English dictionary words starting with W from page 17601 to 17650


Wit”ful, a.

Defn: Wise; sensible. [R.] Chapman.


With, n.

Defn: See Withe.


With, prep. Etym: [OE. with, AS. wi with, against; akin to AS. wi

against, OFries. with, OS. wi, wi, D. weder, weêr (in comp.), G.

wider against, wieder gain, OHG. widar again, against, Icel. vi

against, with, by, at, Sw. vid at, by, Dan. ved, Goth. wipra against,

Skr. vi asunder. Cf. Withdraw, Withers, Withstand.]

Defn: With denotes or expresses some situation or relation of

nearness, proximity, association, connection, or the like. It is used

especially: —

1. To denote a close or direct relation of opposition or hostility; –

– equivalent to against.

Thy servant will . . . fight with this Philistine. 1 Sam. xvii. 32.

Note: In this sense, common in Old English, it is now obsolete except

in a few compounds; as, withhold; withstand; and after the verbs

fight, contend, struggle, and the like.

2. To denote association in respect of situation or environment;

hence, among; in the company of.

I will buy with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following;

but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you. Shak.

Pity your own, or pity our estate, Nor twist our fortunes with your

sinking fate. Dryden.

See where on earth the flowery glories lie; With her they flourished,

and with her they die. Pope.

There is no living with thee nor without thee. Tatler.

Such arguments had invincible force with those pagan philosophers.


3. To denote a connection of friendship, support, alliance,

assistance, countenance, etc.; hence, on the side of.

Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee. Gen. xxvi. 24.

4. To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; —

sometimes equivalent to by.

That with these fowls I be all to-rent. Chaucer.

Thou wilt be like a lover presently, And tire the hearer with a book

of words. Shak.

[He] entertained a coffeehouse with the following narrative. Addison.

With receiving your friends within and amusing them without, you lead

a good, pleasant, bustling life of it. Goldsmith.

5. To denote association in thought, as for comparison or contrast.

Can blazing carbuncles with her compare. Sandys.

6. To denote simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or


With that she told me . . . that she would hide no truth from me. Sir

P. Sidney.

With her they flourished, and with her they die. Pope.

With this he pointed to his face. Dryden.

7. To denote having as a possession or an appendage; as, the

firmament with its stars; a bride with a large fortune. “A maid with

clean hands.” Shak.

Note: With and by are closely allied in many of their uses, and it is

not easy to lay down a rule by which to distinguish their uses. See

the Note under By.


With*al”, adv. Etym: [With + all.]

1. With this; with that. [Obs.]

He will scarce be pleased withal. Shak.

2. Together with this; likewise; at the same time; in addition; also.


Fy on possession But if a man be virtuous withal. Chaucer.

If you choose that, then I am yours withal. Shak.

How modest in exception, and withal How terrible in constant

resolution. Shak.


With*al”, prep.

Defn: With; — put after its object, at the end of sentence or clause

in which it stands. [Obs.]

This diamond he greets your wife withal. Shak.

Whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man shall be defiled withal. Lev.

v. 3.


With”am*ite, n. Etym: [From its discoverer, H. Witham.] (Min.)

Defn: A variety of epidote, of a reddish color, found in Scotland.


With*draw”, v. t. [imp. Withdrew; p. p. Withdrawn; p. pr. & vb. n.

Withdrawing.] Etym: [With against + draw.]

1. To take back or away, as what has been bestowed or enjoyed; to

draw back; to cause to move away or retire; as, to withdraw aid,

favor, capital, or the like.

Impossible it is that God should withdraw his presence from anything.


2. To take back; to recall or retract; as, to withdraw false charges.


With*draw”, v. i.

Defn: To retire; to retreat; to quit a company or place; to go away;

as, he withdrew from the company. “When the sea withdrew.” King Horn.


 — To recede; retrograde; go back.


With*draw”al, n.

Defn: The act of withdrawing; withdrawment; retreat; retraction.



With*draw”er, n.

Defn: One who withdraws; one who takes back, or retracts.


With*draw”ing-room`, n. Etym: [See Withdraw, and cf. Drawing-room.]

Defn: A room for retirement from another room, as from a dining room;

a drawing-room.

A door in the middle leading to a parlor and withdrawing-room. Sir W.



With*draw”ment, n.

Defn: The act of withdrawing; withdrawal. W. Belsham.


Withe, n. Etym: [OE. withe. Withy, n.] [Written also with.]

1. A flexible, slender twig or branch used as a band; a willow or

osier twig; a withy.

2. A band consisting of a twig twisted.

3. (Naut.)

Defn: An iron attachment on one end of a mast or boom, with a ring,

through which another mast or boom is rigged out and secured; a

wythe. R. H. Dana, Jr.

4. (Arch.)

Defn: A partition between flues in a chimney.


Withe, v. t.

[imp. & p. p. Withed; p. pr. & vb. n. Withing.]

Defn: To bind or fasten with withes.

You shall see him withed, and haltered, and staked, and baited to

death. Bp. Hall.


With”er, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Withered; p. pr. & vb. n. Withering.]

Etym: [OE. wideren; probably the same word as wederen to weather (see

Weather, v. & n.); or cf. G. verwittern to decay, to be weather-

beaten, Lith. vysti to wither.]

1. To fade; to lose freshness; to become sapless; to become sapless;

to dry or shrivel up.

Shall he hot pull up the roots thereof, and cut off the fruit

thereof, that it wither Ezek. xvii. 9.

2. To lose or want animal moisture; to waste; to pin

This is man, old, wrinkled, faded, withered. Shak.

There was a man which had his hand withered. Matt. xii. 10.

Now warm in love, now with’ring in the grave. Dryden.

3. To lose vigor or power; to languish; to pass away. “Names that

must not wither.” Byron.

States thrive or wither as moons wax and wane. Cowper.


With”er, v. t.

1. To cause to fade, and become dry.

The sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the

grass, and the flower thereof falleth. James i. 11.

2. To cause to shrink, wrinkle, or decay, for want of animal

moisture. “Age can not wither her.” Shak.

Shot forth pernicious fire Among the accursed, that withered all

their strength. Milton.

3. To cause to languish, perish, or pass away; to blight; as, a

reputation withered by calumny.

The passions and the cares that wither life. Bryant.


With”er*band`, n. Etym: [Withers + band.] (Far.)

Defn: A piece of iron in a saddle near a horse’s withers, to

strengthen the bow.


With”ered, a.

Defn: Faded; dried up; shriveled; wilted; wasted; wasted away.

 — With”ered*ness, n. Bp. Hall.


With”er*ing, a.

Defn: Tending to wither; causing to shrink or fade.

 — With”er*ing*ly, adv.


With”er*ite, n. Etym: [So called after Dr. W. Withering.] (Min.)

Defn: Barium carbonate occurring in white or gray six-sided twin

crystals, and also in columnar or granular masses.


With”er*ling, n. Etym: [Wither + -ling.]

Defn: A withered person; one who is decrepit. [Obs.] Chapman.


With”er*nam, n. Etym: [AS. withernam; wither against + nam a seizure,

fr. niman to take.] (Law)

Defn: A second or reciprocal distress of other goods in lieu of goods

which were taken by a first distress and have been eloigned; a taking

by way of reprisal; — chiefly used in the expression capias in

withernam, which is the name of a writ used in connection with the

action of replevin (sometimes called a writ of reprisal), which

issues to a defendant in replevin when he has obtained judgment for a

return of the chattels replevied, and fails to obtain them on the

writ of return. Blackstone.


Withe”-rod`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A North American shrub (Viburnum nudum) whose tough osierlike

shoots are sometimes used for binding sheaves.


With”ers, n. pl. Etym: [Properly, the parts which resist the pull or

strain in drawing a load; fr. OE. wither resistance, AS. withre, fr.

wither against; akin to G. widerrist withers. See With, prep.]

Defn: The ridge between the shoulder bones of a horse, at the base of

the neck. See Illust. of Horse.

Let the galled jade wince; our withers are unwrung. Shak.


With”er-wrung`, a.

Defn: Injured or hurt in the withers, as a horse.


With*hold”, v. t. [imp. Withheld; p. p. Withheld, Obs. or Archaic

Withholden (; p. pr. & vb. n. Withholding.] Etym: [With again,

against, back + hold.]

1. To hold back; to restrain; to keep from action.

Withhold, O sovereign prince, your hasty hand From knitting league

with him. Spenser.

2. To retain; to keep back; not to grant; as, to withhold assent to a


Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold Longer thy offered good.


3. To keep; to maintain; to retain. [Obs.]

To withhold it the more easily in heart. Chaucer.


With*hold”er, n.

Defn: One who withholds.


With*hold”ment, n.

Defn: The act of withholding.


With*in”, prep. Etym: [OE. withinne, withinnen, AS. withinnan; with

with, against, toward + innan in, inwardly, within, from in in. See

With, prep., In, prep.]

1. In the inner or interior part of; inside of; not without; as,

within doors.

O, unhappy youth! Come not within these doors; within this roof The

enemy of all your graces lives. Shak.

Till this be cured by religion, it is as impossible for a man to be

happy — that is, pleased and contented within himself — as it is

for a sick man to be at ease. Tillotson.

2. In the limits or compass of; not further in length than; as,

within five miles; not longer in time than; as, within an hour; not

exceeding in quantity; as, expenses kept within one’s income. “That

he repair should again within a little while.” Chaucer.

Within these five hours lived Lord Hastings, Untainted, unexamined,

free, at liberty. Shak.

3. Hence, inside the limits, reach, or influence of; not going

outside of; not beyond, overstepping, exceeding, or the like.

Both he and she are still within my power. Dryden.

Within himself The danger lies, yet lies within his power. Milton.

Were every action concluded within itself, and drew no consequence

after it, we should, undoubtedly, never err in our choice of good.



With*in”, adv.

1. In the inner part; inwardly; internally. “The wound festers

within.” Carew.

Ills from within thy reason must prevent. Dryden.

2. In the house; in doors; as, the master is within.


With*in”forth`, adv.

Defn: Within; inside; inwardly. [Obs.] Wyclif.

