English dictionary words starting with A from page 1 to 50

A

A (named a in the English, and most commonly ä in other languages).

Defn: The first letter of the English and of many other alphabets.

The capital A of the alphabets of Middle and Western Europe, as also

the small letter (a), besides the forms in Italic, black letter,

etc., are all descended from the old Latin A, which was borrowed from

the Greek Alpha, of the same form; and this was made from the first

letter (Aleph, and itself from the Egyptian origin. The Aleph was a

consonant letter, with a guttural breath sound that was not an

element of Greek articulation; and the Greeks took it to represent

their vowel Alpha with the ä sound, the Phoenician alphabet having no

vowel symbols. This letter, in English, is used for several different

vowel sounds. See Guide to pronunciation, §§ 43-74. The regular long

a, as in fate, etc., is a comparatively modern sound, and has taken

the place of what, till about the early part of the 17th century, was

a sound of the quality of ä (as in far).

2. (Mus.)

Defn: The name of the sixth tone in the model major scale (that in

C), or the first tone of the minor scale, which is named after it the

scale in A minor. The second string of the violin is tuned to the A

in the treble staff.

 — A sharp (A#) is the name of a musical tone intermediate between A

and B.

 — A flat (A) is the name of a tone intermediate between A and G.

A per se Etym: (L. per se by itself), one preëminent; a nonesuch.

[Obs.]

O fair Creseide, the flower and A per se Of Troy and Greece. Chaucer.

A

A (# emph. #).

1. Etym: [Shortened form of an. AS. an one. See One.]

Defn: An adjective, commonly called the indefinite article, and

signifying one or any, but less emphatically.

Defn: “At a birth”; “In a word”; “At a blow”. Shak.

Note: It is placed before nouns of the singular number denoting an

individual object, or a quality individualized, before collective

nouns, and also before plural nouns when the adjective few or the

phrase great many or good many is interposed; as, a dog, a house, a

man; a color; a sweetness; a hundred, a fleet, a regiment; a few

persons, a great many days. It is used for an, for the sake of

euphony, before words beginning with a consonant sound [for exception

of certain words beginning with h, see An]; as, a table, a woman, a

year, a unit, a eulogy, a ewe, a oneness, such a one, etc. Formally

an was used both before vowels and consonants.

2. Etym: [Originally the preposition a (an, on).]

Defn: In each; to or for each; as, “twenty leagues a day”, “a hundred

pounds a year”, “a dollar a yard”, etc.

A

A, prep. Etym: [Abbreviated form of an (AS. on). See On.]

1. In; on; at; by. [Obs.] “A God’s name.” “Torn a pieces.” “Stand a

tiptoe.” “A Sundays” Shak. “Wit that men have now a days.” Chaucer.

“Set them a work.” Robynson (More’s Utopia)

2. In process of; in the act of; into; to; — used with verbal

substantives in -ing which begin with a consonant. This is a

shortened form of the preposition an (which was used before the vowel

sound); as in a hunting, a building, a begging. “Jacob, when he was a

dying” Heb. xi. 21. “We’ll a birding together.” ” It was a doing.”

Shak. “He burst out a laughing.” Macaulay. The hyphen may be used to

connect a with the verbal substantive (as, a-hunting, a-building) or

the words may be written separately. This form of expression is now

for the most part obsolete, the a being omitted and the verbal

substantive treated as a participle.

A

A. Etym: [From AS. of off, from. See Of.]

Defn: Of. [Obs.] “The name of John a Gaunt.” “What time a day is it “

Shak. “It’s six a clock.” B. Jonson.

A

A.

Defn: A barbarous corruption of have, of he, and sometimes of it and

of they. “So would I a done” “A brushes his hat.” Shak.

A

A.

Defn: An expletive, void of sense, to fill up the meter

A merry heart goes all the day, Your sad tires in a mile-a. Shak.

A-

A-

Defn: A, as a prefix to English words, is derived from various

sources. (1) It frequently signifies on or in (from an, a forms of

AS. on), denoting a state, as in afoot, on foot, abed, amiss, asleep,

aground, aloft, away (AS. onweg), and analogically, ablaze, atremble,

etc. (2) AS. of off, from, as in adown (AS. ofdüne off the dun or

hill). (3) AS. a- (Goth. us-, ur-, Ger. er-), usually giving an

intensive force, and sometimes the sense of away, on, back, as in

arise, abide, ago. (4) Old English y- or i- (corrupted from the AS.

inseparable particle ge-, cognate with OHG. ga-, gi-, Goth. ga-),

which, as a prefix, made no essential addition to the meaning, as in

aware. (5) French à (L. ad to), as in abase, achieve. (6) L. a, ab,

abs, from, as in avert. (7) Greek insep. prefix a without, or

privative, not, as in abyss, atheist; akin to E. un-.

Note: Besides these, there are other sources from which the prefix a

takes its origin.

A 1

A 1. A registry mark given by underwriters (as at Lloyd’s) to ships

in first-class condition. Inferior grades are indicated by A 2 and A

3.

Note: A 1 is also applied colloquially to other things to imply

superiority; prime; first-class; first-rate.

AAM

Aam, n. Etym: [D. aam, fr. LL. ama; cf. L. hama a water bucket, Gr.

Defn: A Dutch and German measure of liquids, varying in different

cities, being at Amsterdam about 41 wine gallons, at Antwerp 36½, at

Hamburg 38¼. [Written also Aum and Awm.]

AARD-VARK

Aard”-vark`, n. Etym: [D., earth-pig.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: An edentate mammal, of the genus Orycteropus, somewhat

resembling a pig, common in some parts of Southern Africa. It burrows

in the ground, and feeds entirely on ants, which it catches with its

long, slimy tongue.

AARD-WOLF

Aard”-wolf`, n. Etym: [D, earth-wolf] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A carnivorous quadruped (Proteles Lalandii), of South Africa,

resembling the fox and hyena. See Proteles.

AARONIC; AARONICAL

Aa*ron”ic, Aa*ron”ic*al, a.

Defn: Pertaining to Aaron, the first high priest of the Jews.

AARON’S ROD

Aar”on’s rod`. Etym: [See Exodus vii. 9 and Numbers xvii. 8]

1. (Arch.)

Defn: A rod with one serpent twined around it, thus differing from

the caduceus of Mercury, which has two.

2. (Bot.)

Defn: A plant with a tall flowering stem; esp. the great mullein, or

hag-taper, and the golden-rod.

AB-

Ab-. Etym: [Latin prep., etymologically the same as E. of, off. See

Of.]

Defn: A prefix in many words of Latin origin. It signifies from, away

, separating, or departure, as in abduct, abstract, abscond. See A-

(6).

AB

Ab, n. Etym: [Of Syriac origin.]

Defn: The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the

ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation,

coinciding nearly with August. W. Smith.

ABACA

Ab”a*ca, n. Etym: [The native name.]

Defn: The Manila-hemp plant (Musa textilis); also, its fiber. See

Manila hemp under Manila.

ABACINATE

A*bac”i*nate, v.t. Etym: [LL. abacinatus, p.p. of abacinare; ab off +

bacinus a basin.]

Defn: To blind by a red-hot metal plate held before the eyes. [R.]

ABACINATION

A*bac`i*na”tion, n.

Defn: The act of abacinating. [R.]

ABACISCUS

Ab`a*cis”cus, n. Etym: [Gr.Abacus.] (Arch.)

Defn: One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated pavement; an

abaculus.

ABACIST

Ab”a*cist, n. Etym: [LL abacista, fr. abacus.]

Defn: One who uses an abacus in casting accounts; a calculator.

ABACK

A*back”, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + back; AS. on bæc at, on, or toward

the back. See Back.]

1. Toward the back or rear; backward. “Therewith aback she started.”

Chaucer.

2. Behind; in the rear. Knolles.

3. (Naut.)

Defn: Backward against the mast;-said of the sails when pressed by

the wind. Totten. To be taken aback. (a) To be driven backward

against the mast; — said of the sails, also of the ship when the

sails are thus driven. (b) To be suddenly checked, baffled, or

discomfited. Dickens.

ABACK

Ab”ack, n.

Defn: An abacus. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

ABACTINAL

Ab*ac”ti*nal, a. Etym: [L. ab + E. actinal.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a

radiate animal; — opposed to actinal. “The aboral or abactinal

area.” L. Agassiz.

ABACTION

Ab*ac”tion, n.

Defn: Stealing cattle on a large scale. [Obs.]

ABACTOR

Ab*ac”tor, n. Etym: [L., fr. abigere to drive away; ab+agere to

drive.] (Law)

Defn: One who steals and drives away cattle or beasts by herds or

droves. [Obs.]

ABACULUS

A*bac”u*lus, n.; pl. Abaculi. Etym: [L., dim. of abacus.] (Arch.)

Defn: A small tile of glass, marble, or other substance, of various

colors, used in making ornamental patterns in mosaic pavements.

Fairholt.

ABACUS

Ab”a*cus, n. E. pl. Abacuses ; L. pl. Abaci. Etym: [L. abacus, abax,

Gr.

1. A table or tray strewn with sand, anciently used for drawing,

calculating, etc. [Obs.]

