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    • Nam Nguyen

      By Nam Nguyen
      aggravated burglary <=>See BURGLARY.
      • Nam Nguyen

        By Nam Nguyen
        aggravated assault <=>See ASSAULT.
        • Nam Nguyen

          By Nam Nguyen
          age of consent <=>The age at which a girl can legally consent to sexual intercourse, or to an act that would otherwise constitute an indecent assault. This age is 16. This minimum age limit does not apply to girls married under a foreign law that is recognized in English law. See also BUGGERY.
          • Nam Nguyen

            By Nam Nguyen
            agent provocateur <=>A person who actively entices, encourages, or persuades someone to commit a crime that would not otherwise have been committed for the purpose of securing his conviction (see ENTRAPMENT). In such a case the agent provocateur will be regarded as an accomplice in any offence that the accused commits as a result of this intervention.
            • Nam Nguyen

              By Nam Nguyen
              agent. <=>See also COMMERCIAL AGENT; MERCANTILE AGENT. 2. <=>(in criminal law) See BUGGERY.
              • Nam Nguyen

                By Nam Nguyen
                agent provocateur <=> agent's) usual business or profession. A specialagent <=>is authorized to act only for a special purpose that is not in the ordinary course of the agent's business or profession. The principal of a general agent is bound by acts of the agent that are incidental to the ordinary conduct of the agent's business or the effective performance of his duties, even if the principal has imposed limitations on the agent's authority. But in the case of a special agent, the principal is not bound by acts that are not within the authority conferred. In either case, the principal may ratify an unauthorized contract. An agent for the sale of goods sometimes agrees to protect his principal against the risk of the buyer's insolvency. He does this by undertaking liability for the unjustifiable failure of the third-party buyer to pay the price of the goods. Such an agent is called a del credere
                • Nam Nguyen

                  By Nam Nguyen
                  A general agent <=>is one who has authority to act for his principal in all his business of a particular kind, or who acts for the principal in the course of his (the
                  • Nam Nguyen

                    By Nam Nguyen
                    agent n. 1. <=>A person appointed by another (the principal) <=>to act on his behalf, often to negotiate a contract between the principal and a third party. If an agent discloses his principal's name (or at least the existence of a principal) to the third party with whom he is dealing, the agent himself is not normally entitled to the benefit of, or be liable on, the contract. An undisclosedprincipal <=>is one whose existence is not revealed by the agent to a third party; he may still be entitled to the benefit of, and be liable on, the contract, but in such cases the agent is also entitled and liable. However, an undisclosed principal may not be entitled to the benefit of a contract if the agency is inconsistent with the terms of the contract or if the third party shows that he wished to contract with the agent personally.
                    • Nam Nguyen

                      By Nam Nguyen
                      agency <=>n. 1. <=>The relationship between an *agent and his principal. 2. <=>The business carried on by an agent.
                      • Nam Nguyen

                        By Nam Nguyen
                        AG <=>See ATTORNEY GENERAL.
                        • Nam Nguyen

                          By Nam Nguyen
                          affreightment <=>n. A contract for the carriage of goods by sea (the consideration being called freight and the carrier the freighter). <=>It can be either a *charterparty or a contract whose terms are set out in the *bill of lading.
                          • Nam Nguyen

                            By Nam Nguyen
                            affray <=>n. The offence of intentionally using or threatening, other than by words alone, unlawful violence. The conduct must be such as would have caused a reasonable person to fear for his safety, though no such person need be present. The offence is found in the Public Order Act 1986,though it can be committed in private as well as in public places. It replaces the common-law offence of affray and is punishable on indictment with up to three years' imprisonment and/or a fine or, on summary conviction, by imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or by a fine. A constable may arrest without warrant anyone he reasonable suspects is committing affray. See alsoASSAULT; RIOT; VIOLENT DISORDER.
                            • Nam Nguyen

                              By Nam Nguyen
                              affirmative resolution <=>See DELEGATED LEGISLATION.
                              • Nam Nguyen

                                By Nam Nguyen
                                affirmative pregnant <=>An allegation in a statement of case implying or not denying some negative. Compare NEGATIVE PREGNANT.
                                • Nam Nguyen

                                  By Nam Nguyen
                                  affirm <=>vb. 1. <=>To confirm a legal decision, particularly (of an appeal court) to confirm a judgment made in a lower court. 2. <=>To promise in solemn form to tell the truth while giving evidence or when making an *affidavit. Under the Oaths Act 1978, any person who objects to being sworn on *oath, or in respect of whom it is not reasonably practicable to administer an oath, may instead affirm. Affirmation has the same legal effects as the taking of an oath. 3. <=>To treat a contract as continuing in existence, instead of exercising a right to rescind it for *misrepresentation or other cause (see VOIDABLE CONTRACT) or to treat it as discharged by reason of repudiation or breach (see BREACH OF CONTRACT). Affirmation is effective only if it takes place with full knowledge of the facts. It may take the form of an express declaration of intention to proceed with the contract; alternatively, that intention may be inferred from conduct (if, for example, the party attempts to sell goods that have been delivered under a contract voidable for misrepresentation). Lapse of time without seeking a remedy may be treated as evidence of affirmation.