[It is much greater] labor for to withinforth call into mind, without

sight of the eye withoutforth upon images, what he before knew and

thought upon. Bp. Peacock.


With*in”side`, adv.

Defn: In the inner parts; inside. [Obs.] Graves.


With*out”, prep. Etym: [OE. withoute, withouten, AS. with; with with,

against, toward + outside, fr. out. See With, prep., Out.]

1. On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.

Without the gate Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.


2. Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.

Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach. T.


3. Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or

destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of;

exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage.

I wolde it do withouten negligence. Chaucer.

Wise men will do it without a law. Bacon.

Without the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous

terms . . . must end in our destruction. Addison.

There is no living with thee nor without thee. Tatler.

To do without. See under Do.

 — Without day Etym: [a translation of L. sine die], without the

appointment of a day to appear or assemble again; finally; as, the

Fortieth Congress then adjourned without day.

 — Without recourse. See under Recourse.


With*out”, conj.

Defn: Unless; except; — introducing a clause.

You will never live to my age without you keep yourselves in breath

with exercise, and in heart with joyfulness. Sir P. Sidney.

Note: Now rarely used by good writers or speakers.


With*out”, adv.

1. On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly;


Without were fightings, within were fears. 2 Cor. vii. 5.

2. Outside of the house; out of doors.

The people came unto the house without. Chaucer.


With*out”-door`, a.

Defn: Outdoor; exterior. [Obs.] “Her without-door form.” Shak.


With*out”en, prep.

Defn: Without. [Obs.] Chaucer.


With*out”forth`, adv.

Defn: Without; outside’ outwardly. Cf. Withinforth. [Obs.] Chaucer.


With*say”, v. t.

Defn: To contradict; to gainsay; to deny; to renounce. [Obs.] Gower.

If that he his Christendom withsay. Chaucer.


With*set”, v. t.

Defn: To set against; to oppose. [Obs.] “Their way he them withset.”

R. of Brunne.


With*stand”, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Withstood; p. pr. & vb. n.

Withstanding.] Etym: [AS. wiedhstandan. See With, prep., and Stand.]

Defn: To stand against; to oppose; to resist, either with physical or

moral force; as, to withstand an attack of troops; to withstand

eloquence or arguments. Piers Plowman.

I withstood him to the face. Gal. ii. 11.

Some village Hampden, that, with dauntless breast. The little tyrant

of his fields withstood. Gray.


With*stand”er, n.

Defn: One who withstands, or opposes; an opponent; a resisting power.


With*stood”, imp. & p. p.

Defn: oWithstand.


With”vine`, n. Etym: [Withe + vine.] (Bot.)

Defn: Quitch grass.


With”wind`, n. Etym: [AS. wiedhowinde.] (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis).

He bare a burden ybound with a broad list, In a withewyndes wise

ybounden about. Piers Plowman.


With”wine`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Same as Withvine.


With”y, n.; pl. Withies. Etym: [OE. withe, wipi, AS. wi a willow,

willow twig; akin to G. weide willow, OHG. wida, Icel. vi, a withy,

Sw. vide a willow twig, Dan. vidie a willow, osier, Gr. vitis a vine,

viere to plait, Russ. vite. sq. root141. Cf. Wine, Withe.]

1. (Bot.)

Defn: The osier willow (Salix viminalis). See Osier, n. (a).

2. A withe. See Withe, 1.


With”y, a.

Defn: Made of withes; like a withe; flexible and tough; also,

abounding in withes.

The stream is brimful now, and lies high in this little withy

plantation. G. Eliot.


Wit”ing, n. Etym: [See Wit, v.]

Defn: Knowledge. [Obs.] “Withouten witing of any other wight.”



Wit”less, a.

Defn: Destitute of wit or understanding; wanting thought; hence,

indiscreet; not under the guidance of judgment. “Witless bravery.”


A witty mother! witless else her son. Shak.

Witless pity breedeth fruitless love. Fairfax.

— Wit”less*ly, adv.

 — Wit”less*ness, n.


Wit”ling, n. Etym: [Wit + -ling; cf. G. witzling.]

Defn: A person who has little wit or understanding; a pretender to

wit or smartness.

A beau and witing perished in the forming. Pope.

Ye newspaper witlings! ye pert scribbling folks! Goldsmith.


Wit”ness, n. Etym: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. sq.

root133. See Wit, v. i.]

1. Attestation of a fact or an event; testimony.

May we with . . . the witness of a good conscience, pursue him with

any further revenge Shak.

If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. John v. 31.

2. That which furnishes evidence or proof.

Laban said to Jacob, . . . This heap be witness, and this pillar be

witness. Gen. xxxi. 51, 52.

3. One who is cognizant; a person who beholds, or otherwise has

personal knowledge of, anything; as, an eyewitness; an earwitness.

“Thyself art witness I am betrothed.” Shak.

Upon my looking round, I was witness to appearances which filled me

with melancholy and regret. R. Hall.

4. (Law)

(a) One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial

tribunal; as, the witness in court agreed in all essential facts.

(b) One who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes it

for the purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony; one

who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like. Privileged

witnesses. (Law) See under Privileged.

 — With a witness, effectually; to a great degree; with great force,

so as to leave some mark as a testimony. [Colloq.]

This, I confess, is haste with a witness. South.


Wit”ness, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Witnessed; p. pr. & vb. n. Witnessing.]

1. To see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of.

This is but a faint sketch of the incalculable calamities and horrors

we must expect, should we ever witness the triumphs of modern

infidelity. R. Hall.

General Washington did not live to witness the restoration of peace.


2. To give testimony to; to testify to; to attest.

Behold how many things they witness against thee. Mark xv. 4.

3. (Law)

Defn: To see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it for

the purpose of establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a bond

or a deed.


Wit”ness, v. i.

Defn: To bear testimony; to give evidence; to testify. Chaucer.

The men of Belial witnessed against him. 1 Kings xxi. 13.

The witnessing of the truth was then so generally attended with this

event [martyrdom] that martyrdom now signifies not only to witness,

but to witness to death. South.


Wit”ness*er, n.

Defn: One who witness.


Wit”-snap`per, n.

Defn: One who affects repartee; a wit-cracker. [Obs.] Shak.


Wit”-starved`, a.

Defn: Barren of wit; destitute of genius. Examiner.


Wit”ted, a.

Defn: Having (such) a wit or understanding; as, a quick-witted boy.


Wit”tic*as`ter, n. Etym: [Formed like criticaster.]

Defn: A witling. [R.] Milton.


Wit”ti*cism, n. Etym: [From Witty.]

Defn: A witty saying; a sentence or phrase which is affectedly witty;

an attempt at wit; a conceit. Milton.

He is full of conceptions, points of epigram, and witticisms; all

which are below the dignity of heroic verse. Addison.


Wit”ti*fied, a. Etym: [Witty + -fy + -ed.]

Defn: Possessed of wit; witty. [R.] R. North.


Wit”ti*ly, adv.

Defn: In a witty manner; wisely; ingeniously; artfully; with it; with

a delicate turn or phrase, or with an ingenious association of ideas.

Who his own harm so wittily contrives. Dryden.


Wit”ti*ness, n.

Defn: The quality of being witty.


Wit”ting*ly, adv. Etym: [See Wit, v.]

Defn: Knowingly; with knowledge; by design.


Wit”tol, n. Etym: [Said to be for white tail, and so called in

allusion to its white tail; but cf. witwal.]

1. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The wheatear. [Prov. Eng.]

2. A man who knows his wife’s infidelity and submits to it; a tame

cuckold; — so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the

wittol’s nest. [Obs.] Shak.


Wit”tol*ly, a.

Defn: Like a wittol; cuckoldly. [Obs.] Shak.


Witts, n. (Mining)

Defn: Tin ore freed from earthy matter by stamping. Knight.


Wit”ty, a. [Compar. Wittier; superl. Wittiest.] Etym: [AS. witig,

wittig. See Wit, n.]

1. Possessed of wit; knowing; wise; skillful; judicious; clever;

cunning. [Obs.] “The deep-revolving witty Buckingham.” Shak.

2. Especially, possessing wit or humor; good at repartee; droll;

facetious; sometimes, sarcastic; as, a witty remark, poem, and the

like. “Honeycomb, who was so unmercifully witty upon the women.”



 — Acute; smart; sharp; arch; keen; facetious; amusing; humorous;

satirical; ironical; taunting.


Wit”wal`, Wit”wall`, n. Etym: [Akin to G. wittewal, wiedewall, MHG.

witewal, D. wiedewaal, wielewaal, OD. weduwael, and perhaps the same

word as OE. wodewale. Cf. Wood, n., Wittol.] (Zoöl.)

(a) The golden oriole.

(b) The greater spotted woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]


Wit”worm`, n.

Defn: One who, or that which, feeds on or destroys wit. [Obs.] B.



Wive, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wived; p. pr. & vb. n. Wiving.] Etym: [AS.

wifian, gewifian. See Wite.]

Defn: To marry, as a man; to take a wife.

Wherefore we pray you hastily to wive. Chaucer.


Wive, v. t.

1. To match to a wife; to provide with a wife. “An I could get me but

a wife . . . I were manned, horsed, and wived.” Shak.

2. To take for a wife; to marry.

I have wived his sister. Sir W. Scott.


Wive”hood, n.

Defn: Wifehood. [Obs.] Spenser.


Wive”less, a.

Defn: Wifeless. [Obs.] Homilies.


Wive”ly, a.

Defn: Wifely. [Obs.] Udall.


Wiv”er, Wiv”ern, n. Etym: [OE. wivere a serpent, OF. wivre, guivre,

F. givre, guivre, wiver, from L. vipera; probably influenced by OHG.

wipera, from the Latin. See Viper, and cf. Weever.]

1. (Her.)

Defn: A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice, but

having the head of a dragon, and without spurs. [Written also


The jargon of heraldry, its griffins, its mold warps, its wiverns,

and its dragons. Sir W. Scott.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The weever.


Wives, n.

Defn: , pl of Wife.


Wiz”ard, n. Etym: [Probably from wise + -ard.]