2. A calculating table or frame; an instrument for performing

arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on wires, or counters in

grooves, the lowest line representing units, the second line, tens,

etc. It is still employed in China.

3. (Arch.)

(a) The uppermost member or division of the capital of a column,

immediately under the architrave. See Column.

(b) A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.

4. A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for

holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or

sideboard. Abacus harmonicus (Mus.), an ancient diagram showing the

structure and disposition of the keys of an instrument. Crabb.

ABADA

Ab”a*da, n. Etym: [Pg., the female rhinoceros.]

Defn: The rhinoceros. [Obs.] Purchas.

ABADDON

A*bad”don, n. Etym: [Heb. abaddon destruction, abyss, fr. abad to be

lost, to perish.]

1. The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; — the same as

Apollyon and Asmodeus.

2. Hell; the bottomless pit. [Poetic]

In all her gates, Abaddon rues Thy bold attempt. Milton.

ABAFT

A*baft”, prep. Etym: [Pref. a-on + OE. baft, baften, biaften, AS.

beæftan; be by + æftan behind. See After, Aft, By.] (Naut.)

Defn: Behind; toward the stern from; as, abaft the wheelhouse. Abaft

the beam. See under Beam.

ABAFT

A*baft”, adv. (Naut.)

Defn: Toward the stern; aft; as, to go abaft.

ABAISANCE

A*bai”sance, n. Etym: [For obeisance; confused with F. abaisser, E.

abase]

Defn: Obeisance. [Obs.] Jonson.

ABAISER

A*bai”ser, n.

Defn: Ivory black or animal charcoal. Weale.

ABAIST

A*baist”, p.p.

Defn: Abashed; confounded; discomfited. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABALIENATE

Ab*al”ien*ate, v.t. Etym: [L. abalienatus, p.p. of abalienare; ab +

alienus foreign, alien. See Alien.]

1. (Civil Law)

Defn: To transfer the title of from one to another; to alienate.

2. To estrange; to withdraw. [Obs.]

3. To cause alienation of (mind). Sandys.

ABALIENATION

Ab*al`ien*a”tion, n. Etym: [L. abalienatio: cf. F. abalianation.]

Defn: The act of abalienating; alienation; estrangement. [Obs.]

ABALONE

Ab`a*lo”ne, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A univalve mollusk of the genus Haliotis. The shell is lined

with mother-of-pearl, and used for ornamental purposes; the sea-ear.

Several large species are found on the coast of California, clinging

closely to the rocks.

ABAND

A*band”, v.t. Etym: [Contracted from abandon.]

1. To abandon. [Obs.]

Enforced the kingdom to aband. Spenser.

2. To banish; to expel. [Obs.] Mir. for Mag.

ABANDON

A*ban”don, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abandoned; p.pr. & vb.n. Abandoning.]

Etym: [OF. abandoner, F.abandonner; a (L. ad)+bandon permission,

authority, LL. bandum, bannum, public proclamation, interdiction,

bannire to proclaim, summon: of Germanic origin; cf. Goth. bandwjan

to show by signs, to designate OHG. banproclamation. The word meant

to proclaim, put under a ban, put under control; hence, as in OE., to

compel, subject, or to leave in the control of another, and hence, to

give up. See Ban.]

1. To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject. [Obs.]

That he might . . . abandon them from him. Udall.

Being all this time abandoned from your bed. Shak.

2. To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely ; to renounce utterly;

to relinquish all connection with or concern on; to desert, as a

person to whom one owes allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to

surrender.

Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. I. Taylor.

3. Reflexively : To give (one’s self) up without attempt at self-

control ; to yield (one’s self) unrestrainedly ; — often in a bad

sense.

He abandoned himself . . . to his favorite vice. Macaulay.

4. (Mar. Law)

Defn: To relinquish all claim to; — used when an insured person

gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a

policy, which may remain after loss or damage by a peril insured

against.

Syn.

 — To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender; resign; abdicate;

quit; relinquish; renounce; desert; forsake; leave; retire; withdraw

from.

 — To Abandon, Desert, Forsake. These words agree in representing a

person as giving up or leaving some object, but differ as to the mode

of doing it. The distinctive sense of abandon is that of giving up a

thing absolutely and finally; as, to abandon one’s friends, places,

opinions, good or evil habits, a hopeless enterprise, a shipwrecked

vessel. Abandon is more widely applicable than forsake or desert. The

Latin original of desert appears to have been originally applied to

the case of deserters from military service. Hence, the verb, when

used of persons in the active voice, has usually or always a bad

sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor, etc., the leaving of

something which the person should rightfully stand by and support;

as, to desert one’s colors, to desert one’s post, to desert one’s

principles or duty. When used in the passive, the sense is not

necessarily bad; as, the fields were deserted, a deserted village,

deserted halls. Forsake implies the breaking off of previous habit,

association, personal connection, or that the thing left had been

familiar or frequented; as, to forsake old friends, to forsake the

paths of rectitude, the blood forsook his cheeks. It may be used

either in a good or in a bad sense.

ABANDON

A*ban”don, n. Etym: [F. abandon. fr. abandonner. See Abandon, v.]

Defn: Abandonment; relinquishment. [Obs.]

ABANDON

A`ban`don”, n. Etym: [F. See Abandon.]

Defn: A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from

artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.

ABANDONED

A*ban”doned, a.

1. Forsaken, deserted. “Your abandoned streams.” Thomson.

2. Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning

without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.

Syn.

 — Profligate; dissolute; corrupt; vicious; depraved; reprobate;

wicked; unprincipled; graceless; vile.

 — Abandoned, Profligate, Reprobate. These adjectives agree in

expressing the idea of great personal depravity. Profligate has

reference to open and shameless immoralities, either in private life

or political conduct; as, a profligate court, a profligate ministry.

Abandoned is stronger, and has reference to the searing of conscience

and hardening of heart produced by a man’s giving himself wholly up

to iniquity; as, a man of abandoned character. Reprobate describes

the condition of one who has become insensible to reproof, and who is

morally abandoned and lost beyond hope of recovery.

God gave them over to a reprobate mind. Rom. i. 28.

ABANDONEDLY

A*ban”doned*ly, adv.

Defn: Unrestrainedly.

ABANDONEE

A*ban`don*ee”, n. (Law)

Defn: One to whom anything is legally abandoned.

ABANDONER

A*ban”don*er, n.

Defn: One who abandons. Beau. & Fl.

ABANDONMENT

A*ban”don*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. abandonnement.]

1. The act of abandoning, or the state of being abandoned; total

desertion; relinquishment.

The abandonment of the independence of Europe. Burke.

2. (Mar. Law)

Defn: The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of what

may remain of the property insured after a loss or damage by a peril

insured against.

3. (Com. Law)

Defn: (a) The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege, as to

mill site, etc. (b) The voluntary leaving of a person to whom one is

bound by a special relation, as a wife, husband, or child; desertion.

4. Careless freedom or ease; abandon. [R.] Carlyle.

ABANDUM

A*ban”*dum, n. Etym: [LL. See Abandon.] (Law)

Defn: Anything forfeited or confiscated.

ABANET

Ab”a*net, n.

Defn: See Abnet.

ABANGA

A*ban”ga, n. Etym: [Name given by the negroes in the island of St.

Thomas.]

Defn: A West Indian palm; also the fruit of this palm, the seeds of

which are used as a remedy for diseases of the chest.

ABANNATION; ABANNITION

Ab`an*na”tion, Ab`an*nition, n. Etym: [LL. abannatio; ad + LL.

bannire to banish.] (Old Law)

Defn: Banishment. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABARTICULATION

Ab`ar*tic`u*la”tion, n. Etym: [L. ab + E. articulation : cf. F.

abarticulation. See Article.] (Anat.)

Defn: Articulation, usually that kind of articulation which admits of

free motion in the joint; diarthrosis. Coxe.

ABASE

A*base”, v.t. [imp.&p.p. Abased; p.pr. & vb. n. Abasing.] Etym: [F.

abaisser, LL. abassare, abbassare ; ad + bassare, fr. bassus low. See

Base, a.]

1. To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye.

[Archaic] Bacon.

Saying so, he abased his lance. Shelton.

2. To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition

in life, or estimation of worthiness; to depress; to humble; to

degrade.

Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased. Luke xiv. ll.

Syn.

 — To Abase, Debase, Degrade. These words agree in the idea of

bringing down from a higher to a lower state. Abase has reference to

a bringing down in condition or feelings; as to abase one’s self

before God. Debase has reference to the bringing down of a thing in

purity, or making it base. It is, therefore, always used in a bad

sense, as, to debase the coin of the kingdom, to debase the mind by

vicious indulgence, to debase one’s style by coarse or vulgar

expressions. Degrade has reference to a bringing down from some

higher grade or from some standard. Thus, a priest is degraded from

the clerical office. When used in a moral sense, it denotes a

bringing down in character and just estimation; as, degraded by

intemperance, a degrading employment, etc. “Art is degraded when it

is regarded only as a trade.”

ABASED

A*based”, a.

1. Lowered; humbled.

2. (Her.) Etym: [F. abaissé.]

Defn: Borne lower than usual, as a fess; also, having the ends of the

wings turned downward towards the point of the shield.

ABASEDLY

A*bas”ed*ly, adv.

Defn: Abjectly; downcastly.

