Associated with yttrium are certain rare elements, as erbium,

ytterbium, samarium, etc., which are separated in a pure state with

great difficulty. They are studied by means of their spark or

phosphorescent spectra. Yttrium is now regarded as probably not a

simple element, but as a mixture of several substances.

YTTRO-CERITE

Yt`tro-ce”rite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A mineral of a violet-blue color, inclining to gray and white.

It is a hydrous fluoride of cerium, yttrium, and calcium.

YTTRO-COLUMBITE; YTTRO-TANTALITE

Yt`tro-co*lum”bite, Yt`tro-tan”ta*lite, n. (Min.)

Defn: A tantalate of uranium, yttrium, and calcium, of a brown or

black color.

YU

Yu, n. Etym: [Chin.] (Min.)

Defn: Jade.

YUCCA

Yuc”ca, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Flicker, n., 2.

YUCCA

Yuc”ca, n. Etym: [NL., from Yuca, its name in St. Domingo.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of American liliaceous, sometimes arborescent, plants

having long, pointed, and often rigid, leaves at the top of a more or

less woody stem, and bearing a large panicle of showy white blossoms.

Note: The species with more rigid leaves (as Yucca aloifolia, Y.

Treculiana, and Y. baccata) are called Spanish bayonet, and one with

softer leaves (Y. filamentosa) is called bear grass, and Adam’s

needle. Yucca moth (Zoöl.), a small silvery moth (Pronuba yuccasella)

whose larvæ feed on plants of the genus Yucca.

YUCCA BORER

Yuc”ca bor`er.

 (a) A California boring weevil (Yuccaborus frontalis).

 (b) A large mothlike butterfly (Megathymus yuccæ) of the family

Megatimidæ, whose larva bores in yucca roots.

YUCK

Yuck, v. i. Etym: [Cf. G. jucken, D. yeuken, joken. See Itch.]

Defn: To itch. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.

YUCK

Yuck, v. t.

Defn: To scratch. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.

YUCKEL

Yuck”el, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Same as Yockel.

YUEN

Yu”en, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The crowned gibbon (Hylobates pileatus), native of Siam,

Southern China, and the Island of Hainan. It is entirely arboreal in

its habits, and has very long arms. the males are dark brown or

blackish, with a caplike mass of long dark hair, and usually with a

white band around the face. The females are yellowish white, with a

dark spot on the breast and another on the crown. Called also wooyen,

and wooyen ape.

YUFTS

Yufts, n. Etym: [Russ. iufte.]

Defn: Russia leather.

YUG; YUGA

Yug, Yu”ga, n. Etym: [Skr. yuga an age, a yoke. See Yoke.] (Hindoo

Cosmog.)

Defn: Any one of the four ages, Krita, or Satya, Treta, Dwapara, and

Kali, into which the Hindoos divide the duration or existence of the

world.

YUKE

Yuke, v. i. & t.

Defn: Same as Yuck. [Prov. Eng.]

YULAN

Yu”lan, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A species of Magnolia (M. conspicua) with large white blossoms

that open before the leaves. See the Note under Magnolia.

YULE

Yule, n. Etym: [OE. yol, ýol, AS. geól; akin to geóla December or

January, Icel. jol Yule, Ylir the name of a winter month, Sw. jul

Christmas, Dan. juul, Goth. jiuleis November or December. Cf. Jolly.]

Defn: Christmas or Christmastide; the feast of the Nativity of our

Savior.

And at each pause they kiss; was never seen such rule In any place

but here, at bonfire, or at Yule. Drayton.

Yule block, or Yule log, a large log of wood formerly put on the

hearth of Christmas eve, as the foundation of the fire. It was

brought in with much ceremony.

 — Yule clog, the yule log. Halliwell. W. Irving.

YULETIDE

Yule”tide`, n.

Defn: Christmas time; Christmastide; the season of Christmas.

YUMAN

Yu”man, a.

Defn: Designating, or pertaining to, an important linguistic stock of

North American Indians of the southwestern United States and

northwestern Mexico, nearly all agriculturists and adept potters and

basket makers. Their usual dwelling is the brush wikiup, and in their

native state they wear little clothing. The Yuma, Maricopa, Mohave,

Walapi, and Yavapai are among the chief tribes, all of fine physique.

YUMAS

Yu”mas, n. pl.; sing. Yuma (. (Ethnol.)

Defn: A tribe of Indians native of Arizona and the adjacent parts of

Mexico and California. They are agricultural, and cultivate corn,

wheat, barley, melons, etc.

Note: The a wider sense, the term sometimes includes the Mohaves and

other allied tribes.

YUNCA

Yun”ca (yoon”ka), n.

Defn: An Indian of a linguistic stock of tribes of the Peruvian coast

who had a developed agricultural civilization at the advent of the

Spaniards, before which they had been conquered by the Incas. They

constructed irrigation canals which are still in use, adorned their

buildings with bas-reliefs and frescoes, and were skilled goldsmiths

and silversmiths. — Yun”can (#), a.

YUNX

Yunx, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A genus of birds comprising the wrynecks.

YUPON

Yu”pon, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Yaupon.

YUX

Yux, n. & v.

Defn: See Yex, n. [Obs.]

YVEL

Y”vel, a. & adv.

Defn: Evil; ill. [Obs.] Chaucer.

YWAR

Y*war”, a. Etym: [See Aware.]

Defn: Aware; wary. [Obs.] “Be ywar, and his way shun.” Piers Plowman.

YWIS

Y*wis”, adv. Etym: [OE. ywis, iwis, AS. gewis certain; akin to D.

gewis, G. gewiss, and E. wit to know. See Wit to know, and Y-.]

Defn: Certainly; most likely; truly; probably. [Obs. or Archaic]

“Ywis,” quod he, “it is full dear, I say.” Chaucer.

She answered me, “I-wisse, all their sport in the park is but a

shadow to that pleasure that I find in Plato.” Ascham.

A right good knight, and true of word ywis. Spenser.

Note: The common form iwis was often written with the prefix apart

from the rest of the word and capitalized, as, I wis, I wisse, etc.

The prefix was mistaken for the pronoun, I and wis, wisse, for a form

of the verb wit to know. See Wis, and cf. Wit, to know.

Our ship, I wis, Shall be of another form than this. Longfellow.

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