1. A wise man; a sage. [Obs.]

See how from far upon the eastern road The star-led wizards [Magi]

haste with odors sweet! Milton.

2. One devoted to the black art; a magician; a conjurer; a sorcerer;

an enchanter.

The wily wizard must be caught. Dryden.


Wiz”ard, a.

1. Enchanting; charming. Collins.

2. Haunted by wizards.

Where Deva spreads her wizard stream. Milton.


Wiz”ard*ly, a.

Defn: Resembling or becoming a wizard; wizardlike; weird.


Wiz”ard*ry, n.

Defn: The character or practices o “He acquired a reputation

bordering on wizardry.” J. A. Symonds.


Wiz”en, v. i. Etym: [OE. wisenen, AS. wisnian akin to weornian to

decay, OHG. wesan to grow dry, G. verwesen to rot, Icel. visna to

wither, Sw. vissna, Dan. visne, and probably to L. virus an offensive

odor, poison. Cf. Virus.]

Defn: To wither; to dry. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


Wiz”en, a.

Defn: Wizened; thin; weazen; withered.

A little lonely, wizen, strangely clad boy. Dickens.


Wiz”en, n.

Defn: The weasand. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


Wiz”ened, a.

Defn: Dried; shriveled; withered; shrunken; weazen; as, a wizened old



Wiz”en-faced`, a.

Defn: Having a shriveled, thin, withered face.


Wlat”some, a. Etym: [AS. wlatian to disgust, irk, wl loathing.]

Defn: Loathsome; disgusting; hateful. [Obs.]

Murder is . . . wlatsom and abhominable to God. Chaucer.


Wo, n. & a.

Defn: See Woe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Woad, n. Etym: [OE. wod, AS. wad; akin to D. weede, G. waid, OHG.

weit, Dan. vaid, veid, Sw. veide, L. vitrum.] [Written also wad, and


1. (Bot.)

Defn: An herbaceous cruciferous plant (Isatis tinctoria). It was

formerly cultivated for the blue coloring matter derived from its


2. A blue dyestuff, or coloring matter, consisting of the powdered

and fermented leaves of the Isatis tinctoria. It is now superseded by

indigo, but is somewhat used with indigo as a ferment in dyeing.

Their bodies . . . painted with woad in sundry figures. Milton.

Wild woad (Bot.), the weld (Reseda luteola). See Weld.

 — Woad mill, a mill grinding and preparing woad.


Woad”ed, a.

Defn: Colored or stained with woad. “Man tattoed or woaded, winter-

clad in skins.” Tennyson.


Woad”-wax`en, n. Etym: [Cf. Wood-wax.] (Bot.)

Defn: A leguminous plant (Genista tinctoria) of Europe and Russian

Asia, and adventitious in America; — called also greenwood,

greenweed, dyer’s greenweed, and whin, wood-wash, wood-wax, and wood-



Woald, n.

Defn: See Weld.


Wob”ble, v. i.

Defn: See Wabble.


Wode, a. Etym: [AS. wod.]

Defn: Mad. See Wood, a. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer.


Wode, n.

Defn: Wood. Chaucer.


Wode”geld`, n. Etym: [See Wood, and Geld.] (O. Eng. Law)

Defn: A geld, or payment, for wood. Burrill.


Wo”den, n. Etym: [AS. Woden; akin to OS. Wodan, OHG. Wuotan, Icel.

Othinn, and probably to E. wood, a. Cf. Wednesday.] (Northern Myth.)

Defn: A deity corresponding to Odin, the supreme deity of the

Scandinavians. Wednesday is named for him. See Odin.


Woe, n. Etym: [OE. wo, wa, woo, AS. wa, interj.; akin to D. wee, OS.

& OHG. we, G. weh, Icel. vei, Dan. vee, Sw. ve, Goth. wai; cf. L.

vae, Gr. Wail.] [Formerly written also wo.]

1. Grief; sorrow; misery; heavy calamity.

Thus saying, from her side the fatal key, Sad instrument of all our

woe, she took. Milton.

[They] weep each other’s woe. Pope.

2. A curse; a malediction.

Can there be a woe or curse in all the stores of vengeance equal to

the malignity of such a practice South.

Note: Woe is used in denunciation, and in exclamations of sorrow. “

Woe is me! for I am undone.” Isa. vi. 5.

O! woe were us alive [i.e., in life]. Chaucer.

Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Isa. xlv. 9.

Woe worth, Woe be to. See Worth, v. i.

Woe worth the chase, woe worth the day, That costs thy life, my

gallant gray! Sir W. Scott.


Woe, a.

Defn: Woeful; sorrowful. [Obs.]

His clerk was woe to do that deed. Robert of Brunne.

Woe was this knight and sorrowfully he sighed. Chaucer.

And looking up he waxed wondrous woe. Spenser.


Woe”-be*gone`, a. Etym: [OE. wo begon. See Woe, and Begone, p. p.]

Defn: Beset or overwhelmed with woe; immersed in grief or sorrow;

woeful. Chaucer.

So woe-begone was he with pains of love. Fairfax.


Woe”ful, Wo”ful, a.

1. Full of woe; sorrowful; distressed with grief or calamity;

afflicted; wretched; unhappy; sad.

How many woeful widows left to bow To sad disgrace! Daniel.

2. Bringing calamity, distress, or affliction; as, a woeful event;

woeful want.

O woeful day! O day of woe! Philips.

3. Wretched; paltry; miserable; poor.

What woeful stuff this madrigal would be! Pope.


Woe”ful*ly, Wo”ful*ly, adv.

Defn: In a woeful manner; sorrowfully; mournfully; miserably;



Woe”ful*ness, Wo”ful*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being woeful; misery; wretchedness.


Woe”some, a.

Defn: Woeful. [Obs.] Langhorne.


Woke, imp. & p. p.

Defn: Wake.


Wol, v. t. & i.

Defn: See 2d Will. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Wold, n. Etym: [OE. wold, wald, AS. weald, wald, a wood, forest; akin

to OFries. & OS. wald, D. woud, G. wald, Icel. völlr, a field, and

probably to Gr. va a garden, inclosure. Cf. Weald.]

1. A wood; a forest.

2. A plain, or low hill; a country without wood, whether hilly or


And from his further bank Ætolia’s wolds espied. Byron.

The wind that beats the mountain, blows More softly round the open

wold. Tennyson.


Wold, n.

Defn: See Weld.


Wolde, obs.

Defn: imp. of Will. See Would.


Wolf, n.; pl. Wolves. Etym: [OE. wolf, wulf, AS. wulf; akin to OS.

wulf, D. & G. wolf, Icel. ulfr, Sw. ulf, Dan. ulv, Goth. wulfs, Lith.

vilkas, Russ. volk’, L. lupus, Gr. ly`kos, Skr. vrska; also to Gr.

“e`lkein to draw, drag, tear in pieces. sq. root286. Cf. Lupine, a.,


1. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of wild and savage carnivores

belonging to the genus Canis and closely allied to the common dog.

The best-known and most destructive species are the European wolf

(Canis lupus), the American gray, or timber, wolf (C. occidentalis),

and the prairie wolf, or coyote. Wolves often hunt in packs, and may

thus attack large animals and even man.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: One of the destructive, and usually hairy, larvæ of several

species of beetles and grain moths; as, the bee wolf.

3. Fig.: Any very ravenous, rapacious, or destructive person or

thing; especially, want; starvation; as, they toiled hard to keep the

wolf from the door.

4. A white worm, or maggot, which infests granaries.

5. An eating ulcer or sore. Cf. Lupus. [Obs.]

If God should send a cancer upon thy face, or a wolf into thy side.

Jer. Taylor.

6. (Mus.)

(a) The harsh, howling sound of some of the chords on an organ or

piano tuned by unequal temperament.

(b) In bowed instruments, a harshness due to defective vibration in

certain notes of the scale.

7. (Textile Manuf.)

Defn: A willying machine. Knight. Black wolf. (Zoöl.) (a) A black

variety of the European wolf which is common in the Pyrenees. (b) A

black variety of the American gray wolf.

 — Golden wolf (Zoöl.), the Thibetan wolf (Canis laniger); — called

also chanco.

 — Indian wolf (Zoöl.), an Asiatic wolf (Canis pallipes) which

somewhat resembles a jackal. Called also landgak.

 — Prairie wolf (Zoöl.), the coyote.

 — Sea wolf. (Zoöl.) See in the Vocabulary.

 — Strand wolf (Zoöl.) the striped hyena.

 — Tasmanian wolf (Zoöl.), the zebra wolf.

 — Tiger wolf (Zoöl.), the spotted hyena.

 — To keep the wolf from the door, to keep away poverty; to prevent

starvation. See Wolf, 3, above. Tennyson.

 — Wolf dog. (Zoöl.) (a) The mastiff, or shepherd dog, of the

Pyrenees, supposed by some authors to be one of the ancestors of the

St. Bernard dog. (b) The Irish greyhound, supposed to have been used

formerly by the Danes for chasing wolves. (c) A dog bred between a

dog and a wolf, as the Eskimo dog.

 — Wolf eel (Zoöl.), a wolf fish.

 — Wolf fish (Zoöl.), any one of several species of large, voracious

marine fishes of the genus Anarrhichas, especially the common species

(A. lupus) of Europe and North America. These fishes have large teeth

and powerful jaws. Called also catfish, sea cat, sea wolf, stone

biter, and swinefish.

 — Wolf net, a kind of net used in fishing, which takes great

numbers of fish.

 — Wolf’s peach (Bot.), the tomato, or love apple (Lycopersicum


 — Wolf spider (Zoöl.), any one of numerous species of running

ground spiders belonging to the genus Lycosa, or family Lycosidæ.

These spiders run about rapidly in search of their prey. Most of them

are plain brown or blackish in color. See Illust. in App.

 — Zebra wolf (Zoöl.), a savage carnivorous marsupial (Thylacinus

cynocephalus) native of Tasmania; — called also Tasmanian wolf.


Wolf”ber`ry, n. (Bot.)

Defn: An American shrub (Symphoricarpus occidentalis) which bears

soft white berries.