ABASEMENT

A*base”ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. abaissement.]

Defn: The act of abasing, humbling, or bringing low; the state of

being abased or humbled; humiliation.

ABASER

A*bas”er, n.

Defn: He who, or that which, abases.

ABASH

A*bash”, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abashed; p.pr. & vb. n. Abashing.] Etym:

[OE. abaissen, abaisshen, abashen, OF.esbahir, F. ébahir, to

astonish, fr. L. ex + the interjection bah, expressing astonishment.

In OE. somewhat confused with abase. Cf. Finish.]

Defn: To destroy the self-possession of; to confuse or confound, as

by exciting suddenly a consciousness of guilt, mistake, or

inferiority; to put to shame; to disconcert; to discomfit.

Abashed, the devil stood, And felt how awful goodness is. Milton.

He was a man whom no check could abash. Macaulay.

Syn.

 — To confuse; confound; disconcert; shame.

 — To Abash, Confuse, Confound. Abash is a stronger word than

confuse, but not so strong as confound. We are abashed when struck

either with sudden shame or with a humbling sense of inferiority; as,

Peter was abashed in the presence of those who are greatly his

superiors. We are confused when, from some unexpected or startling

occurrence, we lose clearness of thought and self-possession. Thus, a

witness is often confused by a severe cross-examination; a timid

person is apt to be confused in entering a room full of strangers. We

are confounded when our minds are overwhelmed, as it were, by

something wholly unexpected, amazing, dreadful, etc., so that we have

nothing to say. Thus, a criminal is usually confounded at the

discovery of his guilt.

Satan stood Awhile as mute, confounded what to say. Milton.

ABASHEDLY

A*bash”ed*ly, adv.

Defn: In an abashed manner.

ABASHMENT

A*bash”ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ébahissement.]

Defn: The state of being abashed; confusion from shame.

ABASIA

A*ba”si*a, n. [NL.; Gr. – not +  a step.] (Med.)

Defn: Inability to coördinate muscular actions properly in walking. –

– A*ba”sic (#), a.

ABASSI; ABASSIS

A*bas”si, A*bas”sis, n. Etym: [Ar.& Per. abasi, belonging to Abas (a

king of Persia).]

Defn: A silver coin of Persia, worth about twenty cents.

ABATABLE

A*bat”a*ble, a.

Defn: Capable of being abated; as, an abatable writ or nuisance.

ABATE

A*bate”, v.t. [imp.& p.p. Abated, p.pr. & vb.n. Abating.] Etym: [OF.

abatre to beat down, F. abattre, LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere,

battere (popular form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. Bate, Batter.]

1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]

The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls. Edw. Hall.

2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or

degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; toto cut

short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.

His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. Deut. xxxiv. 7.

3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.

Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. Fuller.

4. To blunt. [Obs.]

To abate the edge of envy. Bacon.

5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]

She hath abated me of half my train. Shak.

6. (Law)

Defn: (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with;

as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish;

to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in

proportion, upon a deficiency of assets. To abate a tax, to remit it

either wholly or in part.

ABATE

A*bate”, v.i. Etym: [See Abate, v.t.]

1. To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain

abates, a storm abates.

The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated. Macaulay.

2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a

writ abates. To abate into a freehold, To abate in lands (Law), to

enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, and

before the heir takes possession. See Abatement, 4.

Syn.

 — To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish; lessen.

 — To Abate, Subside. These words, as here compared, imply a coming

down from some previously raised or exited state. Abate expresses

this in respect to degrees, and implies a diminution of force or of

intensity; as, the storm abates, the cold abates, the force of the

wind abates; or, the wind abates, a fever abates. Subside (to settle

down) has reference to a previous state of agitation or commotion;

as, the waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into a calm.

When the words are used figuratively, the same distinction should be

observed. If we conceive of a thing as having different degrees of

intensity or strength, the word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a

man’s anger abates, the ardor of one’s love abates, “Winter rage

abates”. But if the image be that of a sinking down into quiet from

preceding excitement or commotion, the word to be used is subside;

as, the tumult of the people subsides, the public mind subsided into

a calm. The same is the case with those emotions which are tumultuous

in their nature; as, his passion subsides, his joy quickly subsided,

his grief subsided into a pleasing melancholy. Yet if, in such cases,

we were thinking of the degree of violence of the emotion, we might

use abate; as, his joy will abate in the progress of time; and so in

other instances.

ABATE

A*bate, n.

Defn: Abatement. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

ABATEMENT

A*bate”ment, n. Etym: [OF. abatement, F. abattement.]

1. The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening,

diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to; as, the

abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.

2. The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction;

deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount allowed.

3. (Her.)

Defn: A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.

4. (Law)

Defn: The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after

the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.

Blackstone. Defense in abatement, Plea in abatement, (Law), plea to

the effect that from some formal defect (e.g. misnomer, want of

jurisdiction) the proceedings should be abated.

ABATER

A*bat”er, n.

Defn: One who, or that which, abates.

ABATIS; ABATTIS

Ab”a*tis, Aba”t*tis, n. Etym: [F. abatis, abattis, mass of things

beaten or cut down, fr. abattre. See Abate.] (Fort.)

Defn: A means of defense formed by felled trees, the ends of whose

branches are sharpened and directed outwards, or against the enemy.

ABATISED

Ab”a*tised, a.

Defn: Provided with an abatis.

ABATOR

A*ba”tor, n. (Law)

Defn: (a) One who abates a nuisance. (b) A person who, without right,

enters into a freehold on the death of the last possessor, before the

heir or devisee. Blackstone.

ABATTOIR

A`bat`toir”, n.; pl. Abattoirs. Etym: [F., fr. abattre to beat down.

See Abate.]

Defn: A public slaughterhouse for cattle, sheep, etc.

ABATURE

Ab”a*ture, n. Etym: [F. abatture, fr. abattre. See Abate.]

Defn: Grass and sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing

through them. Crabb.

ABATVOIX

A`bat`voix”, n. Etym: [F. abattre to beat down + voix voice.]

Defn: The sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.

ABAWED

Ab*awed”, p.p. Etym: [Perh. p.p. of a verb fr. OF. abaubir to

frighten, disconcert, fr. L. ad + balbus stammering.]

Defn: Astonished; abashed. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABAXIAL; ABAXILE

Ab*ax”i*al, Ab*ax”ile, a. Etym: [L. ab + axis axle.] (Bot.)

Defn: Away from the axis or central line; eccentric. Balfour.

ABAY

A*bay”, n. Etym: [OF. abay barking.]

Defn: Barking; baying of dogs upon their prey. See Bay. [Obs.]

ABB

Abb, n. Etym: [AS. aweb, ab; pref. a- + web. See Web.]

Defn: Among weaves, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for

the abb.

ABBA

Ab”ba, n. Etym: [Syriac abba father. See Abbot.]

Defn: Father; religious superior; — in the Syriac, Coptic, and

Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops

to the patriarch.

ABBACY

Ab”ba*cy, n.; pl. Abbacies. Etym: [L. abbatia, fr. abbas, abbatis,

abbot. See Abbey.]

Defn: The dignity, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot.

ABBATIAL

Ab*ba”tial, a. Etym: [LL. abbatialis : cf. F. abbatial.]

Defn: Belonging to an abbey; as, abbatial rights.

ABBATICAL

Ab*bat”ic*al, a.

Defn: Abbatial. [Obs.]

ABBE

Ab”bé`, n.Etym: [F. abbé. See Abbot.]

Defn: The French word answering to the English abbot, the head of an

abbey; but commonly a title of respect given in France to every one

vested with the ecclesiastical habit or dress.

Note: * After the 16th century, the name was given, in social

parlance, to candidates for some priory or abbey in the gift of the

crown. Many of these aspirants became well known in literary and

fashionable life. By further extension, the name came to be applied

to unbeneficed secular ecclesiastics generally. Littré.

ABBESS

Ab”bess, n. Etym: [OF.abaesse, abeesse, F. abbesse, L. abbatissa,

fem. of abbas, abbatis, abbot. See Abbot.]

Defn: A female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of

nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the abbots have

over the monks. See Abbey.

ABBEY

Ab”bey, n.; pl. Abbeys. Etym: [OF. abaïe, F. abbaye, L. abbatia, fr.

abbas abbot. See Abbot.]

1. A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the

world and devoted to religion and celibacy; also, the monastic

building or buildings.

Note: The men are called monks, and governed by an abbot; the women

are called nuns, and governed by an abbess.

2. The church of a monastery.

Note: In London, the Abbey means Westminster Abbey, and in Scotland,

the precincts of the Abbey of Holyrood. The name is also retained for

a private residence on the site of an abbey; as, Newstead Abbey, the

residence of Lord Byron.

Syn.

 — Monastery; convent; nunnery; priory; cloister. See Cloister.

ABBOT

Ab”bot, n. Etym: [AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. abba

father. Cf. Abba, AbbÉ.]

1. The superior or head of an abbey.

2. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. Encyc.

Brit. Abbot of the people. a title formerly given to one of the chief

magistrates in Genoa.

 — Abbot of Misrule (or Lord of Misrule), in mediæval times, the

master of revels, as at Christmas; in Scotland called the Abbot of

Unreason. Encyc. Brit.