Wolff”i*an, a (Anat.)

Defn: Discovered, or first described, by Caspar Friedrich Wolff

(1733-1794), the founder of modern embryology. Wolffian body, the


 — Wolffian duct, the duct from the Wolffian body.


Wolf”hound`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Originally, a large hound used in hunting wolves; now, any one

of certain breeds of large dogs, some of which are nearly identical

with the great Danes.


Wolf”ish, a.

Defn: Like a wolf; having the qualities or form of a wolf; as, a

wolfish visage; wolfish designs.

 — Wolf”ish*ly, adv.

 — Wolf”ish*ness, n.


Wolf”kin, n.

Defn: A little or young wolf. Tennyson.


Wolf”ling, n.

Defn: A young wolf. Carlyle.


Wol”fram, n. Etym: [G.] (Min.)

Defn: Same as Wolframite.


Wol”fram*ate, n. (Chem.)

Defn: A salt of wolframic acid; a tungstate.


Wol*fram”ic, a. (Chem.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to wolframium. See Tungstic.


Wol”fram*ite, n. Etym: [G., wolframit, wolfram; wolf wolf + rahm

cream, soot; cf. G. wolfsruss wolfram, lit., wolf’s soot.] (Min.)

Defn: Tungstate of iron and manganese, generally of a brownish or

grayish black color, submetallic luster, and high specific gravity.

It occurs in cleavable masses, and also crystallized. Called also



Wol*fra”mi*um, n. Etym: [NL. See Wolfram.] (Chem.)

Defn: The technical name of the element tungsten. See Tungsten.


Wol”fram steel.

Defn: Same as Tungsten steel.


Wolfs”bane`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A poisonous plant (Aconitum Lycoctonum), a kind of monkshood;

also, by extension, any plant or species of the genus Aconitum. See



Wolf’s”-claw`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of club moss. See Lycopodium.


Wolf’s”-foot`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Club moss. See Lycopodium.


Wolf’s”-milk`, n. (Bot.)

Defn: Any kind of spurge (Euphorbia); — so called from its acrid

milky juice.


Woll, v. t. & i.

Defn: See 2d Will. [Obs.]


Wol”las*ton*ite, n. Etym: [After Dr. W. H. Wollaston, an English

chemist, who died in 1828.] (Min.)

Defn: A silicate of lime of a white to gray, red, or yellow color,

occurring generally in cleavable masses, rarely in tabular crystals;

tabular spar.


Wol”las*ton’s dou”blet. [After W. H. Wollaston, English physicist.]


Defn: A magnifying glass consisting of two plano-convex lenses. It is

designed to correct spherical aberration and chromatic dispersion.


Wolle, n.

Defn: Wool. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Wol`ver*ene”, Wol`ver*ine”, n. Etym: [From Wolf, with a dim suffix;

prob. so called from its supposed wolfish qualities.]

1. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The glutton.

2. A nickname for an inhabitant of Michigan. [U. S.]


Wol`ver*ene” State.

Defn: Michigan; — a nickname.


Wolves, n.,

Defn: pl. of Wolf.


Wolv”ish, a.

Defn: Wolfish. Shak.


Wom”an n.; pl. Women. Etym: [OE. woman, womman, wumman, wimman,

wifmon, AS. wifmann, wimmann; wif woman, wife + mann a man. See Wife,

and Man.]

1. An adult female person; a grown-up female person, as distinguished

from a man or a child; sometimes, any female person.

Women are soft, mild pitiful, and flexible. Shak.

And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman.

Gen. ii. 22.

I have observed among all nations that the women ornament themselves

more than the men; that, wherever found, they are the same kind,

civil, obliging, humane, tender beings, inclined to be gay and

cheerful, timorous and modest. J. Ledyard.

2. The female part of the human race; womankind.

Man is destined to be a prey to woman. Thackeray.

3. A female attendant or servant. ” By her woman I sent your

message.” Shak. Woman hater, one who hates women; one who has an

aversion to the female sex; a misogynist. Swift.


Wom”an, v. t.

1. To act the part of a woman in; — with indefinite it. Daniel.

2. To make effeminate or womanish. [R.] Shak.

3. To furnish with, or unite to, a woman. [R.] “To have him see me

woman’d.” Shak.


Wom”an*head, Wom”an*hede, n.

Defn: Womanhood. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Wom”an*hood, n.

1. The state of being a woman; the distinguishing character or

qualities of a woman, or of womankind.

Unspotted faith, and comely womanhood. Spenser.

Perhaps the smile and the tender tone Came out of her pitying

womanhood. Tennyson.

2. Women, collectively; womankind.


Wom”an*ish, a.

Defn: Suitable to a woman, having the qualities of a woman;

effeminate; not becoming a man; — usually in a reproachful sense.

See the Note under Effeminate. ” Thy tears are womanish.” Shak. “

Womanish entreaties.” Macaulay.

A voice not soft, weak, piping, and womanish, but audible, strong,

and manlike. Ascham.

— Wom”an*ish*ly, adv.

 — Wom”an*ish*ness, n.


Wom”an*ize, v. t.

Defn: To make like a woman; to make effeminate. [Obs.] V. Knox.


Wom”an*kind`, n.

Defn: The females of the human race; women, collectively.

A sanctuary into which womankind, with her tools of magic, the broom

and mop, has very infrequent access. Hawthorne.


Wom”an*less, a.

Defn: Without a woman or women.


Wom”an*like, a.

Defn: Like a woman; womanly.

Womanlike, taking revenge too deep. Tennyson.


Wom”an*li*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being womanly.

There is nothing wherein their womanliness is more honestly garnished

than with silence. Udall.


Wom”an*ly, a.

Defn: Becoming a woman; feminine; as, womanly behavior. Arbuthnot.

A blushing, womanly discovering grace. Donne.


Wom”an*ly, adv.

Defn: In the manner of a woman; with the grace, tenderness, or

affection of a woman. Gascoigne.


Woman’s Christian Temperance Union.

Defn: An association of women formed in the United States in 1874,

for the advancement of temperance by organizing preventive,

educational, evangelistic, social, and legal work.


Womb, n. Etym: [OE. wombe, wambe, AS. wamb, womb; akin to D. wam

belly, OS. & OHG. wamba, G. wamme, wampe, Icel. vömb, Sw. v&mb, Dan.

vom, Goth. wamba.]

1. The belly; the abdomen. [Obs.] Chaucer.

And he coveted to fill his woman of the cods that the hogs eat, and

no man gave him. Wyclif (Luke xv. 16).

An I had but a belly of any indifferency, I were simply the most

active fellow in Europe. My womb, my womb, my womb undoes me. Shak.

2. (Anat.)

Defn: The uterus. See Uterus.

3. The place where anything is generated or produced.

The womb of earth the genial seed receives. Dryden.

4. Any cavity containing and enveloping anything.

The center spike of gold Which burns deep in the bluebell’s womb. R.



Womb, v. t.

Defn: To inclose in a womb, or as in a womb; to breed or hold in

secret. [Obs.] Shak.


Wom”bat, n. Etym: [From the native name, womback, wombach, in

Australia.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of three species of Australian burrowing marsupials of

the genus Phascolomys, especially the common species (P. ursinus).

They are nocturnal in their habits, and feed mostly on roots.


Womb”y, a.

Defn: Capacious. [Obs.] Shak.


Wom”en, n.,

Defn: pl. of Woman.



Defn: imp. & p. p. of Win.


Won, v. i. Etym: [See 1st Wone.]

Defn: To dwell or abide. [Obs. or Scot.] ” Where he wans in forest

wild.” Milton.

This land where I have woned thus long. Spenser.


Won, n.

Defn: Dwelling; wone. [Obs.] Spenser.


Won”der, n. Etym: [OE. wonder, wunder, AS. wundor; akin to D. wonder,

OS. wundar, OHG. wuntar, G. wunder, Icel. undr, Sw. & Dan. under, and

perhaps to Gr.

1. That emotion which is excited by novelty, or the presentation to

the sight or mind of something new, unusual, strange, great,

extraordinary, or not well understood; surprise; astonishment;

admiration; amazement.

They were filled with wonder and amazement at that which had happened

unto him. Acts iii. 10.

Wonder is the effect of novelty upon ignorance. Johnson.

Note: Wonder expresses less than astonishment, and much less than

amazement. It differs from admiration, as now used, in not being

necessarily accompanied with love, esteem, or approbation.

2. A cause of wonder; that which excites surprise; a strange thing; a

prodigy; a miracle. ” Babylon, the wonder of all tongues.” Milton.

To try things oft, and never to give over, doth wonders. Bacon.

I am as a wonder unto many. Ps. lxxi. 7.

Seven wonders of the world. See in the Dictionary of Noted Names in



Won”der, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wondered; p. pr. & vb. n. Wondering.]

Etym: [AS. wundrian.]

1. To be affected with surprise or admiration; to be struck with

astonishment; to be amazed; to marvel.

I could not sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these

diminutive mortals. Swift.

We cease to wonder at what we understand. Johnson.

2. To feel doubt and curiosity; to wait with uncertain expectation;

to query in the mind; as, he wondered why they came.

I wonder, in my soul, What you would ask me, that I should deny.



Won”der, a.

Defn: Wonderful. [Obs.] Gower.

After that he said a wonder thing. Chaucer.


Won”der, adv.

Defn: Wonderfully. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Won”dered, a.

Defn: Having performed wonders; able to perform wonderful things.

[Obs.] Shak.


Won”der*er, n.

Defn: One who wonders.


Won”der*ful, a.

Defn: Adapted to excite wonder or admiration; surprising; strange;



 — Marvelous; amazing. See Marvelous.

 — Won”der*ful*ly, adv.

 — Won”der*ful*ness, n.


Won”der*ing*ly, adv.

Defn: In a wondering manner.


Won”der*land`, n.

Defn: A land full of wonders, or marvels. M. Arnold.


Won”der*ly, adv. Etym: [AS. wundorlice.]

Defn: Wonderfully; wondrously. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Won”der*ment, n.

Defn: Surprise; astonishment; a wonderful appearance; a wonder.