ABBOTSHIP

Ab”bot*ship, n. Etym: [Abbot + -ship.]

Defn: The state or office of an abbot.

ABBREVIATE

Ab*bre”vi*ate, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abbreviated; p.pr. & vb.n.

Abbreviating.] Etym: [L. abbreviatus, p.p. of abbreviare; ad +

breviare to shorten, fr. brevis short. See Abridge.]

1. To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction

or omission, especially of words written or spoken.

It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off.

Bacon.

2. (Math.)

Defn: To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.

ABBREVIATE

Ab*bre”vi*ate, a. Etym: [L. abbreviatus, p.p.]

1. Abbreviated; abridged; shortened. [R.] “The abbreviate form.”

Earle.

2. (Biol.)

Defn: Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the

ordinary type.

ABBREVIATE

Ab*bre”vi*ate, n.

Defn: An abridgment. [Obs.] Elyot.

ABBREVIATED

Ab*bre”vi*a`ted, a.

Defn: Shortened; relatively short; abbreviate.

ABBREVIATION

Ab*bre`vi*a”tion, n. Etym: [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F. abbréviation.]

1. The act of shortening, or reducing.

2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment. Tylor.

3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and

omission; a letter or letters, standing for a word or phrase of which

they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of

America.

4. (Mus.)

Defn: One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it

respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers. Moore.

ABBREVIATOR

Ab*bre”vi*a`tor, n. Etym: [LL.: cf. F. abbréviateur.]

1. One who abbreviates or shortens.

2. One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose

duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply

of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into

official form.

ABBREVIATORY

Ab*bre”vi*a*to*ry, a.

Defn: Serving or tending to abbreviate; shortening; abridging.

ABBREVIATURE

Ab*bre”vi*a*ture, n.

1. An abbreviation; an abbreviated state or form. [Obs.]

2. An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.

This is an excellent abbreviature of the whole duty of a Christian.

Jer. Taylor.

ABB WOOL

Abb” wool.

Defn: See Abb.

A B C

A B C”.

1. The first three letters of the alphabet, used for the whole

alphabet.

2. A primer for teaching the alphabet and first elements of reading.

[Obs.]

3. The simplest rudiments of any subject; as, the A B C of finance. A

B C book, a primer. Shak.

ABDAL

Ab”dal, n. Etym: [Ar. badil, pl. abdal, a substitute, a good,

religious man, saint, fr. badala to change, substitute.]

Defn: A religious devotee or dervish in Persia.

ABDERIAN

Ab*de”ri*an, a. Etym: [From Abdera, a town in Thrace, of which place

Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher, was a native.]

Defn: Given to laughter; inclined to foolish or incessant merriment.

ABDERITE

Ab*de”rite, n. Etym: [L. Abderita, Abderites, fr. Gr. ‘

Defn: An inhabitant of Abdera, in Thrace. The Abderite, Democritus,

the Laughing Philosopher.

ABDEST

Ab”dest, n. Etym: [Per. abdast; ab water + dast hand.]

Defn: Purification by washing the hands before prayer; — a

Mohammedan rite. Heyse.

ABDICABLE

Ab”di*ca*ble, a.

Defn: Capable of being abdicated.

ABDICANT

Ab”di*cant, a. Etym: [L. abdicans, p.pr. of abdicare.]

Defn: Abdicating; renouncing; — followed by of.

Monks abdicant of their orders. Whitlock.

ABDICANT

Ab”di*cant, n.

Defn: One who abdicates. Smart.

ABDICATE

Ab”di*cate, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abdicated; p.pr. & vb.n. Abdicating.]

Etym: [L. abdicatus, p.p. of abdicare; ab + dicare to proclaim, akin

to dicere to say. See Diction.]

1. To surrender or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw

definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station,

dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy.

Note: The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II.,

to abandon without a formal surrender.

The cross-bearers abdicated their service. Gibbon.

2. To renounce; to relinquish; — said of authority, a trust, duty,

right, etc.

He abdicates all right to be his own governor. Burke.

The understanding abdicates its functions. Froude.

3. To reject; to cast off. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

4. (Civil Law)

Defn: To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child;

to disown; to disinherit.

Syn.

 — To give up; quit; vacate; relinquish; forsake; abandon; resign;

renounce; desert.

 — To Abdicate, Resign. Abdicate commonly expresses the act of a

monarch in voluntary and formally yielding up sovereign authority;

as, to abdicate the government. Resign is applied to the act of any

person, high or low, who gives back an office or trust into the hands

of him who conferred it. Thus, a minister resigns, a military officer

resigns, a clerk resigns. The expression, “The king resigned his

crown,” sometimes occurs in our later literature, implying that he

held it from his people.

 — There are other senses of resign which are not here brought into

view.

ABDICATE

Ab”di*cate, v.i.

Defn: To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or

dignity.

Though a king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot abdicate for

the monarchy. Burke.

ABDICATION

Ab`di*ca”tion, n. Etym: [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.]

Defn: The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office,

dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation

of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power,

authority.

ABDICATIVE

Ab”di*ca*tive, a. Etym: [L. abdicativus.]

Defn: Causing, or implying, abdication. [R.] Bailey.

ABDICATOR

Ab”di*ca`tor, n.

Defn: One who abdicates.

ABDITIVE

Ab”di*tive, a. Etym: [L. abditivus, fr. abdere to hide.]

Defn: Having the quality of hiding. [R.] Bailey.

ABDITORY

Ab”di*to*ry, n. Etym: [L. abditorium.]

Defn: A place for hiding or preserving articles of value. Cowell.

ABDOMEN

Ab*do”men, n. Etym: [L. abdomen (a word of uncertain etymol.): cf. F.

abdomen.]

1. (Anat.)

Defn: The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the

pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the

peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In

man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the

commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic

cavity.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in

insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.

ABDOMINAL

Ab*dom”i*nal, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abdominal.]

1. Of or pertaining to the abdomen; ventral; as, the abdominal

regions, muscles, cavity.

2. (Zoöl.)

Defn: Having abdominal fins; belonging to the Abdominales; as,

abdominal fishes. Abdominal ring (Anat.), a fancied ringlike opening

on each side of the abdomen, external and superior to the pubes; —

called also inguinal ring.

ABDOMINAL

Ab*dom”i*nal, n.; E. pl. Abdominals, L. pl. Abdominales.

Defn: A fish of the group Abdominales.

ABDOMINALES

Ab*dom`i*na”les, n. pl. Etym: [NL., masc. pl.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A group including the greater part of fresh-water fishes, and

many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind

the pectorals.

ABDOMINALIA

Ab*dom`i*na”li*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., neut. pl.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages.

ABDOMINOSCOPY

Ab*dom`i*nos”co*py, n. Etym: [L. abdomen + Gr. (Med.)

Defn: Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal disease.

ABDOMINOTHORACIC

Ab*dom`i*no*tho*rac”ic, a.

Defn: Relating to the abdomen and the thorax, or chest.

ABDOMINOUS

Ab*dom”i*nous, a.

Defn: Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied.

Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, Like a fat squab upon a Chinese

fan. Cowper.

ABDUCE

Ab*duce”, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abduced; p.pr. & vb.n. Abducing.] Etym:

[L. abducere to lead away; ab + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf.

Abduct.]

Defn: To draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different

part. [Obs.]

If we abduce the eye unto either corner, the object will not

duplicate. Sir T. Browne.

ABDUCT

Ab*duct”, v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abducted; p.pr. & vb.n. Abducting.] Etym:

[L. abductus, p.p. of abducere. See Abduce.]

1. To take away surreptitiously by force; to carry away (a human

being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.

2. To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.

ABDUCTION

Ab*duc”tion, n. Etym: [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.]

1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying

away. Roget.

2. (Physiol.)

Defn: The movement which separates a limb or other part from the

axis, or middle line, of the body.

3. (Law)

Defn: The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human

being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress.

4. (Logic)

Defn: A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident,

but the minor is only probable.

ABDUCTOR

Ab*duc”tor, n. Etym: [NL.]

1. One who abducts.

2. (Anat.)

Defn: A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form the median

line of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which draws the eye

outward.

ABEAM

A*beam”, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + beam.] (Naut.)

Defn: On the beam, that is, on a line which forms a right angle with

the ship’s keel; opposite to the center of the ship’s side.

ABEAR

A*bear”, v.t. Etym: [AS. aberan; pref. a- + beran to bear.]

1. To bear; to behave. [Obs.]

So did the faery knight himself abear. Spenser.

2. To put up with; to endure. [Prov.] Dickens.

ABEARANCE

A*bear”ance, n.

Defn: Behavior. [Obs.] Blackstone.

ABEARING

A*bear”ing, n.

Defn: Behavior. [Obs.] Sir. T. More.

ABECEDARIAN

A`be*ce*da”ri*an, n. Etym: [L. abecedarius. A word from the first

four letters of the alphabet.]

1. One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.

2. One engaged in teaching the alphabet. Wood.

ABECEDARIAN; ABECEDARY

A`be*ce*da”ri*an, A`be*ce”da*ry, a.

Defn: Pertaining to, or formed by, the letters of the alphabet;

alphabetic; hence, rudimentary. Abecedarian psalms, hymns, etc.,

compositions in which (like the 119th psalm in Hebrew) distinct

portions or verses commence with successive letters of the alphabet.

Hook.

ABECEDARY

A`be*ce”da*ry, n.

Defn: A primer; the first principle or rudiment of anything. [R.]

Fuller.

ABED

A*bed”, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- in, on + bed.]

1. In bed, or on the bed.

Not to be abed after midnight. Shak.

2. To childbed (in the phrase “brought abed,” that is, delivered of a

child). Shak.

ABEGGE

A*beg”ge.

Defn: Same as Aby. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABELE

A*bele”, n. Etym: [D. abeel (abeel-boom), OF. abel, aubel, fr. a dim.

of L. albus white.]

Defn: The white polar (Populus alba).

Six abeles i’ the churchyard grow. Mrs. Browning.

ABELIAN; ABELITE; ABELONIAN

A*bel”i*an, A”bel*ite, A`bel*o”ni*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.)

Defn: One of a sect in Africa (4th century), mentioned by St.

Augustine, who states that they married, but lived in continence,

after the manner, as they pretended, of Abel.

ABELMOSK

A”bel*mosk`, n. Etym: [NL. abelmoschus, fr. Ar. abu-l-misk father of

musk, i.e., producing musk. See Musk.] (Bot.)

Defn: An evergreen shrub (Hibiscus — formerly Abelmoschus-

moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose

musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; — sometimes

called musk mallow.

ABER-DE-VINE

Ab`er-de-vine”, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: The European siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and

yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.

ABERR

Ab*err”, v.i. Etym: [L. aberrare. See Aberrate.]

Defn: To wander; to stray. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

ABERRANCE; ABERRANCY

Ab*er”rance, Ab*er”ran*cy, n.

Defn: State of being aberrant; a wandering from the right way;

deviation from truth, rectitude, etc. Aberrancy of curvature (Geom.),

the deviation of a curve from a circular form.

ABERRANT

Ab*er”rant, a. Etym: [L. aberrans, -rantis, p.pr. of aberrare.]

Defn: See Aberr.]

1. Wandering; straying from the right way.

2. (Biol.)

Defn: Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional;

abnormal.

The more aberrant any form is, the greater must have been the number

of connecting forms which, on my theory, have been exterminated.

Darwin.

ABERRATE

Ab”er*rate, v.i. Etym: [L. aberratus, p.pr. of aberrare; ab + errare

to wander. See Err.]

Defn: To go astray; to diverge. [R.]

Their own defective and aberrating vision. De Quincey.

ABERRATION

Ab`er*ra”tion, n. Etym: [L. aberratio: cf. F. aberration. See

Aberrate.]

1. The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral

rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type. “The aberration of

youth.” Hall. “Aberrations from theory.” Burke.

2. A partial alienation of reason. “Occasional aberrations of

intellect.” Lingard.

Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass

with heat into epidemic form. I. Taylor.

3. (Astron.)

Defn: A small periodical change of position in the stars and other

heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light

and the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when the

observer’s motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and dairy or

diurnal aberration, when of the earth on its axis; amounting when

greatest, in the former case, to 20.4”, and in the latter, to 0.3”.

Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the

motion of the planet relative to the earth.

4. (Opt.)

Defn: The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays

of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of

such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due

to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving

different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic

aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored

rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.

5. (Physiol.)

Defn: The passage of blood or other fluid into parts not appropriate

for it.

6. (Law)

Defn: The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an

instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B.

Syn.

 — Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation; mania;

dementia; hallucination; illusion; delusion. See Insanity.

ABERRATIONAL

Ab`er*ra”tion*al, a.

Defn: Characterized by aberration.

ABERUNCATE

Ab`e*run”cate, v.t. Etym: [L. aberuncare, for aberruncare. See

Averruncate.]

Defn: To weed out. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABERUNCATOR

Ab`e*run”ca*tor, n.

Defn: A weeding machine.

ABET

A*bet”, v.t.

[imp. & p.p. Abetted; p.pr. & vb.n. Abetting.]

Etym:

[OF. abeter; a (L. ad) + beter to bait (as a bear), fr. Icel. beita

to set dogs on, to feed, originally, to cause to bite, fr. Icel. bita

to bite, hence to bait, to incite. See Bait, Bet.]

1. To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; — used in a bad

sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in

his wicked courses; to abet vice; to abet an insurrection. “The whole

tribe abets the villany.” South.

Would not the fool abet the stealth, Who rashly thus exposed his

wealth Gay.

2. To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; — in a good sense.

[Obs.].

Our duty is urged, and our confidence abetted. Jer. Taylor.

3. (Law)

Defn: To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the commission

of an offense.

Syn.

 — To incite; instigate; set on; egg on; foment; advocate;

countenance; encourage; second; uphold; aid; assist; support;

sustain; back; connive at.

ABET

A*bet”, n. Etym: [OF. abet, fr. abeter.]

Defn: Act of abetting; aid. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABETMENT

A*bet”ment, n.

Defn: The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.

ABETTAL

A*bet”tal, n.

Defn: Abetment. [R.]

ABETTER; ABETTOR

A*bet”ter, A*bet*tor, n.

Defn: One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender.

Note: The form abettor is the legal term and also in general use.

Syn.

 — Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote different

degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An abettor is one who

incites or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance.

An accessory supposes a principal offender. One who is neither the

chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but

accedes to or becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous

or subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or

concealing, etc., is an accessory. An accomplice is one who

participates in the commission of an offense, whether as principal or

accessory. Thus in treason, there are no abettors or accessories, but

all are held to be principals or accomplices.

ABEVACUATION

Ab`e*vac”u*a”tion, n. Etym: [Pref. ab- + evacuation.] (Med.)

Defn: A partial evacuation. Mayne.

ABEYANCE

A*bey”ance, n. Etym: [OF. abeance expectation, longing; a (L. ad) +

baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, F. bayer,

LL. badare to gape.]

1. (Law)

Defn: Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.

Note: When there is no person in existence in whom an inheritance (or

a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in abeyance, that is, in

expectation; the law considering it as always potentially existing,

and ready to vest whenever a proper owner appears. Blackstone.

2. Suspension; temporary suppression.

Keeping the sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant state, or

state of abeyance. De Quincey.

ABEYANCY

A*bey”an*cy, n.

Defn: Abeyance. [R.] Hawthorne.

ABEYANT

A*bey”ant, a.

Defn: Being in a state of abeyance.

ABGEORDNETENHAUS

Ab”ge*ord`ne*ten*haus`, n.  [G.]

Defn: See Legislature, Austria, Prussia.

ABHAL

Ab”hal, n.

Defn: The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.

ABHOMINABLE

Ab*hom”i*na*ble, a.

Defn: Abominable.

Note: [A false orthography anciently used; h was foisted into various

words; hence abholish, for abolish, etc.]

This is abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call abominable.

Shak. Love’s Labor’s Lost, v. 1.

ABHOMINAL

Ab*hom`i*nal, a. Etym: [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.]

Defn: Inhuman. [Obs.] Fuller.

ABHOR

Ab*hor”, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abhorred; p. pr. & vb. n. Abhorring.]

Etym: [L. abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle, shiver, shudder: cf. F.

abhorrer. See Horrid.]

1. To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or

detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to

extremity; to loathe.

Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Rom. xii. 9.

2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.]

It doth abhor me now I speak the word. Shak.

3. (Canon Law)

Defn: To protest against; to reject solemnly. [Obs.]

I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul Refuse you for my judge. Shak.

Syn.

 — To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.

ABHOR

Ab*hor”, v. i.

Defn: To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary

or averse; — with from. [Obs.] “To abhor from those vices.” Udall.

Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law. Milton.

ABHORRENCE

Ab*hor”rence, n.

Defn: Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.

ABHORRENCY

Ab*hor”ren*cy, n.

Defn: Abhorrence. [Obs.] Locke.

ABHORRENT

Ab*hor”rent, a. Etym: [L. abhorens, -rentis, p. pr. of abhorrere.]

1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing;

hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.

The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason. Burke.

The arts of pleasure in despotic courts I spurn abhorrent. Clover.

2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; — followed by

to. “Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent to our stricter

principles.” Gibbon.

3. Detestable. “Pride, abhorrent as it is.” I. Taylor.

ABHORRENTLY

Ab*hor”rent*ly, adv.

Defn: With abhorrence.

ABHORRER

Ab*hor”rer, n.

Defn: One who abhors. Hume.

ABHORRIBLE

Ab*hor”ri*ble, a.

Defn: Detestable. [R.]

ABHORRING

Ab*hor”ring, n.

1. Detestation. Milton.

2. Object of abhorrence. Isa. lxvi. 24.

ABIB

A”bib, n. Etym: [Heb. abib, lit. an ear of corn. The month was so

called from barley being at that time in ear.]

Defn: The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year,

corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity

this month was called Nisan. Kitto.

ABIDANCE

A*bid”ance, n.

Defn: The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with).

The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of Palestine.

Fuller.

A judicious abidance by rules. Helps.

ABIDE

A*bide”, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode, formerly Abid(#); p. pr. & vb. n.