All the common sights they view, Their wonderment engage. Sir W.



Won”der*ous, a.

Defn: Same as Wondrous.


Won”ders, adv.

Defn: See Wondrous. [Obs.]

They be wonders glad thereof. Sir T. More.


Won”der*struck`, a.

Defn: Struck with wonder, admiration, or surprise. Dryden.


Won”der*work`, n. Etym: [AS. wundorweorc.]

Defn: A wonderful work or act; a prodigy; a miracle.

Such as in strange land He found in wonderworks of God and Nature’s

hand. Byron.


Won”der-work`er, n.

Defn: One who performs wonders, or miracles.


Won”der-work`ing, a.

Defn: Doing wonders or surprising things.


Won”drous, adv. Etym: [OE. wonders, adv. (later also adj.). See

Wonder, n., and cf. -wards.]

Defn: In a wonderful or surprising manner or degree; wonderfully.

For sylphs, yet mindful of their ancient race, Are, as when women,

wondrous fond of place. Pope.

And now there came both mist and snow, And it grew wondrous cold.



Won”drous, a.

Defn: Wonderful; astonishing; admirable; marvelous; such as excite

surprise and astonishment; strange.

That I may . . . tell of all thy wondrous works. Ps. xxvi. 7.

— Won”drous*ly, adv.

 — Won”drous*ness, n.

Chloe complains, and wondrously’s aggrieved. Granville.


Wone, v. i. Etym: [OE. wonen, wunen, wonien, wunien, AS. wunian.

Wont, a.]

Defn: To dwell; to abide. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

Their habitation in which they woned. Chaucer.


Wone, n. Etym: [OE. See Wone, v. i., Wont, a.]

1. Dwelling; habitation; abode. [Obs.] Chaucer.

2. Custom; habit; wont; use; usage. [Obs.]

To liven in delight was all his wone. Chaucer.


Wong, n. Etym: [AS. wang, wong.]

Defn: A field. [Obs.] Spelman. “Woods and wonges.” Havelok the Dane.


Wong”er, n.

Defn: See Wanger. [Obs.] Chaucer.


Won”ing, n.

Defn: Dwelling. [Obs.] Chaucer.



Defn: A colloquial contraction of woll not. Will not. See Will.

Note: Often pronounced wûnt in New England.


Wont, a. Etym: [For woned, p. p. of won, wone, to dwell, AS. wunian;

akin to D. wonen, OS. wun, OHG, won, G. wohnen, and AS. wund, gewuna,

custom, habit; orig. probably, to take pleasure; cf. Icel. una to

dwell, to enjoy, Goth. wunan to rejoice (in unwunands sad); and akin

to Skr. van to like, to wish. Wean, Win.]

Defn: Using or doing customarily; accustomed; habituated; used. “As

he was wont to go.” Chaucer.

If the ox were wont to push with his horn. Ex. xxi. 29.


Wont, n.

Defn: Custom; habit; use; usage.

They are . . . to be called out to their military motions, under sky

or covert, according to the season, as was the Roman wont. Milton.

From childly wont and ancient use. Cowper.


Wont, v. i. [imp. Wont, p. p. Wont, or Wonted; p. pr. & vb. n.


Defn: To be accustomed or habituated; to be used.

A yearly solemn feast she wont to make. Spenser.


Wont, v. t.

Defn: To accustom; — used reflexively.


Wont”ed, a.

Defn: Accustomed; customary; usual.

Again his wonted weapon proved. Spenser.

Like an old piece of furniture left alone in its wonted corner. Sir

W. Scott.

She was wonted to the place, and would not remove. L’Estrange.


Wont”ed*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being accustomed. [R.] Eikon Basilike.


Wont”less, a.

Defn: Unaccustomed. [Obs.] Spenser.


Woo, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wooed; p. pr. & vb. n. Wooing.] Etym: [OE.

wowen, wo, AS. w, fr. w bent, crooked, bad; akin to OS. wah evil,

Goth. unwahs blameless, Skr. va to waver, and perhaps to E.


1. To solicit in love; to court.

Each, like the Grecian artist, wooes The image he himself has

wrought. Prior.

2. To court solicitously; to invite with importunity.

Thee, chantress, oft the woods among I woo, to hear thy even song.


I woo the wind That still delays his coming. Bryant.


Woo, v. i.

Defn: To court; to make love. Dryden.


Wood, a. Etym: [OE. wod, AS. w; akin to OHG. wuot, Icel. , Goth. w,

D. woede madness, G. wuth, wut, also to AS. w song, Icel. , L. vates

a seer, a poet. Cf. Wednesday.]

Defn: Mad; insane; possessed; rabid; furious; frantic. [Obs.]

[Written also wode.]

Our hoste gan to swear as [if] he were wood. Chaucer.


Wood, v. i.

Defn: To grow mad; to act like a madman; to mad. Chaucer.


Wood, n. Etym: [OE. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG. witu,

Icel. vi, Dan. & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. & Gael. fiodh, W.

gwydd trees, shrubs.]

1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; —

frequently used in the plural.

Light thickens, and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood. Shak.

2. The substance of trees and the like; the hard fibrous substance

which composes the body of a tree and its branches, and which is

covered by the bark; timber. “To worship their own work in wood and

stone for gods.” Milton.

3. (Bot.)

Defn: The fibrous material which makes up the greater part of the

stems and branches of trees and shrubby plants, and is found to a

less extent in herbaceous stems. It consists of elongated tubular or

needle-shaped cells of various kinds, usually interwoven with the

shinning bands called silver grain.

Note: Wood consists chiefly of the carbohydrates cellulose and

lignin, which are isomeric with starch.

4. Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses. Wood acid, Wood

vinegar (Chem.), a complex acid liquid obtained in the dry

distillation of wood, and containing large quantities of acetic acid;

hence, specifically, acetic acid. Formerly called pyroligneous acid.

 — Wood anemone (Bot.), a delicate flower (Anemone nemorosa) of

early spring; — also called windflower. See Illust. of Anemone.

 — Wood ant (Zoöl.), a large ant (Formica rufa) which lives in woods

and forests, and constructs large nests.

 — Wood apple (Bot.). See Elephant apple, under Elephant.

 — Wood baboon (Zoöl.), the drill.

 — Wood betony. (Bot.) (a) Same as Betony. (b) The common American

lousewort (Pedicularis Canadensis), a low perennial herb with

yellowish or purplish flowers.

 — Wood borer. (Zoöl.) (a) The larva of any one of numerous species

of boring beetles, esp. elaters, longicorn beetles, buprestidans, and

certain weevils. See Apple borer, under Apple, and Pine weevil, under

Pine. (b) The larva of any one of various species of lepidopterous

insects, especially of the clearwing moths, as the peach-tree borer

(see under Peach), and of the goat moths. (c) The larva of various

species of hymenopterous of the tribe Urocerata. See Tremex. (d) Any

one of several bivalve shells which bore in wood, as the teredos, and

species of Xylophaga. (e) Any one of several species of small

Crustacea, as the Limnoria, and the boring amphipod (Chelura


 — Wood carpet, a kind of floor covering made of thin pieces of wood

secured to a flexible backing, as of cloth. Knight.

 — Wood cell (Bot.), a slender cylindrical or prismatic cell usually

tapering to a point at both ends. It is the principal constituent of

woody fiber.

 — Wood choir, the choir, or chorus, of birds in the woods. [Poetic]


 — Wood coal, charcoal; also, lignite, or brown coal.

 — Wood cricket (Zoöl.), a small European cricket (Nemobius


 — Wood culver (Zoöl.), the wood pigeon.

 — Wood cut, an engraving on wood; also, a print from such an


 — Wood dove (Zoöl.), the stockdove.

 — Wood drink, a decoction or infusion of medicinal woods.

 — Wood duck (Zoöl.) (a) A very beautiful American duck (Aix

sponsa). The male has a large crest, and its plumage is varied with

green, purple, black, white, and red. It builds its nest in trees,

whence the name. Called also bridal duck, summer duck, and wood

widgeon. (b) The hooded merganser. (c) The Australian maned goose

(Chlamydochen jubata).

 — Wood echo, an echo from the wood.

 — Wood engraver. (a) An engraver on wood. (b) (Zoöl.) Any of

several species of small beetles whose larvæ bore beneath the bark of

trees, and excavate furrows in the wood often more or less resembling

coarse engravings; especially, Xyleborus xylographus.

 — Wood engraving. (a) The act or art engraving on wood; xylography.

(b) An engraving on wood; a wood cut; also, a print from such an


 — Wood fern. (Bot.) See Shield fern, under Shield.

 — Wood fiber. (a) (Bot.) Fibrovascular tissue. (b) Wood comminuted,

and reduced to a powdery or dusty mass.

 — Wood fretter (Zoöl.), any one of numerous species of beetles

whose larvæ bore in the wood, or beneath the bark, of trees.

 — Wood frog (Zoöl.), a common North American frog (Rana sylvatica)

which lives chiefly in the woods, except during the breeding season.

It is drab or yellowish brown, with a black stripe on each side of

the head.

 — Wood germander. (Bot.) See under Germander.

 — Wood god, a fabled sylvan deity.

 — Wood grass. (Bot.) See under Grass.

 — Wood grouse. (Zoöl.) (a) The capercailzie. (b) The spruce

partridge. See under Spruce.

 — Wood guest (Zoöl.), the ringdove. [Prov. Eng.] — Wood hen.

(Zoöl.) (a) Any one of several species of Old World short-winged

rails of the genus Ocydromus, including the weka and allied species.

(b) The American woodcock.

 — Wood hoopoe (Zoöl.), any one of several species of Old World

arboreal birds belonging to Irrisor and allied genera. They are

closely allied to the common hoopoe, but have a curved beak, and a

longer tail.

 — Wood ibis (Zoöl.), any one of several species of large, long-

legged, wading birds belonging to the genus Tantalus. The head and

neck are naked or scantily covered with feathers. The American wood

ibis (Tantalus loculator) is common in Florida.

 — Wood lark (Zoöl.), a small European lark (Alauda arborea), which,

like, the skylark, utters its notes while on the wing. So called from

its habit of perching on trees.