Abiding.] Etym: [AS. abidan; pref. a- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig.

meaning out) + bidan to bide. See Bide.]

1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.] Chaucer.

2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one’s abode; to dwell; to

sojourn; — with with before a person, and commonly with at or in

before a place.

Let the damsel abide with us a few days. Gen. xxiv. 55.

3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue;

to remain.

Let every man abide in the same calling. 1 Cor. vii. 20.

Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain.

The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at

first. Fielding.

(b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision or an

award.

ABIDE

A*bide”, v. t.

1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I

abide my time. “I will abide the coming of my lord.” Tennyson.

Note: [[Obs.], with a personal object.

Bonds and afflictions abide me. Acts xx. 23.

2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.

[Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it. Tennyson.

3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.

She could not abide Master Shallow. Shak.

4.

Note: [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.]

Defn: To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.

Dearly I abide that boast so vain. Milton.

ABIDER

A*bid”er, n.

1. One who abides, or continues. [Obs.] “Speedy goers and strong

abiders.” Sidney.

2. One who dwells; a resident. Speed.

ABIDING

A*bid”ing, a.

Defn: Continuing; lasting.

ABIDINGLY

A*bid”ing*ly, adv.

Defn: Permanently. Carlyle.

ABIES

A”bi*es, n. Etym: [L., fir tree.] (Bot.)

Defn: A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam

fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to

this genus.

ABIETENE

Ab”i*e*tene, n. Etym: [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.]

Defn: A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut

pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.

ABIETIC

Ab`i*et”ic, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic

acid, called also sylvic acid. Watts.

ABIETIN; ABIETINE

Ab”i*e*tin, Ab”i*e*tine, n. Etym: [See Abietene.] (Chem.)

Defn: A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam.

It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in

alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and

in ether. Watts.

ABIETINIC

Ab`i*e*tin”ic, a.

Defn: Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.

ABIETITE

Ab”i*e*tite, n. (Chem.)

Defn: A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the

common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata). Eng. Cyc.

ABIGAIL

Ab”i*gail, n. Etym: [The proper name used as an appellative.]

Defn: A lady’s waiting-maid. Pepys.

Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls

for sleeping in. Leslie.

ABILIMENT

A*bil”i*ment, n.

Defn: Habiliment. [Obs.]

ABILITY

A*bil”i*ty, n.; pl. Abilities(#). Etym: [F. habileté, earlier

spelling habilité (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude, ability,

fr. habilis apt. See Able.]

Defn: The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether

physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity;

skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill,

resources, etc.; — in the plural, faculty, talent.

Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to

send relief unto the brethren. Acts xi. 29.

Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by

study. Bacon.

The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability.

Macaulay.

Syn.

 — Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency;

aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability, Capacity.

These words come into comparison when applied to the higher

intellectual powers. Ability has reference to the active exercise of

our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that

ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training.

Thus, we speak of the ability with which a book is written, an

argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always

something to be done, and the power of doing it. Capacity has

reference to the receptive powers. In its higher exercises it

supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect,

with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge.

Hence it carries with it the idea of resources and undeveloped power.

Thus we speak of the extraordinary capacity of such men as Lord

Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. “Capacity,” says H. Taylor,

“is requisite to devise, and ability to execute, a great enterprise.”

The word abilities, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and

denotes high mental endowments.

ABIME; ABYME

A*bime” or A*byme”, n. Etym: [F. abîme. See Abysm.]

Defn: A abyss. [Obs.]

ABIOGENESIS

Ab`i*o*gen”e*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless

matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living

parents; spontaneous generation; — called also abiogeny, and opposed

to biogenesis.

I shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced by

not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis. Huxley, 1870.

ABIOGENETIC

Ab`i*o*ge*net”ic, a. (Biol.)

Defn: Of or pertaining to abiogenesis. Ab`i*o*ge*net”ic*al*ly, adv.

ABIOGENIST

Ab`i*og”e*nist, n. (Biol.)

Defn: One who believes that life can be produced independently of

antecedent. Huxley.

ABIOGENOUS

Ab`i*og”e*nous, a. (Biol.)

Defn: Produced by spontaneous generation.

ABIOGENY

Ab`i*og”e*ny, n. (Biol.)

Defn: Same as Abiogenesis.

ABIOLOGICAL

Ab`i*o*log”ic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. biological.]

Defn: Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.

ABIRRITANT

Ab*ir”ri*tant, n. (Med.)

Defn: A medicine that diminishes irritation.

ABIRRITATE

Ab*ir”ri*tate, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ab- + irritate.] (Med.)

Defn: To diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.

ABIRRITATION

Ab*ir`ri*ta”tion, n. (Med.)

Defn: A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation;

debility; want of strength; asthenia.

ABIRRITATIVE

Ab*ir”ri*ta*tive, a. (Med.)

Defn: Characterized by abirritation or debility.

ABIT

A*bit”,

Defn: 3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ABJECT

Ab”ject, a. Etym: [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw away; ab +

jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.]

1. Cast down; low-lying. [Obs.]

From the safe shore their floating carcasses And broken chariot

wheels; so thick bestrown Abject and lost lay these, covering the

flood. Milton.

2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded;

servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune,

thoughts. “Base and abject flatterers.” Addison. “An abject liar.”

Macaulay.

And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams. Shak.

Syn.

 — Mean; groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble;

worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.

ABJECT

Ab*ject”, v. t. Etym: [From Abject, a.]

Defn: To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to

debase. [Obs.] Donne.

ABJECT

Ab”ject, n.

Defn: A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a

castaway. [Obs.]

Shall these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any thing of

pleasure I. Taylor.

ABJECTEDNESS

Ab*ject”ed*ness, n.

Defn: A very abject or low condition; abjectness. [R.] Boyle.

ABJECTION

Ab*jec”tion, n. Etym: [F. abjection, L. abjectio.]

1. The act of bringing down or humbling. “The abjection of the king

and his realm.” Joe.

2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.]

An adjection from the beatific regions where God, and his angels and

saints, dwell forever. Jer. Taylor.

3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement;

degradation.

That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or servility,

is it credible Hooker.

ABJECTLY

Ab”ject*ly, adv.

Defn: Meanly; servilely.

ABJECTNESS

Ab”ject*ness, n.

Defn: The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility.

Grew.

ABJUDGE

Ab*judge”, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ab- + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.]

Defn: To take away by judicial decision. [R.]

ABJUDICATE

Ab*ju”di*cate, v. t. Etym: [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of abjudicare; ab +

judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.]

Defn: To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge. [Obs.] Ash.

ABJUDICATION

Ab*ju`di*ca”tion, n.

Defn: Rejection by judicial sentence. [R.] Knowles.

ABJUGATE

Ab”ju*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.]

Defn: To unyoke. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABJUNCTIVE

Ab*junc”tive, a. Etym: [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab +

jungere to join.]

Defn: Exceptional. [R.]

It is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive to

the universal. I. Taylor.

ABJURATION

Ab`ju*ra”tion, n. Etym: [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.]

1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as,

abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave

the country and never to return.

2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.

Oath of abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the present royal

family to the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to

the descendants of the Pretender. Brande & C.

ABJURATORY

Ab*ju”ra*to*ry, a.

Defn: Containing abjuration.

ABJURE

Ab*jure”, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abjured; p. pr. & vb. n. Abjuring.]

Etym: [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear, fr. jus,

juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See Jury.]

1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure

allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon

it forever.

2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon

forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors. “Magic I here

abjure.” Shak.

Syn.

 — See Renounce.

ABJURE

Ab*jure”, v. i.

Defn: To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet.

ABJUREMENT

Ab*jure”ment, n.

Defn: Renunciation. [R.]

ABJURER

Ab*jur”er, n.

Defn: One who abjures.

ABLACTATE

Ab*lac”tate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablactatus, p. p. of ablactare; ab +

lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.]

Defn: To wean. [R.] Bailey.

ABLACTATION

Ab`lac*ta”tion. n.

1. The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from

their dam. Blount.

2. (Hort.)

Defn: The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by

approach.

ABLAQUEATE

Ab*la”que*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of. ablaqueare; fr.

ab + laqueus a noose.]

Defn: To lay bare, as the roots of a tree. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABLAQUEATION

Ab*la`que*a”tion, n. Etym: [L. ablaqueatio.]

Defn: The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose

them to the air and water. [Obs.] Evelyn.

ABLASTEMIC

Ab`las*tem”ic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.)

Defn: Non-germinal.

ABLATION

Ab*la”tion, n. Etym: [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre to

carry away; ab + latus, p. p. of ferre carry: cf. F. ablation. See

Tolerate.]

1. A carrying or taking away; removal. Jer. Taylor.

2. (Med.)

Defn: Extirpation. Dunglison.

3. (Geol.)

Defn: Wearing away; superficial waste. Tyndall.

ABLATITIOUS

Ab`la*ti”tious, a.

Defn: Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force. Sir J. Herschel.

ABLATIVE

Ab”la*tive, a. Etym: [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr. ablatus.

See Ablation.]

1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.]

Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions

are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth. Bp. Hall.

2. (Gram.)

Defn: Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other

languages, — the fundamental meaning of the case being removal,

separation, or taking away.

ABLATIVE

Ab”la*tive, (Gram.)

Defn: The ablative case. ablative absolute, a construction in Latin,

in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either

expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case,

both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected,

grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante,

Pythagoras venit, i. e., Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.

ABLAUT

Ab”laut, n. Etym: [Ger., off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.)

Defn: The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating

a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation;

as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung. Earle.

ABLAZE

A*blaze”, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + blaze.]

1. On fire; in a blaze, gleaming. Milman.

All ablaze with crimson and gold. Longfellow.

2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.

The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist Torrijos.

Carlyle.

ABLE

A”ble, a. [Comp. Abler; superl. Ablest.] Etym: [OF. habile, L.

habilis that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, fr. habere

to have, hold. Cf. Habile and see Habit.]

1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.]

A many man, to ben an abbot able. Chaucer.

2. Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or

resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed of

qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent;

qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able

to work; a mind able to reason; a person able to be generous; able to

endure pain; able to play on a piano.

3. Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong mental

powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the

ablest man in the senate; an able speech.

No man wrote abler state papers. Macaulay.

4. (Law)

Defn: Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to

inherit or devise property.

Note: Able for, is Scotticism.

“Hardly able for such a march.” Robertson.

Syn.

 — Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; capable;

skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.

ABLE

A”ble, v. t. Etym: [See Able, a.] [Obs.]

1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer.

2. To vouch for. “I ‘ll able them.” Shak.

ABLE; -ABLE; IBLE; -IBLE

*a*ble. Etym: [F. -able, L. -abilis.]

Defn: An adjective suffix now usually in a passive sense; able to be;

fit to be; expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as,

movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended; blamable,

fit to be blamed; salable.

Note: The form ible is used in the same sense.

Note: It is difficult to say when we are not to use -able instead of

-ible. “Yet a rule may be laid down as to when we are to use it. To

all verbs, then, from the Anglo-Saxon, to all based on the

uncorrupted infinitival stems of Latin verbs of the first

conjugation, and to all substantives, whencesoever sprung, we annex –

able only.” Fitzed. Hall.

ABLE-BODIED

A`ble-bod”ied, a.

Defn: Having a sound, strong body; physically competent; robust.

“Able-bodied vagrant.” Froude.

 — A`ble-bod”ied*ness, n..

ABLEGATE

Ab”le*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablegatus, p. p. of ablegare; ab + legare

to send with a commission. See Legate.]

Defn: To send abroad. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABLEGATE

Ab”le*gate, n. (R. C. Ch.)

Defn: A representative of the pope charged with important commissions

in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly

named cardinal his insignia of office.

ABLEGATION

Ab`le*ga”tion, n. Etym: [L. ablegatio.]

Defn: The act of sending abroad. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

ABLE-MINDED

A`ble-mind”ed, a.

Defn: Having much intellectual power.

 — A`ble-mind”ed*ness, n.

ABLENESS

A”ble*ness, n.

Defn: Ability of body or mind; force; vigor. [Obs. or R.]

ABLEPSY

Ab”lep*sy, n. Etym: [Gr.

Defn: Blindness. [R.] Urquhart.

ABLER

A”bler, a.,

Defn: comp. of Able.

 — A”blest, a.,

Defn: superl. of Able.

ABLET; ABLEN

Ab”let, Ab”len Etym: [F. ablet, ablette, a dim. fr. LL. abula, for

albula, dim. of albus white. Cf. Abele.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A small fresh-water fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.

ABLIGATE

Ab”li*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. ab + ligatus, p. p. of ligare to tie.]

Defn: To tie up so as to hinder from. [Obs.]

ABLIGURITION

Ab*lig`u*ri”tion, n. Etym: [L. abligurito, fr. abligurire to spend in

luxurious indulgence; ab + ligurire to be lickerish, dainty, fr.

lingere to lick.]

Defn: Prodigal expense for food. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABLINS

A”blins, adv. Etym: [See Able.]

Defn: Perhaps. [Scot.]

ABLOOM

A*bloom”, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + bloom.]

Defn: In or into bloom; in a blooming state. Masson.

ABLUDE

Ab*lude”, v. t. Etym: [L. abludere; ab + ludere to play.]

Defn: To be unlike; to differ. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

ABLUENT

Ab”lu*ent, a. Etym: [L. abluens, p. pr. of. abluere to wash away; ab

+ luere (lavere, lavare). See Lave.]

Defn: Washing away; carrying off impurities; detergent.

 — n. (Med.)

Defn: A detergent.

ABLUSH

A*blush”, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + blush.]

Defn: Blushing; ruddy.

ABLUTION

Ab*lu`tion, n. Etym: [L. ablutio, fr. abluere: cf. F. ablution. See

Abluent.]

1. The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the

body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.

2. The water used in cleansing. “Cast the ablutions in the main.”

Pope.

3. (R. C. Ch.)

Defn: A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the

priest’s thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then,

as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk

by the priest.

ABLUTIONARY

Ab*lu”tion*a*ry, a.

Defn: Pertaining to ablution.

ABLUVION

Ab*lu”vi*on, n. Etym: [LL. abluvio. See Abluent.]

Defn: That which is washed off. [R.] Dwight.

ABLY

A”bly, adv.

Defn: In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done, planned,

said.

-ABLY

-a*bly(#).

Defn: A suffix composed of -able and the adverbial suffix -ly; as,

favorably.

ABNEGATE

Ab”ne*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abnegated; p. pr. & vb. n.

Abnegating.] Etym: [L. abnegatus,p. p. of abnegare; ab + negare to

deny. See Deny.]

Defn: To deny and reject; to abjure. Sir E. Sandys. Farrar.

ABNEGATION

Ab`ne*ga”tion, n. Etym: [L. abnegatio: cf. F. abnégation.]

Defn: a denial; a renunciation.

With abnegation of God, of his honor, and of religion, they may

retain the friendship of the court. Knox.

ABNEGATIVE

Ab”ne*ga*tive, a. Etym: [L. abnegativus.]

Defn: Denying; renouncing; negative. [R.] Clarke.

ABNEGATOR

Ab”ne*ga`tor(#), n. [L.]

Defn: One who abnegates, denies, or rejects anything. [R.]

ABNET

Ab”net, n. Etym: [Heb.]

Defn: The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.

ABNODATE

Ab”no*date, v. t. Etym: [L. abnodatus, p. p. of abnodare; ab + nodus

knot.]

Defn: To clear (tress) from knots. [R.] Blount.

ABNODATION

Ab`no*da”tion, n.

Defn: The act of cutting away the knots of trees. [R.] Crabb.

ABNORMAL

Ab*nor”mal, a. Etym: [For earlier anormal.F. anormal, LL. anormalus

for anomalus, Gr. abnormis. See Anomalous, Abnormous, Anormal.]

Defn: Not conformed to rule or system; deviating from the type;

anomalous; irregular. “That deviating from the type; anomalous;

irregular. ” Froude.

ABNORMALITY

Ab`nor*mal”i*ty, n.; pl. Abnormalities.

1. The state or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity.

Darwin.

2. Something abnormal.

ABNORMALLY

Ab*nor”mal*ly, adv.

Defn: In an abnormal manner; irregularly. Darwin.

ABNORMITY

Ab*nor”mi*ty, n.; pl. Abnormities. Etym: [LL. abnormitas. See

Abnormous.]

Defn: Departure from the ordinary type; irregularity; monstrosity.

“An abnormity . . . like a calf born with two heads.” Mrs. Whitney.

ABNORMOUS

Ab*nor”mous, a. Etym: [L. abnormis; ab + norma rule. See Normal.]

Defn: Abnormal; irregular. Hallam.

A character of a more abnormous cast than his equally suspected

coadjutor. State Trials.

ABOARD

A*board”, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- on, in + board.]

Defn: On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or within

a railway car.

2. Alongside; as, close aboard. Naut.: To fall aboard of, to strike a

ship’s side; to fall foul of.

 — To haul the tacks aboard, to set the courses.

 — To keep the land aboard, to hug the shore.

 — To lay (a ship) aboard, to place one’s own ship close alongside

of (a ship) for fighting.

ABOARD

A*board”, prep.

1. On board of; as, to go aboard a ship.

2. Across; athwart. [Obs.]

Nor iron bands aboard The Pontic Sea by their huge navy cast.

Spenser.

ABODANCE

A*bod”ance, n. Etym: [See Bode.]

Defn: An omen; a portending. [Obs.]

ABODE

A*bode”, pret.

Defn: of Abide.

ABODE

A*bode”, n. Etym: [OE. abad, abood, fr. abiden to abide. See Abide.

For the change of vowel, cf. abode, imp. of abide.]

1. Act of waiting; delay. [Obs.] Shak.

And with her fled away without abode. Spenser.

2. Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.

He waxeth at your abode here. Fielding.

3. Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place;

residence; a dwelling; a habitation.

Come, let me lead you to our poor abode. Wordsworth.

ABODE

A*bode”, n. Etym: [See Bode, v. t.]

Defn: An omen. [Obs.]

High-thundering Juno’s husband stirs my spirit with true abodes.

Chapman.

ABODE

A*bode”, v. t.

Defn: To bode; to foreshow. [Obs.] Shak.