 — Wood laurel (Bot.), a European evergreen shrub (Daphne Laureola).

 — Wood leopard (Zoöl.), a European spotted moth (Zeuzera æsculi)

allied to the goat moth. Its large fleshy larva bores in the wood of

the apple, pear, and other fruit trees.

 — Wood lily (Bot.), the lily of the valley.

 — Wood lock (Naut.), a piece of wood close fitted and sheathed with

copper, in the throating or score of the pintle, to keep the rudder

from rising.

 — Wood louse (Zoöl.) (a) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial

isopod Crustacea belonging to Oniscus, Armadillo, and related genera.

See Sow bug, under Sow, and Pill bug, under Pill. (b) Any one of

several species of small, wingless, pseudoneuropterous insects of the

family Psocidæ, which live in the crevices of walls and among old

books and papers. Some of the species are called also book lice, and

deathticks, or deathwatches.

 — Wood mite (Zoöl.), any one of numerous small mites of the family

Oribatidæ. They are found chiefly in woods, on tree trunks and


 — Wood mote. (Eng. Law) (a) Formerly, the forest court. (b) The

court of attachment.

 — Wood nettle. (Bot.) See under Nettle.

 — Wood nightshade (Bot.), woody nightshade.

 — Wood nut (Bot.), the filbert.

 — Wood nymph. (a) A nymph inhabiting the woods; a fabled goddess of

the woods; a dryad. “The wood nymphs, decked with daisies trim.”

Milton. (b) (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of handsomely colored

moths belonging to the genus Eudryas. The larvæ are bright-colored,

and some of the species, as Eudryas grata, and E. unio, feed on the

leaves of the grapevine. (c) (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of

handsomely colored South American humming birds belonging to the

genus Thalurania. The males are bright blue, or green and blue.

 — Wood offering, wood burnt on the altar.

We cast the lots . . . for the wood offering. Neh. x. 34.

— Wood oil (Bot.), a resinous oil obtained from several East Indian

trees of the genus Dipterocarpus, having properties similar to those

of copaiba, and sometimes substituted for it. It is also used for

mixing paint. See Gurjun.

 — Wood opal (Min.), a striped variety of coarse opal, having some

resemblance to wood.

 — Wood paper, paper made of wood pulp. See Wood pulp, below.

 — Wood pewee (Zoöl.), a North American tyrant flycatcher (Contopus

virens). It closely resembles the pewee, but is smaller.

 — Wood pie (Zoöl.), any black and white woodpecker, especially the

European great spotted woodpecker.

 — Wood pigeon. (Zoöl.) (a) Any one of numerous species of Old World

pigeons belonging to Palumbus and allied genera of the family

Columbidæ. (b) The ringdove.

 — Wood puceron (Zoöl.), a plant louse.

 — Wood pulp (Technol.), vegetable fiber obtained from the poplar

and other white woods, and so softened by digestion with a hot

solution of alkali that it can be formed into sheet paper, etc. It is

now produced on an immense scale.

 — Wood quail (Zoöl.), any one of several species of East Indian

crested quails belonging to Rollulus and allied genera, as the red-

crested wood quail (R. roulroul), the male of which is bright green,

with a long crest of red hairlike feathers.

 — Wood rabbit (Zoöl.), the cottontail.

 — Wood rat (Zoöl.), any one of several species of American wild

rats of the genus Neotoma found in the Southern United States; —

called also bush rat. The Florida wood rat (Neotoma Floridana) is the

best-known species.

 — Wood reed grass (Bot.), a tall grass (Cinna arundinacea) growing

in moist woods.

 — Wood reeve, the steward or overseer of a wood. [Eng.] — Wood

rush (Bot.), any plant of the genus Luzula, differing from the true

rushes of the genus Juncus chiefly in having very few seeds in each


 — Wood sage (Bot.), a name given to several labiate plants of the

genus Teucrium. See Germander.

 — Wood screw, a metal screw formed with a sharp thread, and usually

with a slotted head, for insertion in wood.

 — Wood sheldrake (Zoöl.), the hooded merganser.

 — Wood shock (Zoöl.), the fisher. See Fisher, 2.

 — Wood shrike (Zoöl.), any one of numerous species of Old World

singing birds belonging to Grallina, Collyricincla, Prionops, and

allied genera, common in India and Australia. They are allied to the

true shrikes, but feed upon both insects and berries.

 — Wood snipe. (Zoöl.) (a) The American woodcock. (b) An Asiatic

snipe (Gallinago nemoricola).

 — Wood soot, soot from burnt wood.

 — Wood sore. (Zoöl.) See Cuckoo spit, under Cuckoo.

 — Wood sorrel (Bot.), a plant of the genus Oxalis (Oxalis

Acetosella), having an acid taste. See Illust. (a) of Shamrock.

 — Wood spirit. (Chem.) See Methyl alcohol, under Methyl.

 — Wood stamp, a carved or engraved block or stamp of wood, for

impressing figures or colors on fabrics.

 — Wood star (Zoöl.), any one of several species of small South

American humming birds belonging to the genus Calothorax. The male

has a brilliant gorget of blue, purple, and other colors.

 — Wood sucker (Zoöl.), the yaffle.

 — Wood swallow (Zoöl.), any one of numerous species of Old World

passerine birds belonging to the genus Artamus and allied genera of

the family Artamidæ. They are common in the East Indies, Asia, and

Australia. In form and habits they resemble swallows, but in

structure they resemble shrikes. They are usually black above and

white beneath.

 — Wood tapper (Zoöl.), any woodpecker.

 — Wood tar. See under Tar.

 — Wood thrush, (Zoöl.) (a) An American thrush (Turdus mustelinus)

noted for the sweetness of its song. See under Thrush. (b) The missel


 — Wood tick. See in Vocabulary.

 — Wood tin. (Min.). See Cassiterite.

 — Wood titmouse (Zoöl.), the goldcgest.

 — Wood tortoise (Zoöl.), the sculptured tortoise. See under


 — Wood vine (Bot.), the white bryony.

 — Wood vinegar. See Wood acid, above.

 — Wood warbler. (Zoöl.) (a) Any one of numerous species of American

warblers of the genus Dendroica. See Warbler. (b) A European warbler

(Phylloscopus sibilatrix); — called also green wren, wood wren, and

yellow wren.

 — Wood worm (Zoöl.), a larva that bores in wood; a wood borer.

 — Wood wren. (Zoöl.) (a) The wood warbler. (b) The willow warbler.


Wood, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wooded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wooding.]

Defn: To supply with wood, or get supplies of wood for; as, to wood a

steamboat or a locomotive.


Wood, v. i.

Defn: To take or get a supply of wood.


Wood”bind`, n.

Defn: Woodbine. Dryden.

A garland . . . of woodbind or hawthorn leaves. Chaucer.


Wood”bine`, n. Etym: [AS. wudubind black ivy; — so named as binding

about trees. See Wood, and Bind, v. t.] (Bot.)

(a) A climbing plant having flowers of great fragrance (Lonicera

Periclymenum); the honeysuckle.

(b) The Virginia creeper. See Virginia creeper, under Virginia.

[Local, U. S.]

Beatrice, who even now Is couched in the woodbine coverture. Shak.


Wood”-bound`, a.

Defn: Incumbered with tall, woody hedgerows.


Wood”bur*y-type`, n. Etym: [After the name of the inventor, W.


1. A process in photographic printing, in which a relief pattern in

gelatin, which has been hardened after certain operations, is pressed

upon a plate of lead or other soft metal. An intaglio impression in

thus produced, from which pictures may be directly printed, but by a

slower process than in common printing.

2. A print from such a plate.


Wood”chat`, n. (Zoöl.)

(a) Any one of several species of Asiatic singing birds belonging to

the genera Ianthia and Larvivora. They are closely allied to the

European robin. The males are usually bright blue above, and more or

less red or rufous beneath.

(b) A European shrike (Enneoctonus rufus). In the male the head and

nape are rufous red; the back, wings, and tail are black, varied with



Wood”chuck`, n.

1. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A common large North American marmot (Arctomys monax). It is

usually reddish brown, more or less grizzled with gray. It makes

extensive burrows, and is often injurious to growing crops. Called

also ground hog.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle, or green woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]


Wood”cock`, n. Etym: [AS. wuducoc.]

1. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of long-billed limicoline birds

belonging to the genera Scolopax and Philohela. They are mostly

nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed as game birds.

Note: The most important species are the European (Scolopax

rusticola) and the American woodcock (Philohela minor), which agree

very closely in appearance and habits.

2. Fig.: A simpleton. [Obs.]

If I loved you not, I would laugh at you, and see you Run your neck

into the noose, and cry, “A woodcock!” Beau. & Fl.

Little woodcock. (a) The common American snipe. (b) The European


 — Sea woodcock fish, the bellows fish.

 — Woodcock owl, the short-eared owl (Asio brachyotus).

 — Woodcock shell, the shell of certain mollusks of the genus Murex,

having a very long canal, with or without spines.

 — Woodcock snipe. See under Snipe.


Wood”crack`er, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The nuthatch. [Prov. Eng.]


Wood”craft`, n.

Defn: Skill and practice in anything pertaining to the woods,

especially in shooting, and other sports in the woods.

Men of the glade and forest! leave Your woodcraft for the field of

fight. Bryant.


Wood”cut`, n.

Defn: An engraving on wood; also, a print from it. Same as Wood cut,

under Wood.


Wood”cut`ter, n.

1. A person who cuts wood.

2. An engraver on wood. [R.]


Wood”cut`ting, n.

1. The act or employment of cutting wood or timber.

2. The act or art of engraving on wood. [R.]


Wood”ed, a.

Defn: Supplied or covered with wood, or trees; as, land wooded and


The brook escaped from the eye down a deep and wooded dell. Sir W.



Wood”en, a.

1. Made or consisting of wood; pertaining to, or resembling, wood;

as, a wooden box; a wooden leg; a wooden wedding.

2. Clumsy; awkward; ungainly; stiff; spiritless.

When a bold man is out of countenance, he makes a very wooden figure

on it. Collier.

His singing was, I confess, a little wooden. G. MacDonald.

Wooden spoon. (a) (Cambridge University, Eng.) The last junior optime

who takes a university degree, — denoting one who is only fit to

stay at home and stir porridge. “We submit that a wooden spoon of our

day would not be justified in calling Galileo and Napier blockheads

because they never heard of the differential calculus.” Macaulay. (b)

In some American colleges, the lowest appointee of the junior year;

sometimes, one especially popular in his class, without reference to

scholarship. Formerly, it was a custom for classmates to present to

this person a wooden spoon with formal ceremonies.

 — Wooden ware, a general name for buckets, bowls, and other

articles of domestic use, made of wood.

 — Wooden wedding. See under Wedding.


Wood”en*ly, adv.

Defn: Clumsily; stupidly; blockishly. R. North.


Wood”en*ness, n.

Defn: Quality of being wooden; clumsiness; stupidity; blockishness.

We set our faces against the woodenness which then characterized

German philology. Sweet.


Wood gum. (Chem.)

Defn: Xylan.


Wood”hack`, Wood”hack`er, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle. [Prov. Eng.]


Wood”hew`er, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A woodpecker.


Wood”hole`, n.

Defn: A place where wood is stored.


Wood”house`, n.

Defn: A house or shed in which wood is stored, and sheltered from the



Wood hyacinth.

Defn: A European squill (Scilla nonscripta) having a scape bearing a

raceme of drooping blue, purple, white, or sometimes pink, bell-

shaped flowers.


Wood”i*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being woody. Evelyn.


Wood”knack`er, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle.


Wood”land, n.

Defn: Land covered with wood or trees; forest; land on which trees

are suffered to grow, either for fuel or timber.

Here hills and vales, the woodland and the plain, Here earth and

water seem to strive again. Pope.

Woodlands and cultivated fields are harmoniously blended. Bancroft.


Wood”land, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to woods or woodland; living in the forest;


She had a rustic, woodland air. Wordsworth.

Like summer breeze by woodland stream. Keble.

Woodland caribou. (Zoöl.) See under Caribou.


Wood”land*er, n.

Defn: A dweller in a woodland.


Wood”-lay`er, n. (Bot.)

Defn: A young oak, or other timber plant, laid down in a hedge among

the whitethorn or other plants used in hedges.


Wood”less, a.

Defn: Having no wood; destitute of wood. Mitford.

 — Wood”less*ness, n.


Wood”ly, adv.

Defn: In a wood, mad, or raving manner; madly; furiously. [Obs.]



Wood”man, n.; pl. Woodmen (. [Written also woodsman.]

1. A forest officer appointed to take care of the king’s woods; a

forester. [Eng.]

2. A sportsman; a hunter.

[The duke] is a better woodman than thou takest him for. Shak.

3. One who cuts down trees; a woodcutter.

Woodman, spare that tree. G. P. Morris.

4. One who dwells in the woods or forest; a bushman.


Wood”meil, n.

Defn: See Wadmol.


Wood”mon`ger, n.

Defn: A wood seller. [Obs.]


Wood”ness, n. Etym: [From Wood mad.]

Defn: Anger; madness; insanity; rage. [Obs.] Spenser.

Woodness laughing in his rage. Chaucer.


Wood”-note`, n. Etym: [Wood, n. + note.]

Defn: A wild or natural note, as of a forest bird. [R.]

Or sweetest Shakespeare, fancy’s child, Warble his native wood-notes

wild. Milton.


Wood partridge.

 (a) Any of several small partridges of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and

neighboring regions belonging to the genera Caloperdix, Rollulus, and


 (b) The Canada grouse. [Local, U. S.]


Wood”peck`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A woodpecker. [Obs.]


Wood”peck`er, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of numerous species of scansorial birds belonging to

Picus and many allied genera of the family Picidæ.

Note: These birds have the tail feathers pointed and rigid at the tip

to aid in climbing, and a strong chisellike bill with which they are

able to drill holes in the bark and wood of trees in search of insect

larvæ upon which most of the species feed. A few species feed partly

upon the sap of trees (see Sap sucker, under Sap), others spend a

portion of their time on the ground in search of ants and other

insects. The most common European species are the greater spotted

woodpecker (Dendrocopus major), the lesser spotted woodpecker (D.

minor), and the green woodpecker, or yaffle (see Yaffle). The best-

known American species are the pileated woodpecker (see under

Pileated), the ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis),

which is one of the largest known species, the red-headed woodpecker,

or red-head (Melanerpes erythrocephalus), the red-bellied woodpecker

(M. Carolinus) (see Chab), the superciliary woodpecker (M.

superciliaris), the hairy woodpecker (Dryobates villosus), the downy

woodpecker (D. pubescens), the three-toed, woodpecker (Picoides

Americanus), the golden-winged woodpecker (see Flicker), and the sap

suckers. See also Carpintero. Woodpecker hornbill (Zoöl.), a black

and white Asiatic hornbill (Buceros pica) which resembles a

woodpecker in color.


Wood”rock`, n. (Min.)

Defn: A compact woodlike variety of asbestus.


Wood”ruff`, Wood”roof`, n. Etym: [AS. wudurofe. See Wood, n., and cf.

Ruff a plaited collar.] (Bot.)

Defn: A little European herb (Asperula odorata) having a pleasant

taste. It is sometimes used for flavoring wine. See Illust. of Whorl.


Wood”-sare`, n. Etym: [Wood + Prov. E. sare for sore.] (Bot.)

Defn: A kind of froth seen on herbs. [Obs.]


Wood”-sere`, n.

Defn: The time when there no sap in the trees; the winter season.

[Written also wood-seer.] [Obs.] Tusser.


Woods”man, n.; pl. Woodsmen (.

Defn: A woodman; especially, one who lives in the forest.


Wood’s” met”al.

Defn: A fusible alloy consisting of one or two parts of cadmium, two

parts of tin, four of lead, with seven or eight part of bismuth. It

melts at from 66º to 71º C. See Fusible metal, under Fusible.


Wood”stone`, n. (Min.)

Defn: A striped variety of hornstone, resembling wood in appearance.


Woods”y, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to the woods or forest. [Colloq. U. S.]

It [sugar making] is woodsy, and savors of trees. J. Burroughs.


Wood” tick`. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Any one of several species of ticks of the genus Ixodes whose

young cling to bushes, but quickly fasten themselves upon the bodies

of any animal with which they come in contact. When they attach

themselves to the human body they often produce troublesome sores.

The common species of the Northern United States is Ixodes



Wood”wall`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The yaffle. [Written also woodwale, and woodwele.]


Wood”ward`, n. (Eng. Forest Law)

Defn: An officer of the forest, whose duty it was to guard the woods.


Wood*war”di*a, n. Etym: [NL. After Thomas J. Woodward, an English

botanist.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of ferns, one species of which (Woodwardia radicans) is

a showy plant in California, the Azores, etc.


Wood”-wash`, Wood”-wax`, Wood”-wax`en, n. Etym: [AS. wuduweaxe.]


Defn: Same as Woadwaxen.


Wood”work`, n.

Defn: Work made of wood; that part of any structure which is wrought

of wood.


Wood”worm`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Wood worm, under Wood.


Wood”y, a.

1. Abounding with wood or woods; as, woody land. “The woody

wilderness.” Bryant.

Secret shades Of woody Ida’s inmost grove. Milton.

2. Consisting of, or containing, wood or woody fiber; ligneous; as,

the woody parts of plants.

3. Of or pertaining to woods; sylvan. [R.] “Woody nymphs, fair

Hamadryades.” Spenser. Woody fiber. (Bot.) (a) Fiber or tissue

consisting of slender, membranous tubes tapering at each end. (b) A

single wood cell. See under Wood. Goodale.

 — Woody nightshade. (Bot.). See Bittersweet, 3 (a).

 — Woody pear (Bot.), the inedible, woody, pear-shaped fruit of

several Australian proteaceous trees of the genus Xylomelum; —

called also wooden pear.


Woo”er, n. Etym: [AS. wogere. See Woo, v. t.]

Defn: One who wooes; one who courts or solicits in love; a suitor. “A

thriving wooer.” Gibber.


Woof, n. Etym: [OE. oof, AS. , , aweb; on, an, on + wef, web, fr.

wefan to weave. The initial w is due to the influence of E. weave.

See On, Weave, and cf. Abb.]

1. The threads that cross the warp in a woven fabric; the weft; the

filling; the thread usually carried by the shuttle in weaving.

2. Texture; cloth; as, a pall of softest woof. Pope.


Woo”fell, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European blackbird. “The woofell near at hand that hath a

golden bill.” Drayton.


Woof”y, a.

Defn: Having a close texture; dense; as, a woofy cloud. J. Baillie.


Woo`hoo”, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The sailfish.


Woo”ing*ly, adv.

Defn: In a wooing manner; enticingly; with persuasiveness. Shak.


Wook”, obs. imp. of Wake.

Defn: Woke. Chaucer.


Wool, n. Etym: [OE. wolle, wulle, AS. wull; akin to D. wol, OHG.

wolla, G. wolle, Icel. & Sw. ull, Dan. uld, Goth, wulla, Lith. vilna,

Russ. volna, L. vellus, Skr. wool, Flannel, Velvet.]

1. The soft and curled, or crisped, species of hair which grows on

sheep and some other animals, and which in fineness sometimes

approaches to fur; — chiefly applied to the fleecy coat of the

sheep, which constitutes a most essential material of clothing in all

cold and temperate climates.

Note: Wool consists essentially of keratin.

2. Short, thick hair, especially when crisped or curled.

Wool of bat and tongue of dog. Shak.

3. (Bot.)

Defn: A sort of pubescence, or a clothing of dense, curling hairs on

the surface of certain plants. Dead pulled wool, wool pulled from a


 — Mineral wool. See under Mineral.

 — Philosopher’s wool. (Chem.) See Zinc oxide, under Zinc.

 — Pulled wool, wool pulled from a pelt, or undressed hide.

 — Slag wool. Same as Mineral wool, under Mineral.