ABODE

A*bode”, v. i.

Defn: To be ominous. [Obs.] Dryden.

ABODEMENT

A*bode”ment, n.

Defn: A foreboding; an omen. [Obs.] “Abodements must not now affright

us.” Shak.

ABODING

A*bod”ing, n.

Defn: A foreboding. [Obs.]

ABOLISH

A*bol”ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abolished; p. pr. & vb. n.

Abolishing.] Etym: [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab + olere to

grow. Cf. Finish.]

1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; — said of laws,

customs, institutions, governments, etc.; as, to abolish slavery, to

abolish folly.

2. To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out.

[Archaic]

And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot. Spenser.

His quick instinctive hand Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him.

Tennyson.

Syn.

 — To Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Revoke, Annul, Nullify, Cancel.

These words have in common the idea of setting aside by some

overruling act. Abolish applies particularly to things of a permanent

nature, such as institutions, usages, customs, etc.; as, to abolish

monopolies, serfdom, slavery. Repeal describes the act by which the

legislature of a state sets aside a law which it had previously

enacted. Abrogate was originally applied to the repeal of a law by

the Roman people; and hence, when the power of making laws was

usurped by the emperors, the term was applied to their act of setting

aside the laws. Thus it came to express that act by which a sovereign

or an executive government sets aside laws, ordinances, regulations,

treaties, conventions, etc. Revoke denotes the act or recalling some

previous grant which conferred, privilege, etc.; as, to revoke a

decree, to revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we

speak of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Annul is used in a

more general sense, denoting simply to make void; as, to annul a

contract, to annul an agreement. Nullify is an old word revived in

this country, and applied to the setting of things aside either by

force or by total disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress.

Cancel is to strike out or annul, by a deliberate exercise of power,

something which has operative force.

ABOLISHABLE

A*bol”ish*a*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abolissable.]

Defn: Capable of being abolished.

ABOLISHER

A*bol”ish*er, n.

Defn: One who abolishes.

ABOLISHMENT

A*bol”ish*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. abolissement.]

Defn: The act of abolishing; abolition; destruction. Hooker.

ABOLITION

Ab”o*li”tion, n. Etym: [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition.

See Abolish.]

Defn: The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an

annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of

slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees,

ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc.

Note: The application of this word to persons is now unusual or

obsolete

ABOLITIONISM

Ab`o*li”tion*ism, n.

Defn: The principles or measures of abolitionists. Wilberforce.

ABOLITIONIST

Ab`o*li”tion*ist, n.

Defn: A person who favors the abolition of any institution,

especially negro slavery.

ABOLITIONIZE

Ab`o*li`tion*ize, v. t.

Defn: To imbue with the principles of abolitionism. [R.] Bartlett.

ABOMA

A*bo”ma, n. (Zoöl.)

Defn: A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).

ABOMASUM; ABOMASUS

Ab`o*ma”sum, Ab`o*ma”sus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. L. ab + omasum (a Celtic

word.] (Anat.)

Defn: The fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant, which leads from

the third stomach omasum. See Ruminantia.

ABOMINABLE

A*bom”i*na*ble, a. Etym: [F. abominable. L. abominalis. See

Abominate.]

1. Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing of evil omen; odious

in the utmost degree; very hateful; detestable; loathsome; execrable.

2. Excessive; large; — used as an intensive. [Obs.]

Note: Juliana Berners . . . informs us that in her time [15th c.],

“abomynable syght of monkes” was elegant English for “a large company

of friars.” G. P. Marsh.

ABOMINABLENESS

A*bom”i*na*ble*ness, n.

Defn: The quality or state of being abominable; odiousness. Bentley.

ABOMINABLY

A*bom”i*na*bly, adv.

Defn: In an abominable manner; very odiously; detestably.

ABOMINATE

A*bom”i*nate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abominated; p. pr. & vb. n.

Abominating.] Etym: [L. abominatus, p. p. or abominari to deprecate

as ominous, to abhor, to curse; ab + omen a foreboding. See Omen.]

Defn: To turn from as ill-omened; to hate in the highest degree, as

if with religious dread; loathe; as, to abominate all impiety.

Syn.

 — To hate; abhor; loathe; detest. See Hate.

ABOMINATION

A*bom`i*na”tion, n. Etym: [OE. abominacioun, -cion, F. abominatio.

See Abominate.]

1. The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence;

detestation; loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination.

2. That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully

vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful

or shameful vice; pollution.

Antony, most large in his abominations. Shak.

3. A cause of pollution or wickedness.

Syn.

 — Detestation; loathing; abhorrence; disgust; aversion;

loathsomeness; odiousness. Sir W. Scott.

ABOON

A*boon”, prep.

Defn: and adv. Above. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

Aboon the pass of Bally-Brough. Sir W. Scott.

The ceiling fair that rose aboon. J. R. Drake.

ABORAL

Ab*o”ral, a. Etym: [L. ab. + E. oral.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: Situated opposite to, or away from, the mouth.

ABORD

A*bord”, n. Etym: [F.]

Defn: Manner of approaching or accosting; address. Chesterfield.

ABORD

A*bord”, v. t. Etym: [F. aborder, à (L. ad) + bord rim, brim, or side

of a vessel. See Border, Board.]

Defn: To approach; to accost. [Obs.] Digby.

ABORIGINAL

Ab`o*rig”i*nal, a. Etym: [See Aborigines.]

1. First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal

tribes of America. “Mantled o’er with aboriginal turf.” Wordsworth.

2. Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindoo of aboriginal blood.

ABORIGINAL

Ab`o*rig”i*nal, n.

1. An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines.

2. An animal or a plant native to the region.

It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these

islands. Darwin.

ABORIGINALITY

Ab`o*rig`i*nal”i*ty, n.

Defn: The quality of being aboriginal. Westm. Rev.

ABORIGINALLY

Ab`o*rig”i*nal*ly, adv.

Defn: Primarily.

ABORIGINES

Ab`o*rig”i*nes, n. pl. Etym: [L. Aborigines; ab + origo, especially

the first inhabitants of Latium, those who originally (ab origine)

inhabited Latium or Italy. See Origin.]

1. The earliest known inhabitants of a country; native races.

2. The original fauna and flora of a geographical area

ABORSEMENT

A*borse”ment, n.

Defn: Abortment; abortion. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

ABORSIVE

A*bor”sive, a.

Defn: Abortive. [Obs.] Fuller.

ABORT

A*bort”, v. i. Etym: [L. abortare, fr. abortus, p. p. of aboriri; ab

+ oriri to rise, to be born. See Orient.]

1. To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.

2. (Biol.)

Defn: To become checked in normal development, so as either to remain

rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.

ABORT

A*bort”, n. Etym: [L. abortus, fr. aboriri.]

1. An untimely birth. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

2. An aborted offspring. [Obs.] Holland.

ABORTED

A*bort”ed, a.

1. Brought forth prematurely.

2. (Biol.)

Defn: Rendered abortive or sterile; undeveloped; checked in normal

development at a very early stage; as, spines are aborted branches.

The eyes of the cirripeds are more or less aborted in their mature

state. Owen.

ABORTICIDE

A*bor”ti*cide, n. Etym: [L. abortus + caedere to kill. See Abort.]

(Med.)

Defn: The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide.

ABORTIFACIENT

A*bor`ti*fa”cient, a. Etym: [L. abortus (see Abort, v.) + faciens, p.

pr. of facere to make.]

Defn: Producing miscarriage.

 — n.

Defn: A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.

ABORTION

A*bor”tion, n. Etym: [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See Abort.]

1. The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of

the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining

life; miscarriage.

Note: It is sometimes used for the offense of procuring a premature

delivery, but strictly the early delivery is the abortion, “causing

or procuring abortion” is the full name of the offense. Abbott.

2. The immature product of an untimely birth.

3. (Biol.)

Defn: Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an

imperfect formation or is absorbed.

4. Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything

which in its progress, before it is matured or perfect; a complete

failure; as, his attempt. proved an abortiori.

ABORTIONAL

A*bor”tion*al, a.

Defn: Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying; abortive. Carlyle.

ABORTIONIST

A*bor”tion*ist, n.

Defn: One who procures abortion or miscarriage.

ABORTIVE

A*bor”tive, a. Etym: [L. abortivus, fr. aboriri. See Abort, v.]

1. Produced by abortion; born prematurely; as, an abortive child.

[R.]

2. Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.

[Obs.]

3. Rendering fruitless or ineffectual. [Obs.] “Plunged in that

abortive gulf.” Milton.

4. Coming to naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying; fruitless;

unsuccessful; as, an abortive attempt. “An abortive enterprise.”

Prescott.

5. (Biol.)

Defn: Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary; sterile; as, an

abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc.

6. (Med.)

(a) Causing abortion; as, abortive medicines. Parr.

(b) Cutting short; as, abortive treatment of typhoid fever.

ABORTIVE

A*bor”tive, n.

1. That which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion.

[Obs.] Shak.

2. A fruitless effort or issue. [Obs.]

3. A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing

abortion. Dunglison.

ABORTIVELY

A*bor”tive*ly, adv.

Defn: In an abortive or untimely manner; immaturely; fruitlessly.

ABORTIVENESS

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