 — Wool ball, a ball or mass of wool.

 — Wool burler, one who removes little burs, knots, or extraneous

matter, from wool, or the surface of woolen cloth.

 — Wool comber. (a) One whose occupation is to comb wool. (b) A

machine for combing wool.

 — Wool grass (Bot.), a kind of bulrush (Scirpus Eriophorum) with

numerous clustered woolly spikes.

 — Wool scribbler. See Woolen scribbler, under Woolen, a.

 — Wool sorter’s disease (Med.), a disease, resembling malignant

pustule, occurring among those who handle the wool of goats and


 — Wool staple, a city or town where wool used to be brought to the

king’s staple for sale. [Eng.] — Wool stapler. (a) One who deals in

wool. (b) One who sorts wool according to its staple, or its

adaptation to different manufacturing purposes.

 — Wool winder, a person employed to wind, or make up, wool into

bundles to be packed for sale.


Woold, v. t.

[imp. & p. p. Woolded; p. pr. & vb. n. Woolding.]


[D. woelen, bewoelen; akin to G. wuhlen, bewuhlen. *146.] (Naut.)

Defn: To wind, or wrap; especially, to wind a rope round, as a mast

or yard made of two or more pieces, at the place where it has been

fished or scarfed, in order to strengthen it.


Woold”er, n.

1. (Naut.)

Defn: A stick used to tighten the rope in woolding.

2. (Rope Making)

Defn: One of the handles of the top, formed by a wooden pin passing

through it. See 1st Top, 2.


Woold”ing, n. (Naut.)

(a) The act of winding or wrapping anything with a rope, as a mast.

(b) A rope used for binding masts and spars.


Wool”-dyed`, a.

Defn: Dyed before being made into cloth, in distinction from piece-

dyed; ingrain.


Wooled, a.

Defn: Having (such) wool; as, a fine-wooled sheep.


Wool”en, a. Etym: [OE. wollen; cf. AS. wyllen. See Wool.] [Written

also woollen.]

1. Made of wool; consisting of wool; as, woolen goods.

2. Of or pertaining to wool or woolen cloths; as, woolen

manufactures; a woolen mill; a woolen draper. Woolen scribbler, a

machine for combing or preparing wool in thin, downy, translucent



Wool”en, n. Etym: [Written also woollen.]

Defn: Cloth made of wool; woollen goods.


Wool`en*et”, n.

Defn: A thin, light fabric of wool. [Written also woollenet,

woolenette, and woollenette.]


Woo”lert, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The barn owl. [Prov. Eng.] [Written also oolert, and owlerd.]


Wool”fell`, n. Etym: [Wool + fell a skin.]

Defn: A skin with the wool; a skin from which the wool has not been

sheared or pulled. [Written also woolfel.]


Wool”gath`er*ing, a.

Defn: Indulging in a vagrant or idle exercise of the imagination;

roaming upon a fruitless quest; idly fanciful.


Wool”gath`er*ing, n.

Defn: Indulgence in idle imagination; a foolish or useless pursuit or


His wits were a woolgathering, as they say. Burton.


Wool”grow`er, n.

Defn: One who raises sheep for the production of wool.

 — Wool”grow`ing, n.


Wool”-hall`, n.

Defn: A trade market in the woolen districts. [Eng.]


Wool”head`, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The buffel duck.


Wool”li*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being woolly.


Wool”ly, a.

1. Consisting of wool; as, a woolly covering; a woolly fleece.

2. Resembling wool; of the nature of wool. “My fleece of woolly

hair.” Shak.

3. Clothed with wool. “Woolly breeders.” Shak.

4. (Bot.)

Defn: Clothed with a fine, curly pubescence resembling wool. Woolly

bear (Zoöl.), the hairy larva of several species of bombycid moths.

The most common species in the United States are the salt-marsh

caterpillar (see under Salt), the black and red woolly bear, or larva

of the Isabella moth (see Illust., under Isabella Moth), and the

yellow woolly bear, or larva of the American ermine moth (Spilosoma


 — Woolly butt (Bot.), an Australian tree (Eucalyptus longifolia),

so named because of its fibrous bark.

 — Woolly louse (Zoöl.), a plant louse (Schizoneura, or Erisoma,

lanigera) which is often very injurious to the apple tree. It is

covered with a dense coat of white filaments somewhat resembling fine

wool or cotton. In exists in two forms, one of which infests the

roots, the other the branches. See Illust. under Blight.

 — Woolly macaco (Zoöl.), the mongoose lemur.

 — Woolly maki (Zoöl.), a long-tailed lemur (Indris laniger) native

of Madagascar, having fur somewhat like wool; — called also avahi,

and woolly lemur.

 — Woolly monkey (Zoöl.), any South American monkey of the genus

Lagothrix, as the caparro.

 — Woolly rhinoceros (Paleon.), an extinct rhinoceros (Rhinoceros

tichorhinus) which inhabited the arctic regions, and was covered with

a dense coat of woolly hair. It has been found frozen in the ice of

Siberia, with the flesh and hair well preserved.


Wool”ly-head`, n.

Defn: A negro. [Low]


Wool”man, n.; pl. Woolmen (.

Defn: One who deals in wool.


Wool”pack`, n.

Defn: A pack or bag of wool weighing two hundred and forty pounds.


Wool”sack`, n.

Defn: A sack or bag of wool; specifically, the seat of the lord

chancellor of England in the House of Lords, being a large, square

sack of wool resembling a divan in form.


Wool”sey, n. Etym: [From Wool.]

Defn: Linsey-woolsey.


Wool”stock`, n.

Defn: A heavy wooden hammer for milling cloth.


Wool”ward, adv. Etym: [Wool + -ward.]

Defn: In wool; with woolen raiment next the skin. [Obs.]


Wool”ward-go`ing, n.

Defn: A wearing of woolen clothes next the skin as a matter of

penance. [Obs.]

Their . . . woolward-going, and rising at midnight. Tyndale.


Woon, n.

Defn: Dwelling. See Wone. [Obs.]


Woo”ra*li, n.

Defn: Same as Curare.


Woos”y, a.

Defn: Oozy; wet. [Obs.] Drayton.


Wootz (woots), n. Etym: [Perhaps a corruption of Canarese ukku


Defn: A species of steel imported from the East Indies, valued for

making edge tools; Indian steel. It has in combination a minute

portion of alumina and silica.


Woo”yen, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Yuen.


Wo”pen, obs. p. p. of Weep.

Defn: Wept. Chaucer.


Wor”ble, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: See Wormil.


Word, n. Etym: [AS. word; akin to OFries. & OS. word, D. woord, G.

wort, Icel. oredh, Sw. & Dan. ord, Goth. waúrd, OPruss. wirds, Lith.

vardas a name, L. verbum a word; or perhaps to Gr. “rh`twr an orator.

Cf. Verb.]

1. The spoken sign of a conception or an idea; an articulate or vocal

sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by

the human voice, and by custom expressing an idea or ideas; a single

component part of human speech or language; a constituent part of a

sentence; a term; a vocable. “A glutton of words.” Piers Plowman.

You cram these words into mine ears, against The stomach of my sense.


Amongst men who confound their ideas with words, there must be

endless disputes. Locke.

2. Hence, the written or printed character, or combination of

characters, expressing such a term; as, the words on a page.

3. pl.

Defn: Talk; discourse; speech; language.

Why should calamity be full of words Shak.

Be thy words severe; Sharp as he merits, but the sword forbear.


4. Account; tidings; message; communication; information; — used

only in the singular.

I pray you . . . bring me word thither How the world goes. Shak.

5. Signal; order; command; direction.

Give the word through. Shak.

6. Language considered as implying the faith or authority of the

person who utters it; statement; affirmation; declaration; promise.

Obey thy parents; keep thy word justly. Shak.

I know you brave, and take you at your word. Dryden.

I desire not the reader should take my word. Dryden.

7. pl.

Defn: Verbal contention; dispute.

Some words there grew ‘twixt Somerset and me. Shak.

8. A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase, clause, or

short sentence.

All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love

thy neighbor as thyself. Gal. v. 14.

She said; but at the happy word “he lives,” My father stooped, re-

fathered, o’er my wound. Tennyson.

There is only one other point on which I offer a word of remark.


By word of mouth, orally; by actual speaking. Boyle.

 — Compound word. See under Compound, a.

 — Good word, commendation; favorable account. “And gave the

harmless fellow a good word.” Pope.

 — In a word, briefly; to sum up.

 — In word, in declaration; in profession. “Let us not love in word,

. . . but in deed and in truth.” 1 John iii. 8.

 — Nuns of the Word Incarnate (R. C. Ch.), an order of nuns founded

in France in 1625, and approved in 1638. The order, which also exists

in the United States, was instituted for the purpose of doing honor

to the “Mystery of the Incarnation of the Son of God.” — The word,

or The Word. (Theol.) (a) The gospel message; esp., the Scriptures,

as a revelation of God. “Bold to speak the word without fear.” Phil.

i. 14. (b) The second person in the Trinity before his manifestation

in time by the incarnation; among those who reject a Trinity of

persons, some one or all of the divine attributes personified. John

i. 1.

 — To eat one’s words, to retract what has been said.

 — To have the words for, to speak for; to act as spokesman. [Obs.]

“Our host hadde the wordes for us all.” Chaucer.

 — Word blindness (Physiol.), inability to understand printed or

written words or symbols, although the person affected may be able to

see quite well, speak fluently, and write correctly. Landois &


 — Word deafness (Physiol.), inability to understand spoken words,

though the person affected may hear them and other sounds, and hence

is not deaf.

 — Word dumbness (Physiol.), inability to express ideas in verbal

language, though the power of speech is unimpaired.

 — Word for word, in the exact words; verbatim; literally; exactly;

as, to repeat anything word for word.

 — Word painting, the act of describing an object fully and vividly

by words only, so as to present it clearly to the mind, as if in a


 — Word picture, an accurate and vivid description, which presents

an object clearly to the mind, as if in a picture.

 — Word square, a series of words so arranged that they can be read

vertically and horizontally with like results.


 — See Term.

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